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The State of Women at Work

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In ways good and bad, 2018 was a big year for women. A record-breaking number of women ran for office—and won. Trailblazing women around the world became “the first.” Countries and companies took important steps to support women and families. At the same time, there’s no question that we’re still a long way from equality.

To get a better sense of what 2018 represented for women’s progress, we took a closer look at one realm in particular: work. What happens in the workplace tells us a lot about whether women are gaining power and opportunity—or whether we’re frozen in place or falling behind.

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The State of Women at Work

  1. 1. The state of women at work
  2. 2. Women are underrepresented at every level in corporate America— and it’s not changing
  3. 3. Source: Women in the Workplace 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Entry Level Manager Sr Manager/ Director VP SVP C-Suite EQUALITY 2015 Men Women
  4. 4. Source: Women in the Workplace 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Entry Level Manager Sr Manager/ Director VP SVP C-Suite EQUALITY 2016 Men Women
  5. 5. Source: Women in the Workplace 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Entry Level Manager Sr Manager/ Director VP SVP C-Suite EQUALITY 2017 Men Women
  6. 6. Source: Women in the Workplace 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Entry Level Manager Sr Manager/ Director VP SVP C-Suite EQUALITY 2018 Men Women
  7. 7. 1 in 5 C-suite leaders is a woman… Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Daly and Newton/OJO Images/Getty Images
  8. 8. And only 1 in 25 is a woman of color Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Peathegee Inc/Getty Images
  9. 9. Old-school explanations don’t hold up
  10. 10. Source: Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Hero Images/Hero Images/Getty Images Women are not leaving
  11. 11. Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: 10’000 Hours/DigitalVision/Getty Images Women are asking for more
  12. 12. Women are doing their part—but the system is failing them
  13. 13. For every 100 men hired into entry-level positions... Source: Women in the Workplace
  14. 14. 85 women are hired Source: Women in the Workplace
  15. 15. For every 100 men promoted to manager… Source: Women in the Workplace
  16. 16. 79 women are promoted Source: Women in the Workplace
  17. 17. And 60 Black women are promoted Source: Women in the Workplace
  18. 18. Men outnumber women as managers 68% 32% Source: Women in the Workplace
  19. 19. “My manager helps me navigate organizational politics” Less support from managers Allmen Allwomen Whitewomen Latinas Lesbianwomen 41% 37% 39% 32% 30% 25% 35% Black women Asianwomen Source: Women in the Workplace
  20. 20. “I’ve NEVER had an informal interaction with a senior leader” Fewer interactions with senior leaders Allmen Allwomen Whitewomen Asianwomen Latinas Blackwomen Lesbianwomen 40% 49% 47% 45% 54% 59% 47% Source: Women in the Workplace
  21. 21. 64% experience microaggressions Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Almay Images
  22. 22. Twice as likely to be mistaken for someone more junior Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: RichVintage/E+/Getty Images
  23. 23. Twice as likely to need to provide more evidence of their competence Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Image Source/Image Source/Getty Images
  24. 24. 1.5 times more likely to be addressed in a less-than-professional way Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Geraint Rowland Photography/Moment/Getty Images
  25. 25. of women in corporate America have been sexually harassed 35% Source: Women in the Workplace
  26. 26. 90% 88% of women in the restaurant industry of women construction workers Source: Harvard Business Review, National Women’s Law Center
  27. 27. 1 in 5 women are “Onlys” Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: MATJAZ SLANIC/E+/Getty Images
  28. 28. 81% experience microaggressions Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: Street Spoken/John Wallace
  29. 29. 56%of women “Onlys” have been sexually harassed Source: Women in the Workplace
  30. 30. Here’s the kicker: too many people are satisfied with the status quo
  31. 31. When 1 in 10 senior leaders is a woman… Source: Women in the Workplace
  32. 32. …almost half of men think women are well represented 45% Source: Women in the Workplace
  33. 33. …and about a quarter of women think women are well represented 28% Source: Women in the Workplace
  34. 34. Only about half of employees are committed to gender diversity Source: Women in the Workplace; Image: PeopleImages/E+/Getty Images
  35. 35. Women are outnumbered in other places, too
  36. 36. Source: The White House; Image: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News Women hold 5 out of 19 positions in the Trump administration
  37. 37. Source: The World Bank; Image: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images Europe Worldwide, women hold 24% of seats in parliaments
  38. 38. Women lead 13 of 195 countries Source: Based on hand calculations by LeanIn.Org researcher, February 6, 2019
  39. 39. Source: Rutgers Center for American Women and Politics; Image: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News 4 of 113 Supreme Court justices have been women
  40. 40. Source: Catalyst; Image: Helen King/Corbis/Getty Images Women hold 21% of board seats in the U.S.
  41. 41. Women-founded startups received 2% of venture money $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Venture money $ $ $ $ Source: TechCrunch
