RationaleIt is important to engage stakeholders at various stages of ICT planning and implementationShare that it is important to engage the lead team in the development of the plan as they are the key drivers. The plan needs to be translated to actionable targets for each department
There are areas they need to focus when developing the technology planCPA, Teacher/student readiness/competencies, Alignment, & Infrastructure support.
The school’s technology plan should be developed in the context of its vision, mission, strategic thrusts and also in alignment with MOE ICT-related initiatives such as Third Masterplan for ICT (mp3), C2015 outcomes school’s vision and strategic thrusts,
CPARefer participants to their key role as an instructional leader(R&R: Plan, design and model effective use of ICT to support curriculum, pedagogy and assessment.Plan and design learning environments and experience support by ICT)
RationaleDrawing ICT integration into CPAScriptUnder CPA, We examine “What to teach”. As teachers, teachers will consider the curriculum (i.e. what to teach) and in our case we look at our Mathematics Framework. As define by the framework, we hope to develop mathematics problem solvers by equipping our students in 5 areas: skills, concepts, processes, attitudes and metacognitionNext “how to teach”, refers as how we deliver the content to our students. Hence as teachers, we will need to weave in the appropriate instructional approach to help our students understand the subject content matter.Last by not least, we have to find out if our students have learnt. Hence as teachers, we need to design both formative and summative assessments to monitor our students’ learning progress.For curriculum design, we have to consider the curriculum triangle CPACurriculum/SOW/Syllabus/AssessmentHow is ICT embedded in the curriculum to enhance students’ learning?How will the use of technology support the teaching and learning processes? How would it impact learning outcomes?
ScriptFor meaningful ICT integration in order to ensure that technology is not being used for the sake of using, we have to consider the region which would provide the greatest educational leverage. This is what we would refer to as TPACK. e.g. Use of digital manipulatives in the case of area of triangle could help students understand the r/s between base and height better. TPACK – is the basis of good teaching with technology and requires an understanding of the representation of concepts using technologies; pedagogical techniques that use technologies in constructive ways to teach content, knowledge of what makes concepts difficult or easy to learn and how technology can help redress some of the problems that students face. Facilitators to link participants back to their role as an instructional leader and highlight that as HODs/ICT they need to understand TPACKhave knowledge of ICT tools, especially web tools and online platforms be able to use technology tools to assess students’ learning know the pedagogical use of technology to promote SDL and CoL
RationaleProvide a ‘handle’ for designing ICT-enriched lessonIntroduce all the 4 considerations
ScriptThe next consideration for planning ICT integration is teacher/student readiness & competency. If we were to carry out the CPA which we have planned/ designed, we have to ask ourselves…How ready are your teachers/students in the use of ICT?IF they are not ready, what can we do to prepare them.
ScriptStudents’ Readiness/Teachers’ CompetenciesThese are some questions we can ask.Are teachers and students able to use ICT?As teachers are intimately involved in the implementation of any school ICT plan. To ensure the successful attainment of outcomes, there must be continuous upgrading of the capabilities of teachers. For greatest leverage, the ICT staff development plan must be aligned to the school’s strategic ICT plans. For deep and sustained change in teachers’ behaviours on use of ICT for teaching and learning, the staff development approach would need to address beyond skill acquisition to cultivation of personal mastery and the cultivation of learning communities.
ScriptThe 4th consideration is infrastructure support. Infrastructure SupportHere we look into connecting teachers and pupils to learning resources. This could be in terms of network infrastructure, internet access and making resources readily available and accessible. How does the departmentplan tap the connectivity that is available today to enhance and enrich students’ learning experiences?
ScriptSome key considerations when we look into infrastructure support is to be able to work with existing ICT infrastructure and resources constraints. This would require us to innovate to think of ways to tap on existing resources and also to think about how teachers and students can access resources and how resources can be made available to them.
