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Teen Pregnancy Powerpoint

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Teen Pregnancy Powerpoint

  1. 1. Teen Pregnancy As a social worker, how will you feel about it?
  2. 2. American Statistics -1/3 of American Teenage girls become pregnant and will likely become pregnant again. -Daughters of teen mothers are 66% more likely to become teen mothers as well. -African Americans ages 15-17 have 36.1 live births per 1000 and are 3 times more likely to become pregnant than whites -Hispanics ages 15-17 have 47.9 live births per 1000 and are 4 times more likely to become pregnant than whites. -Whites ages 15-17 have 11.8 live births per 1000.
  3. 3. Teen Pregnancy Around the World
  4. 4. Across the globe, 16 million teenagers give birth every year! Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin says “It [teenage pregnancy] is deeply rooted in poverty, gender inequality, violence, child and forced marriage, power imbalances between adolescent girls and their male partners, lack of education, and the failure of systems and institutions to protect their rights.”
  5. 5. 5 Countries with the highest numbers of teenage pregnancies: 1. Niger 2. Chad 3. Mozambique 4. Mali 5. Liberia
  6. 6. Niger • Highest number of teen pregnancies • Highest number of child brides • By age 18, 75% of girls are married, and 51% have had a child • Maternal healthcare is not as available to child brides. • If a country could reduce their child bride rate by 10 %, they would reduce their maternal mortality rate by 70%.
  7. 7. Chad • 47% of teenagers have a baby. • There is a 1 in 14 chance in Chad for a woman to die during childbirth. • The most likely of these are poor teenagers with no education and who have not yet developed. • Only 1% of Chad’s poor women receive help from a doctor or a qualified healthcare professional.
  8. 8. Mozambique • 41% of teenage girls have a baby. • Teenage pregnancy is seen as the largest hindrance to a girl’s education. • One pregnant 6th grader said she was too ashamed to go to class. • The UN Secretary-General said that education was important in this country to preventing teen pregnancies. If the girls stay in school longer, then they will put off marriage and having children.
  9. 9. Mali • 55% of teenagers get married and 40% give birth. • Less than 8% of these teenagers use contraceptives. • The reasons for not having these include “lack of information, fear of side effects, and other barriers—geographic, social, and economic- prevent young people from obtaining and using family planning methods.” --Ariel Pablos-Mendez
  10. 10. Liberia • There is a high rate of child-rape in Liberia. • 38% of Liberian teenagers become pregnant. • 20% of those are the result of child-rape. • Because of the Civil War, families were torn apart, usually by death, and mothers were not around to teach their daughters how to care for children. Thus, teenage mothers find it difficult to care for their young.
  11. 11. Closer to Home: Knox County • In the 15-17 year old age range, 21.1 of 1000 live births are from white teenage girls and 68.2 of 1000 live births are from black teenage girls. • In the 18-19 year old range, 54.9 of 1000 live births are from white teenage girls and 121 of 1000 live births are from black teenage girls. • Some factors for teen pregnancy in Knoxville are poverty, lack of support, lack of recreational or school events, and alcohol and drugs.
  12. 12. Knoxville Teen Pregnancy Resources • The Hope Resource Center • Columbus Home Assisting Parents • Florence Crittenton Agency • Child and Parenting Skills Program • Counseling Services for Victims of Crime • New Focus-helps pregnant teens who are in danger of losing their children due to substance abuse • STARS-Students Teaching an Respecting Sexuality • Teaching Teens Outstanding Parenting Skills (T-TOPS) • Knox County Schools—Homebound for 6 weeks • TANF—Temporary Assistance for Needy Families • http://www.knoxnews.com/news/l ocal-news/no-headline- 031510birthteenside
  13. 13. Cultural Contributions • Child marriages are part of some cultures. • Minorities (except for Asian/Pacific Islander) in the United States have higher rates of teen pregnancy. • This is mostly because many of these minority families live in poverty and do not have the opportunities for future education that whites do.
