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3D Printing in Education

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This presentation explores how 3D printers can be used in the curriculum.

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3D Printing in Education

  1. 1. 3D Printing in Education Leonie McIlvenny
  2. 2. “3D printing has the potential to revolutionize the way we make almost anything” Barack Obama, US President “I see this as nothing less than the start of a new “industrial revolution” Janne Kyttanen, Freedom of Creation co-founder
  3. 3. Known in industrial circles as rapid prototyping, 3D printing refers to technologies that construct physical objects from three-dimensional (3D) digital content such as 3D modeling software, computer-aided design (CAD) tools, computer- aided tomography (CAT), and X-ray crystallography. A 3D printer builds a tangible model or prototype from the electronic file, one layer at a time, through an extrusion-like process using plastics and other flexible materials, or an inkjet-like process to spray a bonding agent onto a very thin layer of fixable powder. Using different materials and bonding agents, color can be applied, and parts can be rendered in plastic, resin, metal, tissue, and even food. This technology is commonly used in manufacturing to build prototypes of almost any object that can be conveyed in three dimensions. The Horizon Report, 2015
  4. 4. Printing materials
  5. 5. Relevance for Teaching, Learning, or Creative Inquiry One of the most significant aspects of 3D printing for education is that it enables more authentic exploration of objects and concepts that may not be readily available to schools. For math, it can help students visualize graphs and mathematical models; in geography, 3D printing can help students better understand geological formations at scale; and in history, replicas of ancient artifacts can enable more hands-on learning. Literature classes can also benefit from the ability to enable a deeper exploration of concepts. Indeed, 3D printing is a promising new way for artistic expression and scientific concepts to come together to encourage STEAM learning. The Horizon Report K-12, 2015
  6. 6. Technology Outlook: STEM + Education 2013-2018 3D printing is relevant in teaching and learning as a way to enable more authentic exploration of objects that may not be readily available to teachers and students; it provides a means to let students handle fragile objects such as fossils and artifacts that can be fairly quickly prototyped and printed out; and it opens up new possibilities for learning activities.
  7. 7. 3D Printing revolutionising the classroom
  8. 8. Linking 3D printing in industries to education Engineering and Construction Medical and Dental Industrial and Design Education
  9. 9. https://frankdiana.files.wordpress.com/2014/07/disruptive-scenarios.jpg?w=735&h=436 Disruptive technology: the growth of 3D printing
  10. 10. The growth of 3D printing 2014 - $3.0B 3D printing as an emerging industry with strong potential 2017 - $9.0B More commonplace in many industries, gradually replacing current methods. Emerging as an educational tool 2020 - $21.0B 3D Printing in both home, education and many industries are the predominant prototype, model and fabrication method used.
  11. 11. • 3D printers improve CAD software proficiency - students can now test their designs and evaluate the pro • 3D printers result in tangible objects for many curricular – these objects can be used over and over again and provide cheap models (heart, frog dissection etc.) • 3D printing can aid in the development of spatial intelligence – this allows for complex mathematical equation to be made into tangible objects that can be manipulated • A 3D model can bridge an important gap – a 3D printed object held in the hands of the student-designer can bridge the gap between simple visual perception and three-dimensional spatial visualisation, and therefore incite a paradigm shift. What can 3D printing do to help revolutionise learning?
  12. 12. • 3D printers are now affordable • 3D printers introduce students to modern additive manufacturing processes – 3D printing allows students to experience first hand the design, prototyping and manufacturing process. • 3D printing brings real world problems and solutions into the classroom. • 3D printing allows students to not only learn about innovation, invention, design and manufacturer but they can now become innovators, inventors, designers and manufacturers within the realm of the classroom while interacting with and contributing to a global network of designers. What can 3D printing do to help revolutionise learning?
  13. 13. Preparing students for new technologies which are becoming increasingly commonplace in a diverse range of industries Supporting innovative and stimulating ways of teaching STEM and related subjects 3D printing in the education space
  14. 14. Improving levels of pupil motivation when associated with 3D printing Enabling links to be made between mathematics, design and physics similar to ‘sound’ enabling between music and physics. 3D printing in the education space Providing authentic learning opportunities for students with ‘real world’ applications
  15. 15. ISTE Standards for Students Innovative Designer One of these standards, Innovative Designer directly links to the use of 3D printing as a process which allows students to create innovative solutions to problems. The skills and knowledge articulated in this standards are: Students use a variety of technologies within a design process to identify and solve problems by creating new, useful or imaginative solutions.