  42. 42. Women directed 4% of top-grossing movies Top-grossing movies Source: USC Annenberg and the Annenberg Foundation
  43. 43. Women were awarded 15% of scientific prizes Scientific awards Source: The Conversation
  44. 44. 23% Women 77% Women Teachers Superintendents Education Source: Education Week, Bellwether Education Partners
  45. 45. 14% Women 31% Women Farmers Principal operators Agriculture Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
  46. 46. 19% Women 60% Women Food prep workers Chefs Restaurants Source: DATA USA, Rewards Network
  47. 47. Source: USA Today; Image: Razvan Chisu/500Px Plus/Getty Images Women are paid 20% less than men in the U.S.
  48. 48. Source: UN Women; Image: Jasmin Merdan/Moment/Getty Images Women are paid 23% less globally
  49. 49. years to close the gender pay gap globally Source: The Guardian 202
  50. 50. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Image: JodiJacobson/E+/Getty Images In the U.S., nearly two-thirds of minimum wage workers are women
  51. 51. Source: National Women’s Law Center; Image: Ben Bloom/Photodisc/Getty Images And 1 in 8 women live in poverty in the U.S.
  52. 52. All of this is set against a backdrop of global inequality
  53. 53. Source: World Hunger; Image: Spencer Platt/Getty Images News Half a billion women and girls lack sufficient nutrition
  54. 54. Source: The World Bank; Image: Spencer Platt/Getty Images Europe Over 15 million girls will never set foot in school
  55. 55. Source: The United Nations; Image: Lauren DeCicca/Getty Images AsiaPac 49 countries have no laws protecting women from domestic violence
  56. 56. Source: The United Nations; Image: delihayat/E+/Getty Images 39 countries don’t allow women to inherit property equally
  57. 57. Source: World Economic Forum; Image: Ulet Ifansasti /Getty Images AsiaPac 18 countries allow husbands to legally prevent their wives from working
  58. 58. The good news: We took many steps forward in 2018
  59. 59. Source: Quartz; Image: Scott Eisen/Getty Images News Nearly 4,000 women ran in federal and state-wide races
  60. 60. Source: The Washington Post; Image: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News Women won 102 House seats…
  61. 61. Source: The Washington Post; Image: Zach Gibson/Getty Images News 14 Senate seats…
  62. 62. Source: The Washington Post; Image: Bill Pugliano/Getty Images News And 9 governorships…
  63. 63. Their diversity is record-breaking too Source: The New York Times; Images: Alex Wong, Whitney Curtis, Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News, Jamey Guy/Minnesota Monthly
  64. 64. Now the 2020 presidential race is on! Source: WGBH; Images: Aaron P. Bernstein, Chip Somodevilla, Drew Angerer, Mason Trinca/Getty Images News
  65. 65. Around the world, policy makers are stepping up
  66. 66. Source: The New York Times; Image: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images North America Illinois finally ratified the Equal Rights Amendment
  67. 67. Source: NPR; Image: Andrea_Hill/DigitalVision Vectors/Getty Images California became the first state to require that women serve on boards
  68. 68. Source: Bloomberg; Image: KARRASTOCK/Moment/Getty Images Iceland showed leadership on closing the pay gap
  69. 69. Source: Telesur El Salvador passed a law to protect women from violence at work
  70. 70. Source: The Guardian; Image: Sean Gallup/Getty Images News Saudi Arabia made it legal for women to drive
  71. 71. Source: Vox; Image: Charles McQuillan/Getty Images Europe Ireland overturned an amendment banning abortion
  72. 72. Source: Time; Image: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images News Twenty corporations improved paid leave for hourly workers
  73. 73. Source: Fortune; Image: Adobe London Adobe achieved equal pay globally
  74. 74. Source: Fortune; Image: Nikki Kahn/Verbatim for LeanIn.Org P&G pledged equal representation behind the camera
  75. 75. Hollywood got tougher on sexual harassment Source: Fortune; Image: PGA
  76. 76. Source: Fortune; Image: USA Hockey The USA Women’s Hockey team won a major pay increase
  77. 77. Source: The New York Times; Image: Vogue The U.S. Open made a change for moms
  78. 78. Many women became “the first”
  79. 79. Source: The New York Times; Image: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images News Tammy Duckworth became the first U.S. Senator to give birth in office
  80. 80. Source: The Guardian; Image: Phillip Faraone/Getty Images Entertainment Stacey Cunningham became the first woman to head the New York Stock Exchange
  81. 81. Source: CNN; Image: U.S. Army Laura Richardson became the first woman to lead the largest U.S. Army command
  82. 82. Source: Marie Claire; Image: Neilson Barnard/Getty Images Entertainment Ava DuVernay became the highest- grossing Black woman director in history
  83. 83. Source: The Washington Post; Image: Getty Images News Kendall Coyne Schofield was the first woman to compete in the NHL All-Star skills competition
  84. 84. Source: The Washington Post; Image: Carlos Alvarez/Getty Images Europe Angela Ponce became the first transgender woman to compete in the Miss Universe Pageant
  85. 85. Source: Earther; Image: Cultbizztech Greta Thunberg launched the first-ever school strike for climate
  86. 86. Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, dedicated citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has. Margaret Mead
  87. 87. Special thanks to This presentation contains stock photographs, for illustrative purposes only, and does not show persons who have actually experienced the events or situations addressed. Images on cover: Ian Ross Pettigrew/Moment/Getty Images, Morsa Images/DigitalVision/Getty Images, Tara Moore/DigitalVision/Getty Images

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