Chpt7 humanecology


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Chpt7 humanecology

  1. 1. We will review howhumans are hurting & helping theenvironment
  2. 2. living things( ) nonliving things ( )
  3. 3. The . Ex: rockstemperature, sunlight, water, air wind etc.
  4. 4. The Earth’s ex: frogs, trees, birds, fish, thedecomposers, !
  5. 5. Limited resources:
  6. 6. such as oil, coal, iron ore,aluminum, food and soil…..
  7. 7. of resources:.
  8. 8. in areasonable amount of time. .
  9. 9. Sunlight is renewable because the sun shines everyday.
  10. 10. Animals are renewable because they make babies
  11. 11. Plants are renewable because we can plant seeds.
  12. 12. Water is renewable because of the water cycle.
  13. 13. in a reasonable amount of time.ex: fossil fuels and minerals.
  14. 14. Fossil fuels ( coal, petroleum, oil & natural gas)took millions of years to form from ancient plants& animals. They CANNOT be recreated once they are used up!!!!!
  15. 15. Minerals (iron ore, aluminum, silver etc) were madebillions of years ago in stars that went supernova! when they are depleted (used up), they cannot be renewed.
  16. 16. Preserving natural resources: , and
  17. 17. :• Turn off lights you DON’T need.• Walk or bike ride instead of driving.• Use renewable (alternative) energy like solar power, wind-power or water power.• Carpool• Take public transportation
  18. 18. Turn off lights when you don’t need them.
  19. 19. Use wind power
  20. 20. Use solar energy or water power
  21. 21. Find alternate means of transportation…
  22. 22. walk
  23. 23. or ride a bike
  24. 24. Take public transportation.
  25. 25. Carpool!
  26. 26. carpool
  27. 27. Humans think that we are apartfrom nature, because we have technology. But humans rely on the natural processes of nature to keep us alive.
  28. 28. a natural process called photosynthesis makes our oxygen (and food).
  29. 29. Weathering and erosion created the soil we use to grow our crops.
  30. 30. The water cycle provides our drinking water.
  31. 31. The nuclear fusion in the sun createsthe sunlight that heats and powers our ecosystem.
  32. 32. Now answer 1- 15
  33. 33. What are the following pictures saying?
  34. 34. The human population has growntremendously in the last few centuries.
  35. 35. Technology is the cause of human population growth.
  36. 36. better food, medical care, better sanitation have helpedhumans to live longer and have more children that survive to adulthood.
  37. 37. The increase in human population has hurt the environment and endangered other species.
  38. 38. This graph shows organisms atequilibrium around the environment’s carrying capacity….
  39. 39. Humans live beyond Earth’s carrying capacity!
  40. 40. When the human population increases: they cut down forests, destroy grasslandsand wild areas to build apartment houses,schools, shopping malls, make more farms, build factories etc…
  41. 41. As the human population increase,pollution, habitat-destruction and mass extinctions increase!
  42. 42. Now answer 16- 24.
  43. 43. Human activities can be harmful for the environment: Deforestation, over harvesting, introduction ofimported (invasive) species, pesticides use, fertilizeruse, air pollution, water pollution, industrial wastes,
  44. 44. 1. deforestation: destroying forests by cutting down many many trees.
  45. 45. Deforestation destroys animal’s habitats,increase carbon dioxide in air, destroysrare species and new medicinal plants..
  46. 46. Solutions to deforestation: • Cut down less trees. • plant more trees to replace cut ones. • Pass laws to prevent over harvesting of trees. • Created protected forest areas where NO ONE can cut.
  47. 47. 2.Over harvesting (Over hunting, over fishing): exploiting an organism too much. Ex: elephants killed for tusks and left to rot!
  48. 48. Over harvesting (Over hunting, over fishing) can lead to endangered or extinct species. Ex: elephants killed for tusks and left to rot!
  49. 49. Solutions to Over harvesting (Over hunting, over fishing): • Pass laws to protect animals. • Do not hunt too many animals. • Create protected areas for animals.
  50. 50. 3. Imported species (invasive species):taking animals from their natural home and putting them in a new environment without any natural predators.
  51. 51. Examples of Imported species: rabbits & the Cane toads in Australia.
  52. 52. 24 European rabbits were brought on purpose to Australia, they had no natural enemies. They bred and bred and bred until there were thousands (millions?) they almost destroyed Australia’s ecosystem .