  14. 14. Live Births Per 1000 by Ethnicity in 2012 Series 1 African Americans White Asian/Pacific Islander American Indian/Alaskan Native Hispanics
  15. 15. Social Aspects
  16. 16. Social/Academic Results from Teen Pregnancy • Feeling embarrassed or awkward at school • Fear of telling parents or being kicked out of home • Health concerns for them or their children—postpartum depression: rates are 5-7% higher in teen mothers • Finding daycare or child care • Safety fears at school • Lack of support • The need for income • Not knowing her options • Being behind in school
  17. 17. Schooling Options for Teen Moms • Special schools for pregnant teens and parenting teens • Schools with daycare centers • Regular schools with outside daycare • Homeschool • GED • Night school • Community college • Online education
  18. 18. Other Things to Help Teen Moms • Realistic expectations of motherhood • Life-skill and parenting classes • Good child care—look to community, church, etc. . . • A supportive mentor • Long-term goals set by the teenager • Breast pump • Support groups
  19. 19. Economic Aspects
  20. 20. Economics of Teen Pregnancy for America • Many teenage mothers use welfare and other public aid • Because of their lack of education, they become “stuck in the system” and usually they have more children. • Low socio-economic status has been seen in the development of the baby’s development as early as mid-pregnancy, suggesting that the deck may be stacked against them before they are even born. • As the baby grows, he/she will likely need aid from the government for education, possible disabilities, healthcare, and possibly help for having her own baby as a teenager ($1682 per year per child) • 9.4 billion dollars have been spent on teen pregnancies and teen mothers
  21. 21. Statistics Descriptions Poor (50% federal poverty level) Non-poor (200% fed. Poverty level) African Americans 63.5% 17.0% Caucasians 26.5% 83.0% Mean Maternal Age 22.5 29.1 Mean Years Maternal Education 11.3 14.4 Median Family Income $6500 $63,500 Welfare Benefits 56.8% 6.4% Married 10.8% 78.7% Father Living in Home 33.8% 91.5% Mean Number in Household 4.4 3.9 Mother Employed Full Time 12.2% 42.6% Mother Employed Part Time 10.9% 25.5% Mother Enrolled in School 19.0% 85% Home Ownership 9.5% 67.4% Mean Rental Payment (for renters) $117.7 $591.0
  22. 22. Political Aspects
  23. 23. The US Government and Teen Pregnancy • Our federal government still does not do a good job with sex education. When interviewing pregnant teenagers, the CDC most often received the answer “I didn’t know I could get pregnant.” Standing up while having sex is able to prevent pregnancy was also what 18% of teenage males believed. • The United States Government sees teenage pregnancy as a national health problem needing intervention. • Experts have appeared before Congress insisting that parents talking to their children about sex will go a long way toward preventing teen pregnancy.
  24. 24. The US Government and Teen Pregnancy • The government gave a huge grant to abstinence-only programs which were found not to have a huge impact on preventing teen pregnancy. • Researchers are suggesting that comprehensive sex education programs along with an abstinence message and knowledge of contraceptives and their use would likely be most helpful in preventing teen pregnancy and that the government should focus on that.
  25. 25. The Babies
  26. 26. Facts Surrounding Babies of Teenagers • Their early environments and the bond they have with their mothers will play a part in determining their later vulnerability and resilience. • Many teenagers are not prepared or desirous of motherhood. • Babies born to teenagers are often born early, small, or under- developed largely because the teenagers are under-developed. • When babies are born to teenagers, many times they get stuck in poverty for life with all the disadvantages that brings and many times have siblings. • Many baby girls born to teenage moms will likely become teenage moms themselves.
  27. 27. Disclaimer There are many different negative facts about teen pregnancy in the above slides, but some teen moms go on to do very well for themselves, despite that their lives will never be the same. Also, there are some cultures (even our own) where older teenagers wed, have a child, and everything turns out fine.
