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2c.5v everyday life - health


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2c.5v everyday life - health

  1. 1. Everyday Life - Health
  2. 2. Everyday Life - Health• The main evidence for the health of the population comes from the investigations of skeletal remains• Estelle Lazer examined skeletons from Pompeii and Sara Bisel and Luigi Carpasso examined those from Herculaneum
  3. 3. Everyday Life - Health • Some general conclusions about health, height, gender and age can be drawn from examining the bones • Overall, skeletons present a good sample of the population, including men, women and children, although infants and juveniles are under represented because their remains are less likely to have survived
  4. 4. Everyday Life - Health• The condition of the bones suggests a reasonably healthy population• On average female skeletons are shorter than the males, 155cm compared with 168cm, a little taller than modern Neapolitans• On the basis of minerals present in the bones, Bisel concludes that most people in Herculaneum ate vegetables and seafood rather than a large amount of meat to obtain their protein
  5. 5. Everyday Life - Health • Teeth in some skeletons show considerable wear, sometimes down to the gum line, due mainly to the grit in bread resulting from the flour milling process • Lazer has made some deductions about disease, although she cautions that not all diseases show up in bones • She has found evidence of respiratory problems and symptoms of a menopausal condition in some of the female remains
  6. 6. Everyday Life - Health• Bisel and Carpasso have interpreted the signs of muscle usage as evidence of heavy manual work• Lazer cautions that there may be other explanations, perhaps heavy athletic training would have produced similar evidence
  7. 7. Everyday Life - Health • Collections of surgical instruments have been uncovered in different locations in Pompeii, including tweezers, forceps, probes, clamps, pliers, instruments for drilling into bone and instruments for manipulating fractured bones • Two skeletons provide evidence of trepanation, an operation involving the removal of a piece of skull to help relieve pressure on the brain • Both patients survived the operation