  53. 53. cane toads were brought on purpose to Australia, they had no natural enemies. They bred and bred and bred until there were thousands (millions?) they almost destroyed Australia’s ecosystem .
  54. 54. sometimes imported species are brought by accident: the zebra mussel, gypsy moth, Japanese beetle, the fire ants.
  55. 55. sometimes imported species are brought by accident: the zebra mussel, gypsy moth, Japanese beetle, the fire ants. All are threats in their new environments!
  56. 56. Solution to imported (invasive ) species:• Don’t remove animals or plants from their natural habitats.• Pass laws against importing species.
  57. 57. Now answer 25- 47.
  58. 58. Pests threaten our food, our crops, our health and are just “yucky”…
  59. 59. Pesticides have helped us get rid of weeds.
  60. 60. Pesticides (bug spray) has helpedhumans to fight against pests…..
  61. 61. But pesticides don’t only kill the pests, they are harmful to other organisms too! If it can kill the bugs, it can kill anything! Including me!
  62. 62. the pesticides are poisons get into the ecosystem, poisoning “innocent” life forms, even Ifhumans. ! it can kill the bugs, it can kill anything! Including me!
  63. 63. “innocent” organisms face extinction because of pesticide spraying; also some pests have evolve immunity against the pesticides! If it can kill the bugs, it can kill anything! Including me!
  64. 64. Now answer 48- 55
  65. 65. Technology: has improved thequality of life for humans…
  66. 66. Humans need electricity to run ourmachines…. But there are tradeoffs (consequences)
  67. 67. Producing electricity (a good thing) ismostly made in “bad ways”: burning fossil fuels & nuclear energy.
  68. 68. The Fossil fuels are coal, oil, gasoline and natural gas…
  69. 69. Burning fossils fuel releases carbondioxide (CO2) and other “greenhouse gases”.
  70. 70. Nuclear energy does NOT pollute theair, but the radioactive wastes remainsdeadly for tens of thousands of years!
  71. 71. Solutions: make electricity using alternative sources:• Solar energy• Wind power• Hydroelectric (water) power.• Conserve electricity (turn off lights/appliances when you DON’T need then)
  72. 72. industrialization has improvedthe quality of life for humans…
  73. 73. Factories produce clothes, TV’s, DVD’s, computers, furniture… But there are trade-off (negative consequences)….
  74. 74. Factories produce air pollution, water pollution, solid waste.
  75. 75. Air pollution: poisonous gases released into the air from factories or from cars.
  76. 76. Air pollution is bad because it: causesglobal warming, ozone layer- depletion & acid rain!
  77. 77. global warming: carbon dioxide (CO2) andother greenhouse gases are raising average global temperatures; leading to severe unpredictable weather, the ice caps melting, rising sea levels and flooding.
  78. 78. CO2 levels have risen tremendously inmodern times. This is associated with global warming!
  79. 79. Before After?
  80. 80. The ozone layer protects us from UV radiation.
  81. 81. CFC gases from spray cans deplete (destroy) the ozone layer. levels of skin cancer may rise without ozone layer protection!
  82. 82. acid rain: car exhaust, factory smoke, forest fire smoke add chemicals to the air. Thechemicals mix in the clouds and fall as acid rain.
  83. 83. Acid rain is bad because it destroysplants, kills fish when it gets in waterand damages statues and buildings
  84. 84. Solutions to air pollution.• Don’t pollution the air.• Make air pollution laws.• Don’t use spray cans that have CFC’s in them.• Recycle.• Plant trees to take CO2 from the air.• Build less factories.• Electric cars that don’t pollute.
  85. 85. Water pollution: some factories producewastes, which are dumped into the lakes, rivers and oceans.
  86. 86. Solutions to water pollution:• Don’t pollute the water.• Recycle.• Build less factories.• Treat sewage.
  87. 87. Fertilizers help our plants to grow.
  88. 88. Sometimes fertilizers wash into our rivers, lakes and oceans when it rains… the fertilizers kill fish or cause toxic algal blooms that also kill fish.
  89. 89. Solutions:• Avoid over use of fertilizers.• Be careful not to let fertilizers wash into lakes, rivers or oceans.
  90. 90. Now complete 88- 117.