iResearch - The Research Process


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Follow this six stage process to create great research projects.

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iResearch - The Research Process

  1. 1. The Research ProcessA six step research inquiry process
  2. 2. The Information Process Six steps to help you do “great research” Defining What do I need to find out? Locating Where will I find the information I need? Selecting How will I select the information I need? Organising How will I organise the information? Presenting How will I present the information? How well did I do? What did I do well? Evaluating What do I need to improve on?2
  3. 3. Defining the task Know exactly what it is that you are required to do. When you first get your research project, it is worth spending the time getting REALLY CLEAR on what you are expected to do. It will make the other stages of the process much easier. Here are five questions you should answer before you start.3
  4. 4. The question is the answer The questions you create will define how you approach your research. Great questions will lead to great research. Brainstorming / Focus Questions • KWL Chart Mindmapping •5W’s This charts lets you : This is a great way to •The Question Matrix • Identify what you see how your brain •Bloom’s Taxonomy already know EXPANDS ideas •Six Thinking Hats • Identify what you about the topic. It shows how you want to know think.4
  5. 5. In the DEFINING stage….. In the DEFINING stage mind maps are especially good to: •Document all of the existing knowledge you have a about a topic; •Begin to see connections and links between different aspects of the topic; •See where there are gaps in your information; •Use focus questions to formulate appropriate questions that you want to find the answers to; and •Provide a VISUAL MAP of your thinking process You can add to the mind map as you discover more information or make new connections in your thinking.5
  6. 6. The 5 W’s Here are five basic questions you can start with. WHO? This question is about people. WHAT? This question refers to facts. WHERE? This question refers to a location or place. This question refers to a time (past., present, WHEN? future or situation). This question asks about a reason, cause, WHY? explanation, justification. This question is hypothetical – asking WHAT IF? you to predict something based on a set of circumstances.6
  7. 7. The Question Matrix The Question Matrix is a grid that allows you to categorise your questions against a number of contexts . It is a great tool to help you develop your focus questions7
  8. 8. Locating Resources When doing your research you will find that different sources have a different purpose and audience. For example an encyclopedia article is very different to a journal article which is different again to a brochure. Pick the information source that best suits your task.8
  9. 9. Sources of information Different ways of looking at informationThere are many differentsources of information. Tryto utilise all of these whenyou get the opportunity.Do NOT underestimate thevalue of primary sources.More and more theinternet is taking primarysources and convertingthem to an electronicform:•Virtual Tours•Videos of interviews•Digital versions of “real”documents”9
  10. 10. Graphic Organisers Some of the Graphic Organisers you might like to use in this stage of your research project are: Semantic This helps you compare similar features across Grid a number of criteria. Lets you compare two things in colums T-Chart Lets you look at something in terms of PLUS, PMI Chart MINUS, INTERESTING Let’s you sequence steps in a process. Flow Chart Could be set of instructions, recipe, timeline Venn Allows you to compare and contrast two Diagram things to identify similarities an differences Six Thinking Let’s you look at a topic in six different Hats ways according to a colored hat. You can find examples of all these and more in10
  11. 11. Organising information When you have located your information and taken your notes you need to answer these questions: You need to go back to your original task and focus questions to see if the information you have collected will satisfy your task. If you don’t have enough information then you need to go back to step two – Locating information.11
  12. 12. Presenting information The way you present your information will depend upon: • Your research task requirements Is the presentation format set or can you choose how you present your work? •Your audience Who are you presenting the work to? Is your presentation format relevant? •The purpose of the task What was the purpose of the task? To inform? To entertain? To persuade?12
  13. 13. Presenting information Here are just a few presentation ideasthat you might like to try for your final product / presentation. They can be traditional or digital Also check out the ‘Creative Output” module n iResearch for some great presentation ideas.13
  14. 14. Evaluating This is probably one of the most important stages of the whole research process because it helps you to work out how well you did. Here are some questions you can ask? 1.What did I learn from this task? 2.How is this learning going to help me? 3.Did I answer all of my focus questions? 4.How well did I go at each stage? 5.How well did I present my information? 6.What did I really do well? 7.What needs to be improved next time?14
  15. 15. Don’t forget to reference!!This really shouldn’t come at the end…..• It is really important that you REFERENCE every source of information you use for your project or Canfield, J. & Healy, K. assignment. 2008, The success principles for teens,• Check out “Making Referencing Real” in Health the iResearch Communications, Inc., Module to learn how to do that. London.• Here is an example of what it looks like for a book. 15
  16. 16. Where to from here? OK, you have done your research project. So now what? Celebrate your success!! Think about ways you Focus on what you can build on what want to improve for you have learnt to next time. make your next project bigger and But most of better. all…have fun with your research!!16