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Victorian Access Consultant Network Meeting Presentation 15 April 2016

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This is a copy of the presentation made to the Victorian Access Consultant Network on 15 April 2016, titled "Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond". It discusses simple strategies for considering universal design when planning for evacuation and emergencies in buildings. It also reviews the Australian National Construction Code requirements from 2011 through to the current 2016 and considers what might be in place in 2019.

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Victorian Access Consultant Network Meeting Presentation 15 April 2016

  1. 1. Safer Evacuations for All: ‘NCC 2016 & Beyond’ Safer Evacuations for All: ‘NCC 2016 & Beyond’ Victorian Access Consultants Network Meeting Friday, 15 April 2016 Lee Wilson, Universal Design & Accessible Egress Advocate ® Presentation for
  2. 2. An Important Message The focus on access into premises to enable people with disability to fully use a building, needs to be matched with arrangements for their safe egress in the event of a fire Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson (adapted from Scottish Government 2007 publication) ® But why isn’t it?
  3. 3. Planning for Emergencies History has shown that planning for emergency evacuation dramatically increases the chance for successful evacuation (Loy, Hirsh & Batiste 2006) Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® But we need to plan for everyone's abilities
  4. 4. Before we begin, a quick video: New Years Eve in Dubai Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Source: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/01/01/mid dleeast/dubai-address-hotel-fire- photographer-rescue/
  5. 5. ® To put that into content with todays presentation: Source: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/01/dubai- skyscraper-fire-briton-tells-of-rescuing-disabled-mother
  6. 6. Presentation Overview 1. How I came to be here today 2. The ‘gap’ in legislation 3. What is ‘NCC and Beyond’? 4. New risk factors 5. Emergency planning Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  7. 7. Presentation Overview, cont. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® 6. Present PEEP and GEEP templates 7. Enhanced measures for safe evacuation 8. Occupant warning concepts 9. NCC requirements: 2011 to 2016 10. Conclusions 11. Question time
  8. 8. How I Came To Be Here Today • Studying Masters degree • Completed 8,000 word thesis • Continued writing over 40,000 words • Released evacuation guidebook: Evacuation of People with Disability & Emergent Limitations • Started ‘The Accessible Exit Sign Project’ Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  9. 9. The ‘Gap’ in Legislation International Law Australian Legal Framework: • Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) 1992 • Commonwealth Work Health and Safety Act 2011 • State / Territory based Work Health and Safety laws • National Construction Code (adopted into building legislation) Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  10. 10. What is ‘NCC 2016 & Beyond’? • Exceeding minimum ‘Deemed-to-Satisfy’ provisions • Testing boundaries of accepted practices • Changing attitudes and mind-sets • Developing new Performance Solutions (Alternative Solutions) • Adopting an integrated and holistic approach to evacuation Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  11. 11. Emerging Risk Factors Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® 1. Flammable cladding debacle 2. Emergency management decisions 3. Terrorist threats & arson threats 4. 3 year NCC edition (NCC 2016, until NCC 2019)
  12. 12. Flammable Cladding Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  13. 13. Emergency Management Decisions Dubai New Years Even Fireworks Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  14. 14. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson Terrorism ® 1. Belgium airport & subway 2. Paris Batacan Theatre
  15. 15. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson Terrorism cont. ® 3. Sydney Lindt Café siege 4. World Trade Centre
  16. 16. Emergency Planning FEMA (US) believe the key elements of emergency preparedness include: 1. Detection of fire before it restricts movement of occupants 2. Notification of danger and that evacuation should commence 3. Movement of people via fire protected egress routes to a building exit Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  17. 17. Enhanced Measures for Safe Evacuation • Accessible evacuation routes (or accessible means of egress) • Emergency evacuation lifts • Larger fire stairs with refuge areas, with communication (WIP) • Emergency information in tactile, audible & visual formats • Evacuation chairs and other devices (if no evacuation lift) Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  18. 18. Enhanced Wayfinding Concepts Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® • Accessible exit signs used for:  Refuge Areas  Evacuation lifts  Evacuation chairs • Increased contrast of exit route features • Photo-luminescent markers around features • Tactile evacuation diagrams • Accessible exits routes on evacuation diagrams
  19. 19. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  20. 20. Occupant Warning Considerations • ‘Break glass’ alarms in accessible locations • Refuge communication systems • Visual warnings / alarms • Vibrating pads and pillows • Hearing augmentation linked into occupant warning systems Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  21. 21. Occupant Warning Considerations, cont. • Mass notification systems (mobile phones & pagers) • Exit point sounders • New technology • Smart phone apps • Computer notifications • Bluetooth beacons • Audible information Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  22. 22. Document the PEEPs • PEEP considers individual needs • Assesses characteristics of the specific building • Essential document for each employee who may be delayed in their ability to respond, react or evacuate Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson • A generic type plan will not address everyone’s unique needs ®
