Greek Influences on ART•Greek influence is evident in the art,architecture and religion at P & H. Greeks hadoccupied the towns early in their history andRomans generally had a fascination with allthings Greek.•Frescoes on the walls of houses and publicbuildings are an Italian practice, but theyincorporate Greek elements – Greek columnsand scenes related to Greek mythology andreligion. (FIND EXAMPLES) Hercules, Nessus, And Deianira III Style, House of the Centaur, Pompeii
Fresco from the villa of P. FannioSinistore in Boscoreale, currentlylocated in the Metropolitan Museumof Art, New York.This extraordinarily well preservedimage makes remarkable use ofperspective and colour to create animmersive.It is unknown what the function ofthe orb on the table is, perhaps it is aglass bowl with a butterfly patternon it.
Greek Influences on ART•Statues of Greek heroes andgods – Apollo, Dionysus &Hercules, also provideevidence of Greek influence.Many are thought to be copiesof Greek originals.•Frescoes and Mosaics featureaspects of Greek drama whichhad been absorbed into Romanculture – masks of comediesand tragedies. Comedy mask. Roman mosaic from the Casa del Fauno (VI•Library of Greek works and 12, 2-5) in Pompeii.copies of Greek statues found Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples)in THE HOUSE OF PAPYRI
Theatre mask. Roman fresco from Pompeii.Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples)Female theatre mask. Roman fresco from Casa delBracciale dOro (VI 17, 42) in Pompeii.
Egyptian Influences on ART• Once Egypt became part of the Roman Empire and Egyptian craftsmen began working in Italy, Egyptian scenes and motifs became very fashionable• Mosaics featured Egyptian plants and animals – THE NILE MOSIAC IN THE HOUSE OF THE FAUN THE NILE MOSIAC IN THE HOUSE OF THE FAUN
Egyptian Influences on ARTThe spectacular ALEXANDER MOSAIC (ALSO FROM THE HOUSE OF THE FAUN) was created by Egyptian craftsmen. It depicts the battle between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia
Alexander the Great– Alexander Mosaic – House of the Faun
Darius III – Alexander Mosaic – House of the Faun
Egyptian Influences on ART• Statuettes and amulets have been found showing the Egyptian god BES, protector of women and children. Used to ward off evil spirits.• The Egyptian goddess ISIS was very popular in P & H. The goddess and her worship were featured in frescoes and statues – HOUSE OF OCTAVIUS QUATRIO IN POMPEII• Decorative use of Sphinxes and other Egyptian motifs in mosaics and frescoes Roman fresco in the temple of ISIS in Pompeii. Io is welcomed in Egypt by ISIS. BES
ARCHICTECTURE• Temples reflect Greek influences – the TEMPLE OF APOLLO has a peristyle and use of columns which are Greek, blended with a high platform and small cella which are Roman in style. Temple of Apollo - Pompeii
ARCHICTECTURE• Public porticoes and buildings using columns, such as the basilica, used all 3 types of Greek columns – DORIC, IONIC and CORINTHIAN
ARCHICTECTURE• The peristyle structure – a columned portico around an internal courtyard – is a Greek architectural feature which is common in large public complexes such as the BATHS and PALAESTRA Peristyle garden from Pompeii Peristyle ideas used in the PALAESTRA - Pompeii
ARCHICTECTURE• Theatres also reflect Greek influence, compressing the major elements of Greek theatre design into one – theatron, orchestra and skene. The quadriporticus with DORIC colonnade, built adjacent to the theatres was also of Greek design quadriporticus
RELIGION• Greek influence evident in the older temples featuring Greek deities which were later adopted into Romanised forms. Some retained their Greek names – APOLLO, or were given Roman names but remained essentially Greek – Aphrodite became Venus, Dionysus became Bacchus Bacchus and Mt Vesuvius and Venus
RELIGION• The Egyptian Goddess ISIS, popular among women and sailors, had a large following in both towns. Dozens of household shrines to ISIS have been found in Pompeii. A shrine to ISIS, SERAPIS and ANUBIS was found in the HOUSE OF THE GILDED CUPIDS
RELIGION• There was a substantial temple to ISIS in Pompeii, which contained statues to ISIS, OSIRIS and HORUS. It was a banquet hall and a small room for storing NILE WATER for purification.
RELIGION• The Temple of ISIS had been badly damaged in the earthquake of 62 but had been fully reconstructed by the time of the eruption in 79