Key Recommendations fromInquiries for planning & building inbushfire prone areas
National Strategy for DisasterResilience• Adopted by Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in early 2011• Looks at reducing the impact of natural disasters in medium to long term• Recognises that land use planning and building controls reduce, as far as is practicable, community exposure to unreasonable risks from known hazards
Victorian Bushfires RoyalCommission• Culmination of an 18-month inquiry into the Victorian fires of 2009, which killed 173 people.• 67 Recommendations in total: Recommendations 37- 55 deal with Planning and Building• Key recommendations for land use planning are 39, 40 and 45• Key recommendations for building are 47, 48, 49 and 52
Planning Recommendations (summary)• Recommendation 39 • Ensure provisions give priority to protection of human life, adopt a clear objective of substantially restricting development in areas of highest bush fire risk (with due consideration to biodiversity conservation) and provide clear guidance for decision makers• Recommendation 45 • Incorporate bush fire risk management in their planning policies and strategies for rebuilding communities
Planning Recommendations(summary)Recommendation 40– Guidelines should• substantially restrict new developments and subdivisions in areas of highest bush fire risk• set out guidelines for assessing permit applications for dwellings, non-dwellings and subdivisions)• approve new developments and subdivisions only if recommended bush fire protection measures are created and maintained on a continuing basis• emphasise the need for enduring permit conditions.
Building Recommendations (Summary)• Recommendation 47• Amend the objective of AS 3959-2009, Construction of Buildings in Bushfire-prone Areas, to ensure it incorporates reducing the risk of ignition from ember attack• Recommendation 48• Amend performance requirements in the Building Code of Australia to ensure they incorporate reducing the risk of ignition from ember attack• Amend the Building Code of Australia to remove deemed-to-satisfy provisions for the construction of buildings in BAL-FZ (the Flame Zone)
Building Recommendations(Summary)• Recommendation 49 • remove deemed-to-satisfy provisions for the construction of buildings in BAL-FZ (the Flame Zone) • apply bush fire construction provisions to non-residential buildings that will be occupied by people who are particularly vulnerable to bush fire attack, such as schools, child care centres, hospitals and aged care facilities • other than in exceptional circumstances, apply minimum BAL-12.5 (AS 3959-2009) to all development• Recommendation 52 • Develop and implement a mechanism for sign-off of any permit conditions imposed and the regular assessment of landowners’ compliance with conditions.
Keelty Review - Perth Hills Bushfire2011• Highlighted the shared responsibility of communities, local government and stage government agencies to build community resilience• 55 Recommendations• Key recommendations for planning and building are recommendations 3, 4, 39, and 40
Planning Recommendations(Summary)• Recommendation 3 • The declarations of bushfire prone areas be transferred from local government to the Western Australian Planning Commission• Recommendation 40 • The State Government mandate that the title deeds for relevant properties be amended to indicate if the property is in a declared bushfire prone area
Building recommendations(Summary)• Recommendation 8 • State and local governments – Recognise that regardless of future declarations of bushfire prone areas, the existing planning and building problems in the Perth Hills related to bsufhire risk will persist – Urge residents in these areas to retrofit their homes and evaporative air conditions in compliance with AS3959- 2009 – Examine options to retrospectively bring these areas into compliance with Planning for Bushfire Protection Guidelines