  16. 16. ISTE Standards for Students Innovative Designer One of these standards, Innovative Designer directly links to the use of 3D printing as a process which allows students to create innovative solutions to problems. The skills and knowledge articulated in this standards are: Students use a variety of technologies within a design process to identify and solve problems by creating new, useful or imaginative solutions. 4a Students know and use a deliberate design process for generating ideas, testing theories, creating innovative artifacts or solving authentic problems. 4b Students select and use digital tools to plan and manage a design process that considers design constraints and calculated risks. 4c Students develop, test and refine prototypes as part of a cyclical design process. 4d Students exhibit a tolerance for ambiguity, perseverance and the capacity to work with open-ended problems.
  17. 17. Australian Curriculum
  18. 18. Australian Curriculum
  19. 19. Australian Curriculum
  20. 20. Some current thoughts on 3D printing in schools Teachers say: I don’t really understand how this ties in to learning Principals say: It is expensive and complicated to implement Parents say: We think it will be important in the future Students say: This is awesome! I really wish I could use a 3D printer
  21. 21. 3 contexts for teaching about 3D Printing Learning about the affordances of 3D printing Learning the practical skills related to3D printing Designing 3D objects, prototyping and testing
  22. 22. Videos that can be used to teach students about the affordances of 3D Printing
  23. 23. Ideally suited to ‘project’ type of work where learning comes from an investigation or construction type project. Students can develop at their own pace to the new technologies of 3D design, CAD modelling and printing Students can develop at their own pace to the new technologies of 3D design, CAD modelling and printing
  24. 24. Approaches need to encourage thinking, reasoning and understanding of their subject Encourages cross-curricular teaching. For example a DT teacher may assist with a Maths and Science activity. Moves pupils away from practicality of design and allows more opportunity to see how Maths and science are an integral part of the process.
  25. 25. Free Software Key Software and Lesson Plans Learning Hardware Lessons and Projects Ongoing Support
  26. 26. Brainpop 3D Printing Unit
  27. 27. Key Software and Lesson Plans
  28. 28. Geography models from Thingiverse
  29. 29. 3D printed Mathematical models
  30. 30. 3D Models from Thingiverse
  31. 31. 3D printing technology is advancing at a rapid pace, but it is difficult to find or create 3D- printable models that are scientifically accurate or medically applicable. The NIH 3D Print Exchange provides models in formats that are readily compatible with 3D printers, and offers a unique set of tools to create and share 3D-printable models related to biomedical science.
  32. 32. Exploring Lesson Activities
  33. 33. Tinkercad
  34. 34. Exploring Lesson Activities
  35. 35. Exploring Lesson Activities
  36. 36. Exploring Lesson Activities
  37. 37. STEM Career Pack– 3 D Printing STEM Career Packs provide teachers with a sequential set of tasks and information, including interviews, to take into the classroom. The Packs are aimed at: helping students to understand the nature of scientific knowledge, how science influences society and how society influences science (i.e. Australian Curriculum: Science, Science as a Human Endeavour
  38. 38. STEM Career Pack– 3 D Printing
  39. 39. STEM Career Pack– 3 D Printing
  40. 40. STEM Career Pack– 3 D Printing
  41. 41. Key benefits of 3D Printing in Education Achievement General improvement in achievement levels. Assist those with poor focus to understand subject issues. Insight & Interest Heightened interest in subjects and desire to learn across all subjects. Excellent mechanism for a STEM approach. Industry Relevance A future ‘trade’ tool for many industries including medical, dental, engineering, construction and design. No Limits Allows more advanced students to explore their full potential of learning as well as support through a scaffolded approach those weaker students.
  42. 42. For 3D printing to gain additional traction in schools adequate training is needed to ensure teachers and students have the digital competency needed to turn their ideas into reality. In Massachusetts, Sizer School leaders recognized that piloting a 3D printing program required exposing as many students and teachers as possible to the new tools, but they did it in a very structured manner. By partnering with NVBOTS, a company that provides end-to-end 3D printing solutions for schools, Sizer School was able to administer in-depth training to two teachers and six students so that at least one student printer-technician and one teacher administrator was present in each class. This type of training and management was critical to enabling teachers and students to learn 3D design and printing and incorporate it more seamlessly into lesson plans. Substantial growth of 3D printing in schools around the world is anticipated; for example, the Chinese government has created new policy that will install a 3D printer in nearly 400,00 schools over the next two years. The Horizon Report K-12 2015
  43. 43. Trainer Needs Training across all subject departments is likely and may include: • The need for general CAD skills development, particularly in non DT departments • Familisraisation with content, how this links to STEM elements and the ability to develop learning strategies • Printer setup and demonstration by experienced groups • Ability to troubleshoot issues with CAD or printers and ‘keep the class going’ • Off timetable practice periods to experiment and trial what has been leant • Managing the printing schedule of a class set of objects.
  44. 44. Technical support on all aspects of the 3D Printing experience as well as links to 3D printing in industries Ongoing lesson plans, tuition and digital models The role of a 3D Printing Industry Partner 3D Printing Service or printer Supply Ongoing back-up and support
  45. 45. http://3dprintingforeducation.weebly.com
  46. 46. leoniem@westnet.com.au Questions?

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