Nudging People at Work and Other 3rd Party Locations<br />Max L. Wilson, Derek Foster, Shaun Lawson, Simon Eddison<br />
Energy Consumption at Work<br />(University of Lincoln)<br />Closed for snow in 2010<br />The weekend<br />
What does that mean?<br />400 kwh - for half a day
= 4500 kwh<br />At 13p a kwh = £650 a day<br />Also that’s about 	2650 ...
UK National Grid<br />Excepts that’s 50,000 MWh (not 500 kWh) for half a day<br />So that’s 100,000 cars off the road for ...
http://www.pleaseyourself-london.com/<br />
Do PINC methods work at work?<br />
Study 1: Water Consumption<br />Motivation<br />Kuznetsov and Paulos
studied these - see CHI2010<br />Ambient Light worked...
Study 1: Water Consumption<br />
Study 1: Water Consumption<br />
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Motivation<br />Limited research carried out in organisational environments, lots of work...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Workplace energy monitoring almost always coupled with complicated presentation of energy...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />What we WONT do!<br />Technical energy graphs and figures<br />Present raw sensor data wi...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />What we WILL do!<br />Using HCI research methodologies we will ensure adherence to a user...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Prototypes currently online consuming live energy data<br />
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Online social applications will be deployed between HE and local authority workplace envi...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Building an open data platform is a core deliverable providing data transparency<br />Dev...
Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Lincoln University Energy  Pachube Feeds:<br />http://www.pachube.com/feeds/24356<br />
Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Workplace environments face different challenges to the domestic domain in nudging behavi...
Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Expression of Self<br />Expression of personal lifestyle including ownership, freedom of ...
Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Sense of Responsibility<br />In the workplace employees are not responsible for paying en...
Persuasion in the Workplace<br />External Constraints<br />The workplace environment has its own business orientated requi...
Conclusion<br />Prior research on nudging assumes individuals have control over their environments, as per domestic scenar...
Questions?<br />
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Nudging People at Work and Other 3rd party locations

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  • (end with) SO THATS GREAT - lets turn nudge people at work.
  • to say - the governments on board, there are EU reports. they want the big-society to work... etc etc etc - see the paper.
  • they suggested novelty effects were the cause. we wanted to find out.
  • aarduino sensors on taps.
  • now lincoln have won a grant to study consumption in the workplace - i’ll pass to Derek
  • Nudging People at Work and Other 3rd party locations

    1. 1. Nudging People at Work and Other 3rd Party Locations<br />Max L. Wilson, Derek Foster, Shaun Lawson, Simon Eddison<br />
    2. 2. Energy Consumption at Work<br />(University of Lincoln)<br />Closed for snow in 2010<br />The weekend<br />
    3. 3. What does that mean?<br />400 kwh - for half a day
= 4500 kwh<br />At 13p a kwh = £650 a day<br />Also that’s about 2650 kg CO2 a day<br />A car produces 2kg per litre – that’s 1300 litres<br />That’s ~23 tanks of my car - so that’s my car for 1 year<br />
    4. 4. UK National Grid<br />Excepts that’s 50,000 MWh (not 500 kWh) for half a day<br />So that’s 100,000 cars off the road for a year<br />Per day<br />
    5. 5. http://www.pleaseyourself-london.com/<br />
    6. 6. Do PINC methods work at work?<br />
    7. 7. Study 1: Water Consumption<br />Motivation<br />Kuznetsov and Paulos
studied these - see CHI2010<br />Ambient Light worked great
in the home<br />but it doubled consumption
in a shared space.<br />
    8. 8. Study 1: Water Consumption<br />
    9. 9. Study 1: Water Consumption<br />
    10. 10. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Motivation<br />Limited research carried out in organisational environments, lots of work done in the domestic environment…..<br />Siero et al demonstrated consumption can be reduced in the workplace when competition is introduced<br />
    11. 11. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Workplace energy monitoring almost always coupled with complicated presentation of energy data<br />Most systems designed for ‘Corporate’ types with business objectives<br />Limited scope for end-user behaviour change through monitoring software<br />Energy data bound to proprietary software, usually for analytical purposes<br />
    12. 12. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />What we WONT do!<br />Technical energy graphs and figures<br />Present raw sensor data with Co2 tonnage<br />These are easy to implement but not meaningful to average user<br />
    13. 13. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />What we WILL do!<br />Using HCI research methodologies we will ensure adherence to a user-centred design process. <br />Participatory design workshops will be carried out involving users to understand energy perception and visual feedback.<br />
    14. 14. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Prototypes currently online consuming live energy data<br />
    15. 15. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Online social applications will be deployed between HE and local authority workplace environments in the Lincolnshire (and beyond) to foster collaborative engagement<br />Campus buildings<br />Student Housing<br />Local Authority buildings<br />
    16. 16. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Building an open data platform is a core deliverable providing data transparency<br />Developers have the opportunity to consume the data freely bringing unlimited creativity to the table <br />
    17. 17. Study 2: Energy Consumption<br />Lincoln University Energy Pachube Feeds:<br />http://www.pachube.com/feeds/24356<br />
    18. 18. Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Workplace environments face different challenges to the domestic domain in nudging behaviors<br />We have identified 3 different dimensions in how workplace and domestic environment differ, these are:<br />Expression of Self<br />Sense of Responsibility<br />External Constraints<br />
    19. 19. Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Expression of Self<br />Expression of personal lifestyle including ownership, freedom of choice and pro-environmental beliefs are constrained<br />Individual may be committed to pro-environmental behaviour when at home but is forced to carry out workplace practices that conflict with personal beliefs<br />Recycle!<br />Landfill!<br />
    20. 20. Persuasion in the Workplace<br />Sense of Responsibility<br />In the workplace employees are not responsible for paying energy costs or any other eco-impact activities<br />As a result they have a diminished sense of responsibility<br />Heating on full and it’s summertime!<br />Bit cold in here……….<br />
    21. 21. Persuasion in the Workplace<br />External Constraints<br />The workplace environment has its own business orientated requirements that need to be met.<br />Services may may need to maintain 24-7-365 server support to ensure business continuity. <br />Effects daily business may mean employees use multiple energy-intensive machines, such as several PC’s and monitors for their personal job activities alone<br />
    22. 22. Conclusion<br />Prior research on nudging assumes individuals have control over their environments, as per domestic scenarios.<br />Aim to investigate how Nudging fares in organisational environments that are typically outside of an individuals control. <br />Research important for larger organisations who want to improve their collective behaviour, whether it is a business trying to reduce its own consumption or meet it’s quota of carbon credits, or a government trying to reduce the nation’s consumption.<br />
    23. 23. Questions?<br />

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