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Bed Bug Scent Detection Canines

How canine scent detection works

Kelly Robbins
Four Paws K-9 Detection, LLC

Lee Johnson
Bed Bug Inspector, LLC

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Bed Bug Scent Detection Canines

  1. 1. Canine Scent Detection Kelly Robbins: Four Paws K-9 Detection, LLC Lee Johnson: Bed Bug Inspector, LLC
  2. 2. Agenda • Intro to Canine Scent Detection • The Science • Quality Assurance • What Affects Accuracy? • Realistic Expectations
  3. 3. Intro to Canine Scent Detection
  4. 4. Canine Scent Detection • Well-known canine careers ▫ Narcotics Detection ▫ Bomb Detection ▫ Tracking Lost Persons • Training methodology applied to new fields ▫ Insect (Bed Bug) Scent Detection ▫ Mold Detection ▫ Tumor Detection ▫ Conservation- Sea Turtles, Ivory Trade ▫ Agriculture- Fruit Trees, Golf Courses • Utilizing dogs in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) makes a difference! ▫ NYC went from #1 to #9 on Orkin’s list of Most Infested Cities in 2012
  5. 5. Who Uses Our Services? • Commercial Clients ▫ Landlords ▫ Hotels ▫ Call Centers / Offices ▫ Healthcare Facilities • Residential Clients ▫ After travel / houseguests ▫ When bites appear ▫ Frequent use of public transportation
  6. 6. The Science
  7. 7. It's All About The Nose! • The Nose ▫ Beagle: 225 million scent receptors ▫ Human: 5 million scent receptors • The Brain ▫ A dog’s brain devoted to analyzing smells is 40% LARGER than a human's ▫ Dog: 8"x11" Paper ▫ Human: Postage Stamp
  8. 8. Quality Assurance
  9. 9. Training • Dogs Are Highly Trained & Well Maintained • Team (Handler + Dog) • Use live bed bugs in training daily • Keeps daily logs: training & deployment • Communicates with trainer • Attends Advanced Training Seminars
  10. 10. Evaluations • Annually evaluated by NESDCA • Team (handler + dog) • Third Party Evaluators • NESDCA’s certification is an evaluation method modeled after law enforcement • Evaluation should include live bed bugs & dead bed bugs
  11. 11. What Affects Accuracy?
  12. 12. Accuracy of Inspection Depends On: • How the team trains • Blind hides vs. Known hides • Air Flow • HVAC, Fans, Computers, Exhaust Fans • Protocols in place to protect the integrity of the search • Pesticides (30 days after application) & Cleaning Products • Heavy Infestations • Overwhelming odor = canine may not alert. Not trained to detect high amounts (high threshold vs. low threshold). Humans should notice bugs at this point. Staff must be trained! • Odor must be present for the canine to alert. The team counts on the odor dropping, not rising. • Where was the canine trained? • Does the trainer have scientifically proven training techniques to back up claims of accuracy? • 98% rate is based on Univ. of FL study using canines from J & K canine Academy in High Springs, FL trained by Pepe Peruyero & Bun Montgomery & published in Entomological Society of America 2008
  13. 13. Realistic Expectations
  14. 14. Expectations • Be realistic • Teams are not 100% accurate- nothing is! But K-9’s are the most useful, scientifically proven tool we have to this date. • Communication is critical for success • Documentation of areas inspected & not inspected should be included in the inspection report • Teams train with low quantities of bed bugs (1-15) • Goal is to identify low infestations- Low Threshold # of bed bugs • Canine is alerting on the odor presence of live bed bugs &/or viable eggs • Keep in mind - air flow can move the odor • Target scent/odor must be present for the K-9 to alert • Checklist/Protocol adherence is vital for success
  15. 15. Dogs at Work!
  16. 16. Questions? Thank you! Kelly Robbins Four Paws K-9 Detection, LLC Phone: 614-378-0023 Email: Web: Lee Johnson Bed Bug Inspector, LLC Phone: 614-747-3463 Email: Web: