SPELLING
MASTERY
Combining phonemic,
whole-word and
morphemic spelling
approaches in order to
make spelling make sense.
SRA, Direct Instruction
Spelling Mastery

• Delivered in small, explicit steps
• Group and individual responses
• Oral del...
The Approaches
Phonemic Approach
Auditory
Phonics
Syllables
Individual Sounds

Whole-Word Approach
Common Words
High Frequ...
The Phonemic Approach
• Generalise the spellings of many words and
word parts that follow regular spelling
patterns
• Buil...
The Whole-Word Approach
• Spell common, high-frequency words which
are irregular in their letter sounds
• Commit potential...
The Morphemic Approach
• Spell meaningful prefixes, suffixes and word bases
• Combine words and word parts to form multisy...
Morphographs in Action
misspell
mis + spell
wrong + spell
misspell = to spell it wrong
-----------------------------------...
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Some Morphographs

re = again
ing = when you do something
un = not
est = the most
less = wi...
The Morphemic Approach
Whilst people are familiar with
the concepts of prefixes,
suffixes and base words, our
instruction ...
Combining Morphographs

In the morphemic approach, students learn
regular spelling patterns that they can apply
to a great...
Morphographs in Action

Learn these seven morphographs:

re, dis, un, cover, use, ed, and able
You can now spell, read and...
The Evidence

Looking at the NAPLAN data for the steady cohort
of KDHS students from year 5 in 2011 to year 7 in
2013 who ...
Thank You
Phonemic Approach
Auditory
Phonics
Syllables
Individual Sounds

Whole-Word Approach
Common Words
High Frequency ...
Beth Van Dem Ham - Spelling Mastery
Beth Van Dem Ham - Spelling Mastery
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Beth Van Dem Ham - Spelling Mastery

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A presentation from the inaugural TeachMeet Kununurra, held at the Kununurra Community Library on 14 November, 2013

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Beth Van Dem Ham - Spelling Mastery

  1. 1. SPELLING MASTERY Combining phonemic, whole-word and morphemic spelling approaches in order to make spelling make sense.
  2. 2. SRA, Direct Instruction Spelling Mastery • Delivered in small, explicit steps • Group and individual responses • Oral delivery and response solidifies learning • Efficient error correction strategies • Cumulative review
  3. 3. The Approaches Phonemic Approach Auditory Phonics Syllables Individual Sounds Whole-Word Approach Common Words High Frequency Words Homonyms Difficult Words Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  4. 4. The Phonemic Approach • Generalise the spellings of many words and word parts that follow regular spelling patterns • Build a solid foundation of basic spelling knowledge Examples: Phonemic Approach cot Auditory joy Phonics pick Syllables Individual Sounds behind
  5. 5. The Whole-Word Approach • Spell common, high-frequency words which are irregular in their letter sounds • Commit potentially troublesome words to memory Whole-Word Approach Common Words High Frequency Words Homonyms Difficult Words Examples: who friend meet/meat than/then
  6. 6. The Morphemic Approach • Spell meaningful prefixes, suffixes and word bases • Combine words and word parts to form multisyllabic words using a small number of predictable patterns. Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns • All words are made up of morphographs • Morphographs are base words, prefixes and suffixes • A morphograph is the smallest part of a word that has meaning and adds to the meaning of the whole word
  7. 7. Morphographs in Action misspell mis + spell wrong + spell misspell = to spell it wrong -------------------------------------------------------- unrefreshing un + re + fresh + ing not + again + fresh+ when you do something unrefreshing = not making something fresh again Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  8. 8. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Some Morphographs re = again ing = when you do something un = not est = the most less = without mis = wrong ness = that which is able = able to be ed = in the past pre = before er = more; one who ly = how something is de = away from ful = full of en = to make • • • • • • • • • • • • age = that which is al = related to ish = sort of em = to cause to be dis = opposite con = with es = out, away from pro = for, before ive = that which is, having the power of ment = result of doing something Morphemic Approach ion = state or quality Prefixes Suffixes ous = the quality of Base Words & Roots Patterns
  9. 9. The Morphemic Approach Whilst people are familiar with the concepts of prefixes, suffixes and base words, our instruction rarely capitalises on these features that make spelling considerably easier and more logical than it otherwise seems. Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  10. 10. Combining Morphographs In the morphemic approach, students learn regular spelling patterns that they can apply to a great number of words in order to spell them accurately. • When do you drop the final ‘e’ from a word? When the next morphograph begins with a vowel eg. like + able = likable •When do you double the final consonant in a short word? When the word ends ‘cvc’ and the next morphograph begins with a vowel. Morphemic Approach Prefixes eg. swim + ing = swimming Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  11. 11. Morphographs in Action Learn these seven morphographs: re, dis, un, cover, use, ed, and able You can now spell, read and decode over 25 words: recover, recoverable, recovered, unrecoverable, unrecovered, reuse, reusable, reused, coverable, covered, uncover, uncoverable, uncovered, discover, discoverable, discovered, undiscoverable, undiscovered, disuse, disused, used, usable, unused, disable, disabled, etc. Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  12. 12. The Evidence Looking at the NAPLAN data for the steady cohort of KDHS students from year 5 in 2011 to year 7 in 2013 who completed Spelling Mastery Level C, these students improved their spelling result by over the national mean. This is an incredible achievement for students who have underperformed in spelling throughout their entire school lives. Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns
  13. 13. Thank You Phonemic Approach Auditory Phonics Syllables Individual Sounds Whole-Word Approach Common Words High Frequency Words Homonyms Difficult Words Morphemic Approach Prefixes Suffixes Base Words & Roots Patterns

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