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ACHIEVINGACCESSIBILITYINTHEBUILTENVIRONMENTFORALL
Lee Wilson, Thursday 8 October 2015
Universal Design
Meets the Exit Sign
The Accessible Exit Sign Project
& Performance-Based Building Codes
www.universaldesignmeetstheexitsign.com
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 2
Lee Wilson
MAIPM MWOBO C.Build E MCABE PEng(UK) MSPE
• Experience in property risk, OH&S and compliance
• Graduate Certificate in Performance-Based Building & Fire
Codes
• Bachelor of Technology (Building Surveying)
• Accredited Member of ACAA
• Author of evacuation guidebook
“Every Australian has the right to expect that
reasonable provisions will be made to allow them to
leave buildings safely in the event of an emergency.”
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 3
Australian Building Codes Board quote from 2014:
“Moreover, it is crucial for equitable,
dignified, and independent access to
buildings that people with disability can
be confident that they will also be able
to evacuate from a building in a safe,
dignified and independent fashion in the
event of an emergency.”
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 4
Australian Building Codes Board quote from 2014:
What we’ll cover today
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 5
• The legislative ‘gap’
• Current Australian egress requirements
• Overseas requirements
• ‘Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign’ concept:
1. Proposed changes to exit signs
2. Consideration of egress routes
We’ll also cover
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 6
• The case for accessible exit signs
• The Accessible Means of Egress
• ‘Accessible Means of Egress Icon’
• The Accessible Exit Sign Project
• The Universal Design Meets the
Exit Sign ‘White Paper’
Messages to take away from today
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 7
• Overview of current arrangements
• Awareness of risks
• How buildings can be safer
• Why we need accessible exit signs
• How a universal design approach to exit signs is more
inclusive (and just makes sense)
• UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights
• UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
• Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986
• Disability Discrimination Act 1992
• Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (& State/Territory OHS laws)
• National Construction Code (State/Territory building laws)
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 8
Applicable legislation
• No requirement to distinguish accessible
and non-accessible egress routes
• Little accessibility in egress routes
• Failure to consider needs of all occupants
• Lack of regard for a changing society
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 9
The legislative ‘gap’
• Described as “opening the proverbial can of worms”
• 10% of adults have difficulties climbing a flight of stairs
 30.2% for those over 65
• 4.7% of adults use a cane, crutches, or walker
 17.9% those over 65
• 1.5% of adults use a wheelchair
 5.2% for those over 65
• 1 in 5 with disability
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 10
Relevant U.S. data
• 10.5% have a mobility disability (2.5% use a mobility aid
& 0.6% use a wheelchair)
• 1.6% have a vision impairment
• 1 in 8 affected by hearing loss, projected to reach five
million by 2020
• 20% of population over 65 years by 2030
• 1 in 5 with disability (approx.)
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 11
Relevant Australian data
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 12
‘The Evolution of the Exit Sign’
(Before 2005 in Australia)
(After 2005 in Australia)
(ISO design – not adopted in Australia)
(Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign Concept)
• Changes current discriminatory approach to exit signs
• Presents a fully inclusive design
• Figures are:
 moving in unison with same urgency and motion
 working together to escape the building
 travelling at the same speed
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 13
Accessible Means of Egress Icon
• Considers all abilities
• Adopts 5 of 7 Principles of Universal Design
• Clarifies the accessible egress routes, known
internationally as the ‘accessible means of egress’
• Provides a consistent approach to identifying parts of the
accessible means of egress
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 14
‘Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign’ concept
Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign video
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 15
• Ambiguous exit signs using International Symbol of Access
• Non-inclusive environments
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 16
The case for universal design style exit signs
• Ageing population, obesity
epidemic, high-rise child-care
• Lastly, we’ve created fully accessible buildings, with no
means of accessible egress
A disconnected approach limited to:
• One handrail in exit stairs and ramps
• Slip-resistance to stair treads, landings and ramps
• Contrasting nosing strips in all fire stairs
• Braille & tactile sign next to exit doors (no pictorial elements)
• Lever door handles
• No steps in exit door thresholds discharging to road / open space
• Ability to use evacuation lifts in performance-based solutions
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 17
Australian accessible egress
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 18
Other egressibility references
• International Building Code
• International ISO 21542:2011
• U.S. 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
• U.S. NFPA101, Life Safety Code
• British Standards BS8300 BS5588
• Mumbai Development Control Regulations
• Hong Kong Code of Practice on Means of Escape
An accessible means of egress is defined in the
International Building Code as
a continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from
any accessible point in a building or facility to a public
way.
