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Bca awareness


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A presentation to explain facts and prevention of Breast Cancer

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Bca awareness

  1. 1. Breast CancerBreast Cancer AwarenessAwareness Alpha Tau XiAlpha Tau Xi PresentationPresentation
  2. 2. First Facts • Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. • Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death among women.
  3. 3. Who is Affected? • One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. • Although breast cancer in men is rare, an estimated 2,150 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately 410 will die each year.
  4. 4. Breast Cancer in the U.S. • Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women • Each year it is estimated that over 220,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 40,000 will die.
  5. 5. Global Outlook • breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide • hundreds of thousands of women each year are affected in countries at all levels of modernization.
  6. 6. Good News about Breast Cancer • Death rates from breast cancer have been declining since about 1990, in part to better due to screening and early detection, increased awareness, and continually improving treatment options.
  7. 7. Should We Try Harder? • Majority of the funding goes to science aimed at treating the disease. • Five percent goes to prevention efforts.
  8. 8. Try Harder Cont’d • Mortality rates plummeted in the 1990s, when mammograms first became widely used, they’ve declined less than 3 percent a year since then. • Researchers get funding and tenure by publishing papers, not looking for a cure.
  9. 9. Always Stay Aware • Even with the lowered rates of breast cancer, always stay aware of your body. • A breast self exam is a check-up a woman does at home.
  10. 10. Breast Self Exam Cont’d • The best time to do a self breast exam is about 3 - 5 days after your period starts • Your breasts are not as tender or lumpy at this time in your monthly cycle. • If you have gone through menopause, do your exam on the same day every month.
  11. 11. How to Do Self Checks • Place your right hand behind your head. With the middle fingers of your left hand, gently yet firmly press down using small motions to examine the entire right breast. • Next, sit or stand. Feel your armpit, because breast tissue goes into that area. • Gently squeeze the nipple, checking for discharge. Repeat the process on the left breast. • Use one of the patterns shown in the diagram to make sure that you are covering all of the breast tissue.
  12. 12. How-to Cont’d • Look at your breasts directly and in the mirror. Look for changes in skin texture, such as dimpling, puckering, indentations, or skin that looks like an orange peel. • Also note the shape and outline of each breast. • Check to see if the nipple turns inward.
  13. 13. Example
  14. 14. Prevention • Self checks are the best way to avoid tragic results • Educate yourself • Learn more about your body
  15. 15. References • • Medline Plus 2013