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Perspectives in Huck Finn: part 2

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Themes and perspectives???

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Perspectives in Huck Finn: part 2

  1. 1. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
  2. 2.  “Theme(s)” is the single-word, ‘general’ term used to refer to a single idea.  The single word “theme” does not make a specific and deeper statement about the single idea (or theme).  Another way of thinking about a theme is to substitute the word “theme” for a full sentence… which states a position about…  Concepts  Subjects  Social values and attitudes  Cultural values and attitudes  Political values and attitudes  Core (personal) values and attitudes  “Big Ideas” … in any form of text (fiction or non-fiction)/ Themes?
  3. 3.  Can you use the word “theme” in your analysis of perspectives in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn?  Yes – you can   However, in order to show more specific knowledge - and a deeper understanding - of the the text and its perspectives, you should try to compose clear statements about perspectives of the theme. For instance…
  4. 4. Option 1. Using the word ‘theme’: In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain’s characterisation explores the theme of freedom. This statement states the theme (freedom). It doesn’t state anything specific about the perspectives or attitudes about freedom. OR Option 2. Integrating terminology from Unit 4… and specific knowledge and understanding of the novel: In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Twain’s characterisation explores contrasting perspectives about individual freedom in the Mississippi River valley (1884).
  5. 5.  In your analysis of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn - your job is to: 1. Choose the theme(s) that you “get” the most 2. Choose the MAIN characters who develop the theme(s) you have selected 3. Figure-out what the MAIN characters’ different perspectives are on the theme(s)  Remember… it’s the characters who have perspectives – not the events or themes!! 4. Find and analyse the quotes that ‘show’ the different perspectives of the theme(s) Themes… and “Perspectives”???
  6. 6. Themes Mark Twain described the major theme of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn as “A sound heart and a deformed conscience come into collision, and conscience suffers defeat.” “A sound heart” •  a good, honest heart. “A deformed conscience” •  a conscience influenced by the laws of society and a sense of duty toward those laws •  a ‘broken’ moral compass •  justifying doing the “wrong” thing by stating how it will make something right • Is Huck honest? • Is he a liar? • What is his perspective about the value of honesty? FIND QUOTES TO PROVE YOUR ANSWERS!
  7. 7.  Racism  Wealth and respectability  Intellectual formal education  Honesty Vs Pretense/deceit  The justice of the natural environment  The “Civilized” Society  Freedom  Slavery  Family values  Loyalty and friendship FIND QUOTES TO SHOW Huck’s + one other character’s perspective of these themes/concepts You will not be able to analyse ALL of these themes… choose one or two. I would advise against choosing more than three themes.
  8. 8. Huck perceives that “sivilized” society restrictive and oppressive.  “sivilized” to Huck means loss of individual freedom (for the sake of the ‘greater good’ of an orderly society) 1. Quote / evidence: “____________________________________________ ____________________________” 2. Literary devices in quote / evidence: 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 3. Effect of the literary devices in the evidence which shows this particular perspective: ___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________
  9. 9.  What does ‘civilized’ society mean to other characters in the novel?? 1. Quote / evidence: “____________________________________________ ____________________________” 2. Literary devices in quote / evidence: 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 3. Effect of the literary devices in the evidence which shows this particular perspective: ___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Huck perceives that “sivilized” society restrictive and oppressive.
  10. 10.  Huck liked school, yet found it too restrictive. 1. Quote / evidence: “____________________________________________ ____________________________” 2. Literary devices in quote / evidence: 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 3. Effect of the literary devices in the evidence which shows this particular perspective: ___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________
  11. 11.  Huck is an intelligent boy who actually values learning. 1. Quote / evidence: “____________________________________________ ____________________________” 2. Literary devices in quote / evidence: 1. ________ 2. ________ 3. ________ 3. Effect of the literary devices in the evidence which shows this particular perspective: ___________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ FIND another character’s perspective about education. 1. Quote / evidence: “____________________________________________ ____________________________” 2. Literary devices in quote / evidence: 1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 3. Effect of the literary devices in the evidence which shows this particular perspective: ___________________ ______________________________________________________________
  12. 12. Vernacular & Dialect (Literary devices) 1. Vernacular and dialect play an important role in Realistic Literature. 2. Mark Twain’s phonetic technique of vernacular and dialect allows him to develop ‘believable’ and realistic characters.  People in the South (USA) speak English with an accent and vernacular that is distinct to that region of the United States  However, it isn't just an accent that makes Southern English different. USA Southerners also speak vernacular and a DIALECT of English. In particular, Jim (and the Negros) are characterized with their own slave dialect.  A "dialect" is a form of a language that has its own grammar, spelling and vocabulary.
  13. 13. Motifs (literary device)  Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or symbols which develop characters, plot and perspectives. Some motifs include: 1. Childhood • Huck’s youth is an important factor in his moral education; only a child is open-minded enough to undergo the kind of development that Huck does. 2. Lies, pretense and Cons • Huckleberry Finn is full of malicious lies and scams; the lies are bad and hurt a number of innocent people. 3. Superstitions and Folk Beliefs • Jim believes in a wide range of superstitions and folktales; although Huck is reluctant to believe at first, many of the beliefs indeed have some basis in reality. 4. Allusions to romance and adventure texts • The story is full of people who base their lives on romantic literary models and stereotypes of various kinds  Tom Sawyer, for example, bases his life and actions on adventure novels, myths and legends

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