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LIBRARY SCIENCE VS INFORMATION SCIENCE

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MLIS Course Code 5501-AIOU WORKSHOP SPRING 2013
LIBRARY SCIENCE VS INFORMATION SCIENCE
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES- 2013

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LIBRARY SCIENCE VS INFORMATION SCIENCE

  1. 1. Similarities & Differences INTRODUCTION TO LIBRARY & INFORMATION SCIENCES (5501) MLIS-AIOU-WORKSHOP SPRING 2013 By: Huma Malik Librarian, Preston University, Islamabad
  2. 2. Contents  Definitions  Similarities  Differences  Conclusion
  3. 3. Definitions Library Science The study of collecting, preserving, and cataloging books and other documents in libraries. Information Science The study of processes for storing and retrieving information, esp. scientific or technical information.
  4. 4. SIMILARITIES Library Science vs Information Science  Different library experts have mentioned the similarities between library science and information science in their own way.  Here are their views.
  5. 5. Similarities 1. Both domains emerged from the humanistic environment (Curras, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 2. Both domains are in transition (Nitecki, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 3. Both study human behavior in information exchange aiming at the creation of knowledge and ideas (Boyce, as cited in Nitecki, 1995).
  6. 6. 4. Both embrace practitioners who are members of learned societies but are not scientists themselves;  both share the same problems in designing and operating information systems;  both are service oriented and changing fast (vagianos, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 5. Both approaches procure and handle information and apply new technology (Bohnert, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Similarities
  7. 7. 6. Information science is a part of library science, not a separate discipline; its claim to uniqueness has no empirical, philosophical, definitional or sociological evidence (Houser, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 7. Information work is an extension of library work (Ranganathan, as cited in A team of experts, 2005, p.4). Similarities
  8. 8. 8. Librarianship always provided services and at present has merely modified them by adding new hardware. Hence there is a need to add word ‘information’ to the name of the domain ‘librarianship’ (Stokes, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Similarities
  9. 9. 9. Information science has both a pure science component, which inquires into the subject without regard to its application, and an applied science component, which develops services and products.  Librarianship and documentation are applied aspects of information science (Borko-cited in Viswanathan, 2000, p.4). Similarities
  10. 10. 10.The information science is a complex, interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary field which also includes library science (Large, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 11.Librarianship is a part or subset of information science (Foskett, as cited in Similarities
  11. 11. 12.The goal of both is the resolution of human problems. The emphasis of information science on accessibility and usability is the major objective of librarianship. Similarities
  12. 12. 13.Information science is sometimes the deinstitutionalized library science- the library without walls, where  the entire world of information is collection and  the librarian or information scientist is the agent/facilitator who acquires, organizes and disseminates that information (Rubin, 2000, pp.19-20). Similarities
  13. 13. 14.Traditional librarianship (manual systems) is library science while modern librarianship (ICTs-based, etc.) is information science (Fosdick, as cited in Chaudhry, 1992, p.95). 15.Library science is the foundation of information science except the development of computers (Rubin, 2000, p.20). 16.Concepts of information science are integrated with those of library science (Borko, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Similarities
  14. 14. 16.Librarianship bridges the gap between information and its applications (Mathews-cited in Nitecki, 1995). 17.The social role of information science was formulated by its relations to librarianship & other fields (Saracevic-cited in Nitecki, 1995). 18.Library & information science (LIS) provides an interdisciplinary approach for the application of instructional technology to librarianship (Jackson, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Similarities
  15. 15. 19.Librarianship is perceived as a process of fulfilling needs, and extending the study beyond the physical book, its storage and its preservation.  Broadly defined the concept of information science is the same in library information science.  Information science is not only a branch of librarianship in its study of information technology but  also an emerging theoretical foundation for all information agencies in a new discipline of library information science (Stieg, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Similarities
  16. 16. DIFFERENCES Library Science vs Information Science • Different library experts have mentioned the similarities between library science and information science in their own way. • Here are their points.
  17. 17. 1. Both have same objectives but differ in techniques used.  Information science is independent of any particular environment, while  library science depends on parental institution or community.  Information science is not institution-based while  library science is institution/organization- based (Gates, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Differences
  18. 18. 2. Information science deals with information in a factographic (based on facts, not fiction) way regardless of the package/record, e.g., a book or a database, while libraries are often viewed as documentographic, i.e., document-based or recorded information-based including fiction (Kobltz, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Differences
  19. 19. 3. The focus of information science is on the phenomenon of information.  Information science deals with the entire information cycle, from creation to use (Rubin, 2000, pp.19-20), while  library science starts after the creation of information. Differences
  20. 20. 4. Information science is an emerging field which is now a recognized discipline in an increasing number of major universities (Norton, 2000, p.25). 5. Information science investigates properties and behavior of information, its organization, storage, retrieval, interpretation, and utilization.  Library science concentrates on storing and disseminating knowledge contained in documents(Borko, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Differences
  21. 21. 6. Library science structures information sources;  information science assembles, selects, correlates, and analyzes the use of information (Pickup, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). 7. Information science is an inquiry, and library science a service (Wilson, as cited in Nitecki, 1995). Differences
  22. 22. 9. Fosdick conducted selected worldwide analysis of information science curricula considering information science as the study of application of computers to libraries.  He considered information science courses were not taught in library schools before the origin of information science as a field in mid-1960s and the corresponding spread of computerization. (as cited in Chaudhry, 1992, pp.95-96) Differences
  23. 23. Library Science Information Science CONCLUSION Library Science vs Information Science Similarities DifferenceDifference
  24. 24. MLIS-AIOU SPRING 2013 WORKSHOP By: Huma Malik Librarian, Preston University, Islamabad

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