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 19
The IBC Accessible Means of Egress
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 20
IBC accessible means of egress requirements
• In most cases all accessible
spaces need at least two
accessible means of egress
• No refuge areas required in
sprinkler protected buildings
• Many countries have ‘performance-based’ building codes
• Australia’s construction code is ‘performance-based’
• Buildings getting more reliant on fire engineering
• Use of evacuation lifts
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 21
A ‘performance-based’ approach
• Approach can be used if equal to or
better than prescriptive requirements
The Accessible Exit Sign Project video
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 22
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 23
Accessible Means of Egress Icon examples
Note - designs can be made to suit any specific
requirements of an exit wayfinding strategy
providing an accessible means of egress under
a fire engineered performance-based solution
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 24
Evacuation diagram example
This requires adopting an integrated
approach, which includes emergency
management planning in the fire
engineered performance-based solution
Website poll
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 25
• Results as at 20 September 2015
• Over 14 months of data
• Fully justifying the use of the
universal design concept
• Performance-based
‘alternative solution’ template
• Alternate formats available
shortly
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 26
The ‘White Paper’ in print
• Converted into a website:
www.universaldesignmeetstheexitsign.com
• Audio files coming soon
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 27
The ‘White Paper’ on-line
• We need a change in attitudes and legislation
• Accept new Icon to identify parts of the accessible egress
• Fire engineers and building surveyors to accept performance-
based exit sign solutions
• Icon part of the solution to ‘can of worms’ issue
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 28
Conclusions
8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 29
Thank you
Please feel free to contact me
to discuss this presentation, or
The Accessible Exit Sign
Project.
Email: lee@leewilson.com.au
Phone: +61 438 580 729
Web: www.leewilson.com.au
Questions?

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ACAA Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, Lee Wilson, 8 October 2015

  • 1. ACHIEVINGACCESSIBILITYINTHEBUILTENVIRONMENTFORALL Lee Wilson, Thursday 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign The Accessible Exit Sign Project & Performance-Based Building Codes www.universaldesignmeetstheexitsign.com
  • 2. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 2 Lee Wilson MAIPM MWOBO C.Build E MCABE PEng(UK) MSPE • Experience in property risk, OH&S and compliance • Graduate Certificate in Performance-Based Building & Fire Codes • Bachelor of Technology (Building Surveying) • Accredited Member of ACAA • Author of evacuation guidebook
  • 3. “Every Australian has the right to expect that reasonable provisions will be made to allow them to leave buildings safely in the event of an emergency.” 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 3 Australian Building Codes Board quote from 2014:
  • 4. “Moreover, it is crucial for equitable, dignified, and independent access to buildings that people with disability can be confident that they will also be able to evacuate from a building in a safe, dignified and independent fashion in the event of an emergency.” 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 4 Australian Building Codes Board quote from 2014:
  • 5. What we’ll cover today 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 5 • The legislative ‘gap’ • Current Australian egress requirements • Overseas requirements • ‘Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign’ concept: 1. Proposed changes to exit signs 2. Consideration of egress routes
  • 6. We’ll also cover 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 6 • The case for accessible exit signs • The Accessible Means of Egress • ‘Accessible Means of Egress Icon’ • The Accessible Exit Sign Project • The Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign ‘White Paper’
  • 7. Messages to take away from today 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 7 • Overview of current arrangements • Awareness of risks • How buildings can be safer • Why we need accessible exit signs • How a universal design approach to exit signs is more inclusive (and just makes sense)
  • 8. • UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights • UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities • Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 • Disability Discrimination Act 1992 • Work Health and Safety Act 2011 (& State/Territory OHS laws) • National Construction Code (State/Territory building laws) 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 8 Applicable legislation
  • 9. • No requirement to distinguish accessible and non-accessible egress routes • Little accessibility in egress routes • Failure to consider needs of all occupants • Lack of regard for a changing society 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 9 The legislative ‘gap’ • Described as “opening the proverbial can of worms”