  28. 28. References • Balberine, Robin (2002). “An Infant in Context: Multiple Risks and a Relationship.” Infant Mental Health Journal, 23(3), 329-341. http://www.interscience.wiley.com • Basch, Charles E (2011). “Teen Pregnancy and the Achievement Gap between Minority Youth.” Journal of School Health, 81(10), 614-618. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1746-11561 .2011.00635. x/abstract • Cain, Daphne S. and Combs-Orme, Terri (2006). “Povetry and the Daily Lives of Infants: Consistent Disadvantage.” Journal of Children and Poverty, 12(1), 1- 20. http://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context =utk_ socipubs
  29. 29. References • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). “About Teen Pregnancy.” http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/index.htm • Congressional Record Daily Edition (2001). “Parents’ Role in Teen Pregnancy” http://congressional.proquest.com.proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/congressional/docv iew/t1 7.d18.c49a61240c000e17?accountid=14766 • “Counting It Up: The National Cost of Teen Childbearing.” The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy https://thenationalcampaign.org/why-it-matters/public-cost • DiPietro, Janet A. (2000). “Baby and the Brain: Advances in Child Development.” Annual Reviews, 21, 455-471. http://www.arjournals.annualreviews.org
  30. 30. References • Domenico, Desirae and Jones, Karen H. (2007). “Adolescent Pregnancy in America: Causes and Responses.” Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 30(1), 4-12. http://specialpopulations.org/Vol%2030-1%20Chapters/JVSNEVol30- 1_Fall07_Domenico.pdf • “Finishing School as a Mom.” Teen Pregnancy Statistics. http://www.teenpregnancystatistics.org/content/finishing-school-as-a- mom.html • “Help for Pregnant Teens” (2010, March 15). Knoxville News Sentinel http://www.knoxnews.com/news/local-news/no-headline- 031510birthteenside
  31. 31. References • Health Equity: Teen Sexual Health (2012). Knox County Health Department. http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/sites/default/files/Knox%20County% 20Health%20Inequity%20one-pagers.pdf • Kingston, Dawn (2012, June 20). “Teen Mothers More Likely to Suffer Abuse and Postpartum Depression Than Older Moms.” News Medical. http://www. news -medical.net /news/20120620/Teen-mothers-more-likely-to-suffer- abuse-and-postpartum-depression-than-older-moms.aspx • Kristof, Nicholas (2014). “Politicians, Teens, and Birth Control.” New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/13/opinion/nicholas-kristof-politicians- teens-and-birth-control.html?_r=0
  32. 32. References • Lawlor, Debbie A. and Shaw, Mary (2002). “Too Much Too Young? Teenage Pregnancy Is Not a Public Health Problem.” International Journal of Epidemiology 31, 552-554. http://www.popline.org/node/189067 • Solomon-Fears, Carmen (2007). “Scientific Evaluations of Approaches to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.” CRS Report for Congress. http://principalsessentials.com/xpdf/preg-report-congress.pdf • Stuart, Elizabeth (2013). “A Look at Teen Pregnancy around the World.” Global Post, http://www.globalpost.com/dispatches/globalpost-blogs/global- pulse/where-are-the-most-teen-moms
  33. 33. References • Ypsilanti, M.I. “Teen Pregnancy—A Social Issue.” Teen Ink. http://www.teenink.com/college_guide/college_essays/article/308874/Teen-PregnancyA-Social- Issue/ Websites where images were found: • http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db89_tables.pdf • https://www.google.com/search?q=maps+by+zara+matheson&biw=1366&bih=657&tbm=isch&tb o=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=nvUhVZqnMsSD • http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/about/birth-rates-chart-2000-2011-text.htm • http://blogs.longwood.edu/teenpregnancy/files/2012/01/graph-2006.png • http://info.umkc.edu/womenc/files/2010/07/teenpregnancy.jpg • http://images.dailykos.com/images/user/3/teenpreg.png • https://www.google.com/search?q=teenage+pregnancy+around+the+world&safe=active&biw=13 66&bih=657&noj=1&site=webhp&tbm=isch& Resources for teen moms: http://www.lifecall.org/cpc/tennessee.html

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  • AmeenahLove

    Nov. 23, 2015
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