Slide 21Time: 3 minSustainability:Change is sustainable if it involves learning (organisational learning). It is difficult for someone in authority to dictate that people change and be committed to a programme. Things may move initially due to compliance, but there may not be any true commitment. When the leader leaves, there is a possibility that the programme will not be sustained. People will only sustain interest if they choose to make a commitment on their own. People will choose to make a commitment if they truly see that there is value, benefit and impact (on learning); and not see it as another add-on.Sustainable change takes place through multiple layers of leadership. Get the staff involved in the planning. Listen to their views and value their input. While it is important to have formal leaders (e.g. HODs, SH) within the school, it is also important to encourage and develop informal leaders.Sustainable change – as leaders, we remove barriers, inhibitors e.g. lack of time, busy schedule, overload of initiatives and programmes. Hence it is important to prioritise, see how various programmes can synergize or be aligned without spreading out too thinly, ensuring that there is time built into teachers’ schedule for learning, planning and working together etcScalability:Is the programme viable or practical to impact and benefit a larger group of students?Is the programme economically and institutionally sustainable when we involve a larger group of students?Sometimes schools use pilot groups in their implementation. Change usually starts small, perhaps with a group of “champions” who are committed, who are bought in to the idea and would like to see that the project succeeds. Starting with a pilot group allows for experimentation, to draw learning points from the experience, to see what are the ingredients and conditions necessary for successful implementations. So when the project is implemented on a wider scale, the likelihood of success would be higher.Scaffold / SupportIn planning, to ensure sustainability and scalability of programmes, it is also important to consider the scaffolds and support we need to provide or put in place. E.g. How do we structure continuous development programmes for teachers ?What encouragement & incentives can we put in place?How can leaders be a role model?
Stage 3 Technology Planning
Stages of Technology Planning
School Vision, Mission, Thrusts
IP Dept IP Dept IP Dept IP Dept
Planning for ICT Integration
Planning for ICT Integration
•How does the ICT integration align with:
• C2015 student outcomes?
• mp3 goals?
• School’s vision/strategic thrusts?
• School’s teaching and learning framework
4 Considerations in
Planning for ICT Integration
Curriculum Pedagogy Assessment
What to Teach
The content knowledge that
determines the subject
disposition, skills and attitude
outcomes in the syllabus
How to Assess
How do we know our
students have learnt, the
purpose of assessment
How to Teach
Pedagogy – strategies of
learning, student centric
ICT in Curriculum Pedagogy
• Useful considerations:
• Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework
• Self Directed and Collaborative Learning
• Assessment for Learning
Key Considerations for ICT-
enriched Lesson Design
Affordances of ICT
Thinking Skills & 21st
Digital Bloom’s taxonomy
Civic literacy, global awareness &
Critical & inventive thinking
Information & Communication
Connections to the real world
Teacher and Student Readiness
• What are the competencies teachers required to design and
deliver ICT enriched learning experience?
• Suggested Reference:
• BY(i)TES Domain 3
• UNESCO ICT Competencies of Teachers, ACOT, LoTi
• How would the PD efforts planned promote the personal and
professional growth of the teachers?
• Leveraging on ICT Mentor Programme
• Sharing of Good Practices from schools
• Do the students know how to use the ICT tools?
• Baseline ICT Skills
Planning for ICT Integration
Strategic Resource Management
Suggested Guiding Questions:
What proportion of the curriculum is set aside for students to be engaged in SDL and CoL activities
facilitated by ICT? How does the school ICT provision support such learning?
In terms of equipment and infrastructure:
• Is equipment available for use by students, teachers and support staff? How is the scheduling?
learning and teaching?
• How does the school classroom layout support ICT enriched learning experiences?
In terms of funding and budgeting:
• How much was spent on Instructional and administrative equipment? Instructional and
administrative applications and software? Maintenance and support? Instructional and
administrative professional development? connectivity and infrastructure?
In terms of maintenance and support:
• are resources, structures and processes in place to maintain use of ICT for learning and teaching?
are personnel available to provide technical support?
[Questions adapted from Technology in Schools, Suggestions, Tools and Guidelines for Assessing
Technology in Elementary and Secondary Education]14
For Infrastructure Support
Information on School ICT Planning and Devolution
IT Procurement/ Acquisition of Hardware, software and services
IT Policies, Guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures
Other forms of support:
• NEU PC Plus Programme
• ICT Enable, Enhance and Engage (E3) Fund
When developing the ICT
plan, consider the 3 S’s
Can the use of ICT to support learning be sustained
How can we increase the breadth and depth of
learning through ICT?
What are the different ways through which we can
support the use of ICT?
* Consider SSOE compliance