  23. 23. What are GEEPs • Generic arrangements that cater for EVERYONE • It’s more complex to manage public buildings  People in unfamiliar environments  Not aware of evacuation arrangements  Don’t follow cues or instructions • Ignoring members of public or visitors = significant risk Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  24. 24. NCC 2016 arrives 01 May 2016 and is here for 3 Years Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® NCC 2015 BCA Vol One NCC 2016 BCA Vol One
  25. 25. NCC 2016 – 5 Parts Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® The National Construction Code Series 2016© as released by the Australian Building Codes Board on behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia and States and Territories of Australia. Note – This is not an ABCB endorsed presentation
  26. 26. NCC 2011 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® The purpose of BCA 2011 included aligning the BCA with the Premises Standards • D3.3(a)(iii) – 30% contrasting nosing strip in F.I.S. • Otherwise nothing specific for the needs of people with disability. Reliant of BCA Part D1 and D2 and emergency management controls under OHS laws.
  27. 27. NCC 2012 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Disability egress provisions remained limited to those already in NCC 2011. No changes.
  28. 28. NCC 2013 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® The purpose of BCA 2013 included enhancing the egress provisions for people with disability • New Performance Requirement DP7. To facilitate use of lifts to evacuate occupants in addition to exits. • Functional Statement EF3 amended to permit the use of lifts to evacuate occupants from a building in addition to exits. • Performance Requirement EP3 amended to permit use of lifts to evacuate occupants from a building in addition to exits.
  29. 29. NCC 2013 Volume Onecont. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® DtS amendments: • D1.0(a), D2.0(a), D3.0(a) – Exclude DP7 from statement (DtS compliance meets Performance Requirements) • D1.0(c) – States compliance required with DP7 if using lifts for evacuation • D2.21(a) – D type lever type door handles • D3.6(a)(ii) & Spec D3.6 Clause 2 – Braille & tactile exit signs • D2.15(c) – Threshold ramp / step ramp in exit door when opening to road/ open space • D2.17(a)(vi) – One x Clause 12 handrail in required exit ramp or stair (either F.I.S or non F.I.S.)
  30. 30. NCC 2014 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Egress provisions amended DtS amendment: • Specification A1.3 Table 1 – 2013 edition of AS 4586 'Slip resistance classification of new pedestrian surface materials' has been referenced • Table D2.14 added and D2.10(c) (F.I.S ramps), D2.13(a)(v) (stair nosing) & D2.14(a)(ii) (landings) updated accordingly
  31. 31. NCC 2015 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Disability egress provisions are revised DtS Amendments: • D1.0(a), D2.0(a), D3.0(a) –Includes reference to Part G4 for buildings in alpine areas • D2.0(c), D3.0(c) – States compliance required with DP7 if using lifts for evacuation (omitted from 2013 update) • D3.6(a)(ii) - Amended to be more accommodating of the description of the range of storeys/levels where signs may be required, for example, on 'ground' or 'basement' levels
  32. 32. NCC 2016 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Disability egress provisions were limited to those in NCC 2015. No changes.
  33. 33. NCC 2016 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Relevant Performance Requirements: • DP4 – exits to allow safe evacuation • DP5 – fire-isolated exits • DP6 – exits with appropriate dimensions • DP7 – if used, appropriate evacuation lift
  34. 34. NCC 2016 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Relevant Performance Requirements (cont.): • CP3 – safe orderly evacuation in protection building • CP4 – maintain tenable conditions without smoke, heat, toxic gases, etc • GP4.1, GP4.2, GP4.3, GP4.4, GP4.5 – Alpine buildings
  35. 35. NCC 2016 Volume One Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Relevant Performance Requirements (cont.): • EP2.1 – smoke detection and warning • EP2.2 – tenable conditions in evacuation route • EP3.1 – stretcher facilities in emergency lift • EP3.2 – emergency lifts • EP3.3 – signs to warn of lift use in emergency • EP3.4 – accessible features in any lift • EP4.1 – visible exits and paths to exits • EP4.2 – suitable signs or means of identification of exits • EP4.3 – occupant warning systems
  36. 36. Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Where to with NCC 2019? Only time will tell!
  37. 37. Conclusions & Recommendations • We need more industry guidance • Changes in social and attitudinal factors • Changes to legislation and AS 3745 • Adopt an ‘accessible means of egress’ concept • Better and more intuitive wayfinding systems • Everyone needs to work together to develop plans Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  38. 38. Get the FREE Guidebook www.accessibleexitsigns.com/evacuation-guide/ Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson Evacuation planning is a critical component of life safety, including evacuation for persons with disabilities United States Access Board ®
  39. 39. Read my articles on Sourceable.net Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ®
  40. 40. Questions? For further information please contact Lee Wilson: • Mobile: 0438 580 729 • Email: lee@leewilson.com.au • Web: www.leewilson.com.au Safer Evacuations for All: NCC 2016 & Beyond, by Lee Wilson ® Thank you for your time

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