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Maturation topic in Psychology

Published in: Education
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  1. 1. Along with growth and learning, maturation is one of three processes that play a central role in a person's development. Maturation does not necessarily happen along with aging or physical growth, but is a part of growth and development. The concept of maturation was pioneered by Arnold Gesell in the 1940s. He emphasized nature's role in human development.
  2. 2. MATURATION is the completion of growth and development within the organism, the unfolding of an individual’s inherent traits or potentials  Organ systems within the body must mature over a certain period of time  Most organs are capable of functioning of birth.  In the process of maturation, we see the interaction of heredity and environment over the course of time.  However , a number of environmental changes and conditions ca affect the onset of puberty.
  3. 3. HEREDITY AND MATURATION  Maturation is not the same as learning, since changes due to maturation and changes are determined by heredity.  Different species of animals have different rates of maturation as a result of heredity.  An eight year-week puppy can run and eat from a dish but an eight year-week baby is still quite helpless and cannot survive.
  4. 4. MOTOR MATURATION AND DEVELOPMENT  During maturation and development of locomotion, the typical infant goes through the sequence and still be considered normal.  A child may progress somewhat faster or slower than this sequence and still be considered normal  It is apparent that development in early life depends on maturation rather than on practice or learning.
  5. 5. MATURATION AND LEARNING The importance of maturation is receiving more and more attention in modern education  Some children are ready at an earlier age than others.  It depends on the environment forces.  In general, we can say that human learning cannot be accounted by solely in terms of maturation, but learning does take place most efficiently when the environmental stimulation is keyed to the degree of maturation of the individual.