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2c.5iv everyday life - baths


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2c.5iv everyday life - baths

  1. 1. Everyday Life - Baths
  2. 2. Everyday Life - Baths• The main evidence for the baths (thermae) as an aspect of everyday life comes from the buildings themselves• In Pompeii the main public baths were the Forum Baths, the Stabian Baths and the Suburban Baths• In Herculaneum the Central Baths and the Suburban (or Marine) Baths have been uncovered
  3. 3. Everyday Life - Baths• These public baths were substantial buildings with several large rooms, some of which were equipped with luxurious features such as mosaics, marble fittings and glass windows
  4. 4. Everyday Life - Baths• Most houses did not have bathrooms• A visit to the public baths was a matter of personal hygiene, but it was also a social activity• There were places for exercise, business and relaxation, and people could have a massage as well as a bath
  5. 5. Everyday Life - Baths• Men and women bathed separately• In some baths there were separate entrances and rooms for men and women• In others men and women used the same facilities, but at different times of the day
  6. 6. Everyday Life - Baths• The baths had similar features and there was a conventional bathing routine• Bathers would undress in the change room (apodyterium); enter the caldarium to take a hot bath, after which the sweat and oil were scraped away with a strigil• Then off to the tepidarium for a warm bath, followed by a plunge in a cold bath, the frigidarium
  7. 7. Everyday Life - Baths• The tepidarium and the caldarium were heated by a hypocaust, which circulated hot air from the furnaces beneath the floor and through pipes set into the wall• The large number of lamps excavated at the Stabian Baths in Pompeii suggest that they were open at night