A practical guide to APA style

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A practical guide to APA style

  1. 1. A Practical Guide to APA Style
  2. 2. Running Head— All Caps Up to 50 characters of the title The Title PageRunning head: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO APA STYLE 1Title---CapitalizeImportant Words A Practical Guide to APA Style Byline—Use Name Leecy A. Barnett with Middle Initial Lynn University
  3. 3. The AbstractA PRACTICAL GUIDE TO APA STYLE The Abstract is a 2 one paragraph summary of the paper ------------- (< 120 words). The Abstract is Abstract not indented.This is a very short paper done for the experience of learninghow to do and teach the American Psychological Association’swriting style. Text is always double spaced. Never use boldface.
  4. 4. A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO APA STYLE 3 Use Times New Roman or The Body Courier as font-- -size 12 Center the title A Practical Guide to APA StyleIndent ¶s When the APA style was first conceived eighty years ago, the main purpose was to develop standards for the publication of articles in the fields of anthropology and psychology (American Psychological Association, 2001). “Although designed for those who intend to publish,” Houghton and Houghton (2007, p. xii) point out that, “numerous colleges and universities adhere to these stringent guidelines.” Learning to do APA style well shows you are concerned
  5. 5. Headings•Complicated System of Multiple Levels•Not always required by professors• See at Purdue---http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01 -
  6. 6. In Text Citations--IdeasWhenever you get an idea from a source cite it using the author’s name and dateof publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence or paragraph describingtheir idea. The period goes after the final parenthesis.Example:When the APA style was first conceived eighty years ago, the main purpose wasto develop standards for the publication of articles in the fields of anthropologyand psychology (American Psychological Association, 2001).
  7. 7. In Text Citations—Author in textIf you refer to the author(s) in the text of your paper, cite the source simply withthe date of publication in parentheses next to the author’s name.Example: According to Fox (2007), the internet has played a significant role in theincrease of plagiarism in academia today.
  8. 8. In Text Citations— Short Direct QuoteWhen you directly quote a source you need to add quotation marks around thewords or sentence you copy. The final period, however, comes at the end of thefinal parenthesis of the citation.Example: “Although designed for those who intend to publish, numerous collegesand universities adhere to these stringent guidelines” (Houghton and Houghton,2007, p. xii).
  9. 9. In Text Citations—Long Direct QuoteWhen your direct quotation long than longer than 40 words put it in and indentedparagraph without quotation marks. Now the final period comes before thecitation ---it seems this rule is designed just to frustrate you!Example:APA format. The title page has a very specific format: Your title page should already include the page header (described above). On the first line of the title page flush-left, add a running head. Begin the running head with the words “Running Head” followed by a colon. Then give an abbreviated title of your paper in 50 characters or less in all caps. (Neyhart & When quoting from a webpage, determine the Karper, 2007, para. 5) paragraph # quoted and use that instead of a page #
  10. 10. Reference PageA PRACTICAL GUIDE TO APA STYLE Tip: 3 Do the Reference Center References References Page 1st American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington, DC: American Psychological •Alphabetical by Authors Last Name Association. •Use initials rather than full 1st Name Houghton, P. M., & Houghton, T. J. (2007). APA: The easy way. Flint, MI: Baker •Hanging Indent •Double Space College. Neyhart, D., & Karper, E. (2007, December 23). APA Formatting and Style Guide--- General Format. Retrieved January 18, 2008, from The Owl at Purdue: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
  11. 11. BooksAuthor---Last Name, Initials 2-6 author write them out ---use & instead of and. After 6 write et al. Authors can also be a company or organizationDate of Publication--- year in parenthesisTitle—italicizePublication information---City and state (if mentioned—use postal abbreviation) and publisher.Example:Houghton, P. M., & Houghton, T. J. (2007). APA: The easy way. Flint, MI: Baker College.
  12. 12. Print Journal Articles Author & Date of Publication--- same as book Article Title— do not italicize If you get you Journal Title—italicize journal from a database add: Volume —italicize •Retrieved from •Date (m/d/yr) Page Numbers---numbers only •Name of database Example:Smith, G. E., & Eggleston, T. J. (2001). Comprehending APA Style Through Manuscript Analysis. Teaching of Psychology , 28, 108-110.
  13. 13. Electronic Journal ArticlesThe APA style requires including the Document Object Identifier or doi.Author & Date of Publication--- same as bookArticle Title— do not italicizeJournal Title—italicizeVolume —italicizePage Numbers---numbers onlydoi: xx.xxxxxExample:Herbst-Damm, K.L. & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 25, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225
  14. 14. Electronic Journal Articles without doi Option 1: provide the URL of the journal homepage. Sillick, T.J. & Schutte, N.S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E- Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap Option 2: provide the name of the database used to access the article. Borman, W.C. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved from PsycARTICLES database. Check with your professor as to which one you should use.
  15. 15. WebpageAuthor --- same as book if available---No Author---use title of page Add:Date---most precise available; no date (n.d.) •Retrieved from •Date (m/d/yr)Title of page —italicize •Name of Website •urlExample:Neyhart, D., & Karper, E. (2007, December 23). APA Formatting and Style Guide---General Format. Retrieved January 18, 2008, from The Owl at Purdue: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
  16. 16. YouTube videoAuthor or Compiler name.No Author---use title of page Add:Date---(showing year, month, date). •Retrieved from •Date (m/d/yr)Title of video —italicize •urlExample:The Cobalt Agent. (2007, September 14) Ronald Reagan’s remarks on the Challenger shuttle explosion. Retrieved April 7, 2009, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5JKIZ7j20EA
  17. 17. Using Microsoft Word 2010 Warning:The Reference Tab does not have the latest version of APA!

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