By: Leah Jones-Rodriguez CS 902, Ruby KowaneyWest Los Angeles College December 18, 2011
Network architects design and createcomputer networks. They set-up theactual hardware for computernetworks and then test and evaluatethe networks to be sure they areworking correctly. The networks thatnetwork architects are involved ininclude local area networks(LANs), wide area networks(WANs), the internet, intranets, andother data communication systems.Network architects must also makeupgrades to systems when newsoftware and hardware are needed.The biggest new concern for networkarchitects is network security andbeing sure that information beingshared over a network is secure andsafe.
DutiesCommunicate with vendors to gather information about productsPrepare or monitor project schedules, budgets or cost controlSupervise engineers or other staff in the design of network solutionsUse network CAD software packages to optimize network designsPrepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customersMaintain or coordinate the maintenance of network peripherals, suchas printersExplain design specifications to integration or test engineersPrepare detailed network specifications, includingdiagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommendedtechnologiesMaintain networks by performing activities such as file addition,deletion, or backup
TasksDevelop conceptual, logical, or physical network designsDevelop disaster recovery plansDevelop procedures to track, project, or report network availability,reliability, capacity, or utilizationDesign, organize, and deliver product awareness, skills transfer, orproduct education sessions for staff or suppliersDetermine specific network hardware or software requirements, suchas platforms, interfaces, bandwidths, or routine schemes.Develop plans or budgets for network equipment replacementCoordinate network operations, maintenance, repairs, or upgradesCoordinate installation of new equipment
•Work in well-lighted, comfortable officesor computer laboratories•Usually work more than 50 hours/week•May be required to be “on call” outsideof normal business hours in order toresolve system failures or other problems•As computer networks expand, more ofthese workers may be able to performtheir duties from remote locations,reducing or eliminating the need to travelto the customer’s workplace•Injuries in these occupations areuncommon, but like other workers whospend long periods in front of a computerterminal typing on a keyboard, theseworkers are susceptible to eyestrain, backdiscomfort, and hand and wrist problemssuch as carpal tunnel syndrome
•bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field generally is required, although some employers prefer applicants with a master’s degree in business administration (MBA) with a concentration in information systems. MBA programs usually require 2 years of study beyond the undergraduate degree, and, like undergraduate business programs, include courses on finance, marketing, accounting, andSchools: management, as well as database management, • ITT Technical Institute electronic business, and systems management •AUI Online and design •Ashford University •may be required to have several years of relevant •Colorado Technical University work experience
•Computers and Electronics- Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips,electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applicationsand programming•Telecommunications- Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, controland operation of telecommunications systems•Engineering and Technology- Knowledge of the practical application of engineeringscience and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures,and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services•Customer and Personal Service- Knowledge of principles and processes forproviding customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment,meeting quality standards for services and evaluation of customer satisfaction•Mathematics- Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics andtheir applications•Administration and Management- Knowledge of business and managementprinciples involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resourcesmodeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people andresources
•Installing and managing routers & switches, firewalls andIDS/IPS security devices.•Hands on experience with routing protocols (OSPF, BGP,EIGRP etc).• IP networking, utilizing Juniper and Cisco hardware; andall types of IP routing utilizing a range of routingprotocols.•Hands-on experience solving network problems.Experience using protocol analyzers and understanding ofcommunication protocol details.•SSL and/or IPSec VPN, network load-balancers, protocolanalysis (Sniffer), web proxy, SMTP e-mail relay and spamfiltering, SNMP, DNS and VMWare.
The projected outlook for networkarchitects is expected to increase by 53%from 2008 to 2018, which places itselfamong one of the fastest growingoccupation. Demand for networkarchitects and engineers will increase asorganizations continue to upgrade their ITcapacity and incorporate the newesttechnologies. The growing reliance onwireless networks will result in a need formany more of these workers. Workers withknowledge of information security also willbe in demand, as computer networkstransmit an increasing amount of sensitivedata.
Computer network, systems, and database administrators. Bureau of LaborStatistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition.Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2 Penn Plaza, Suite 701, NewYork, NY 10121-0701. Phone: (800) 342-6626.Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), 1815 S. Meyers Rd.,Suite 300, Oakbrook Terrace, IL 60181-5228. Phone: (630) 678-8300. Fax:(630) 268-1384.IEEE Computer Society, 1730 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC20036-1992. Phone: (202) 371-0101. Fax: (202) 728-9614.Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP), 2350 E. DevonAve., Suite 115, Des Plaines, IL 60018-4610. Phone: (847) 299-4227. Fax:(847) 299-4280.National Workforce Center for Emerging Technologies (NWCET), BellevueCommunity College, 3000 Landerholm Circle SE, N258, Bellevue, WA 98007-6484. Phone: (425) 564-4229. Fax: (425) 564-6193.