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  1. 1. By: Leslie Zarco
  2. 2. Cancer A diseases where abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Cancer isn’t just one specific disease , its over 100 different types of diseases
  3. 3. What is Leukemia? Types? Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells ; cancer starts in the tissue that forms blood There are different types of leukemia such as: Acute lymphocytic leukemia: a quick progressing cancer of blood where many immature lymphocytes aren’t fully complete Acute myelocytic Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Chronic myelocytic leukemia :a slow progressing cancer of blood in which too many white cells are made in bone marrow
  4. 4. What occurs during Leukemia?Effects? A transplant occurs The cause is unknown The effects that occur during leukemia are: Infections, anemia, easy bruising, weight loss, night sweats, and unexplainable fevers ,headaches, vomiting ,confusion , loss of muscle control , weak,swelling,and pain in bones
  5. 5. Bone marrow Doctors must get bone marrow from the patient Bone marrow: soft material in the center of bones Makes abnormal white blood cells; abnormal cells are leukemia cells Leukemia blood cells don’t die when they should, which is bad because then the body doesn’t need them The extra cells may form a tumor The cells crowd out the red cells , white cells, and the platelets
  6. 6. Physical exams Spinal tap Cytogenetics Chest x-ray Blood tests Biopsy Bone marrow aspiration Bone marrow biopsy
  7. 7. Risk factors Radiation Acute myelocytic Chronic myelocytic Acute lymphocytic Atomic bomb explosions Radiation therapy may increase risk Diagnostic x-rays
  8. 8. Causes Smoking Benzene Chemotherapy Down syndrome Myelocytic syndrome Certain blood disorders Human T-cell leukemia virus type Family history
  9. 9. Who is Susceptible?Both men, women, and children are all susceptible to various types of cancers; age doesn’t matterIt’s said that patients with Parkinsons disease are more susceptible to cancer tumors because of research as well as deaths of 2.2 million people since 1904 comparing people with Parkinsons disease and those with different cancer types
  10. 10. Average diagnosed people Throughout the world many people have been diagnosed with different cancer types from 2003-2007 In the year 2011, there have been over 1,596,670 people with cancer Also the death rates are getting higher, the number was over 571,950 people
  11. 11. Diagnostics Diagnostics are thorough; history and physical examination along with diagnostic testing When the condition of a person has changed the testing is needed to be rerun or repeated Things necessary/tests for the diagnostics: Imaging, lab tests, tumor markers, tumor biopsy, endoscopic examination, surgery, and genetic testing By the way, testing isn’t 100% correct