  • 10. • 10% of adults have difficulties climbing a flight of stairs  30.2% for those over 65 • 4.7% of adults use a cane, crutches, or walker  17.9% those over 65 • 1.5% of adults use a wheelchair  5.2% for those over 65 • 1 in 5 with disability 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 10 Relevant U.S. data
  • 11. • 10.5% have a mobility disability (2.5% use a mobility aid & 0.6% use a wheelchair) • 1.6% have a vision impairment • 1 in 8 affected by hearing loss, projected to reach five million by 2020 • 20% of population over 65 years by 2030 • 1 in 5 with disability (approx.) 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 11 Relevant Australian data
  • 12. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 12 ‘The Evolution of the Exit Sign’ (Before 2005 in Australia) (After 2005 in Australia) (ISO design – not adopted in Australia) (Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign Concept)
  • 13. • Changes current discriminatory approach to exit signs • Presents a fully inclusive design • Figures are:  moving in unison with same urgency and motion  working together to escape the building  travelling at the same speed 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 13 Accessible Means of Egress Icon
  • 14. • Considers all abilities • Adopts 5 of 7 Principles of Universal Design • Clarifies the accessible egress routes, known internationally as the ‘accessible means of egress’ • Provides a consistent approach to identifying parts of the accessible means of egress 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 14 ‘Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign’ concept
  • 15. Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign video 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 15
  • 16. • Ambiguous exit signs using International Symbol of Access • Non-inclusive environments 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 16 The case for universal design style exit signs • Ageing population, obesity epidemic, high-rise child-care • Lastly, we’ve created fully accessible buildings, with no means of accessible egress
  • 17. A disconnected approach limited to: • One handrail in exit stairs and ramps • Slip-resistance to stair treads, landings and ramps • Contrasting nosing strips in all fire stairs • Braille & tactile sign next to exit doors (no pictorial elements) • Lever door handles • No steps in exit door thresholds discharging to road / open space • Ability to use evacuation lifts in performance-based solutions 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 17 Australian accessible egress
  • 18. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 18 Other egressibility references • International Building Code • International ISO 21542:2011 • U.S. 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design • U.S. NFPA101, Life Safety Code • British Standards BS8300 BS5588 • Mumbai Development Control Regulations • Hong Kong Code of Practice on Means of Escape
  • 19. An accessible means of egress is defined in the International Building Code as a continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any accessible point in a building or facility to a public way. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 19 The IBC Accessible Means of Egress
  • 20. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 20 IBC accessible means of egress requirements • In most cases all accessible spaces need at least two accessible means of egress • No refuge areas required in sprinkler protected buildings
  • 21. • Many countries have ‘performance-based’ building codes • Australia’s construction code is ‘performance-based’ • Buildings getting more reliant on fire engineering • Use of evacuation lifts 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 21 A ‘performance-based’ approach • Approach can be used if equal to or better than prescriptive requirements
  • 22. The Accessible Exit Sign Project video 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 22
  • 23. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 23 Accessible Means of Egress Icon examples Note - designs can be made to suit any specific requirements of an exit wayfinding strategy providing an accessible means of egress under a fire engineered performance-based solution
  • 24. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 24 Evacuation diagram example This requires adopting an integrated approach, which includes emergency management planning in the fire engineered performance-based solution
  • 25. Website poll 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 25 • Results as at 20 September 2015 • Over 14 months of data
  • 26. • Fully justifying the use of the universal design concept • Performance-based ‘alternative solution’ template • Alternate formats available shortly 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 26 The ‘White Paper’ in print
  • 27. • Converted into a website: www.universaldesignmeetstheexitsign.com • Audio files coming soon 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 27 The ‘White Paper’ on-line
  • 28. • We need a change in attitudes and legislation • Accept new Icon to identify parts of the accessible egress • Fire engineers and building surveyors to accept performance- based exit sign solutions • Icon part of the solution to ‘can of worms’ issue 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 28 Conclusions
  • 29. 8 October 2015 Universal Design Meets the Exit Sign, by Lee Wilson 29 Thank you Please feel free to contact me to discuss this presentation, or The Accessible Exit Sign Project. Email: lee@leewilson.com.au Phone: +61 438 580 729 Web: www.leewilson.com.au Questions?