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Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa
Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of D...
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5.2 s.pss applied to dre best practices vezzoli bacchetti_delfino

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5.2 s.pss applied to dre best practices vezzoli bacchetti_delfino

  1. 1. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy course System Design for Sustainability (SDS) Learning resources 5.2 BEST PRACTICES OF S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE Carlo Vezzoli / Elisa Bacchetti / Emanuela Delfino / Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano /DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design /Italy
  2. 2. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy CONTENTS . KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF BEST PRACTICES . BEST PRACTICES OF S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE . SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO . GUIDELINES TO DESIGN S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE
  3. 3. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS • ADDING VALUE TO PRODUCT LIFE-CYCLE • PROVIDING FINAL RESULT TO CUSTOMERS • ENABLING PLATFORM FOR CUSTOMERS 2. OWNERSHIP ON MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES • CUSTOMER OWNERSHIP • COOPERATIVE OWNERSHIP • PROVIDER OWNERSHIP • HYBRID OWNERSHIP 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS • DISTRIBUTED / STAND ALONE • DISTRIBUTED / MINI GRID (or LOCAL ENERGY NETWORK) • DECENTRALIZED / MINI GRID • DECENTRALIZED / NO GRID (or RECHARGE CENTRE) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES • MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR STORAGE RELATED SERVICE • ENERGY USING PRODUCTS RELATED • LOCAL MINI GRID SERVICE KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF BEST PRACTICES 1/2
  4. 4. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 5. WHAT IS PAID BY THE CUSTOMERS • AMOUNT OF WATT (PAYxWAT), POST-PAID or PRE-PAID • RENT TO OWN • AMOUNT OF USE (PAYxUSE), PRE-PAID or POST-PAID • AMOUNT OF TIME OF ACCESS (PAYxPERIOD), PRE-PAID or POST-PAID • HYBRID PAYxUSE + PAYxPERIOD 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE S.PSS OFFER • INSTALLATION • SERVICES DURING USE (MAINTENANCE, REPAIR, UPGRADING, SUBSTITUTION,…) • END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT • PURE BUSINESS • PUBBLIC SUPPORT • PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) • HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF BEST PRACTICES 2/2
  5. 5. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy M-KOPA Solar, Nairobi, Kenya Provider (manager): M-KOPA Kenya Ltd Designer (partners): Safaricom, dlight Solar and eseye Web-site: www.m-kopa.com
  6. 6. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy M-KOPA SOLAR video
  7. 7. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy DESCRIPTION M-KOPA sells solar home kits, offering customize affordable payment plans, with an initial deposit + daily payments for up to one year. After completing payments, customers own the product outright. The service provides two different products at affordable renting prices: - The 0,5$/day(+29$ deposit) kit includes 3 lights, 1 phone charging, 4W high quality solar panel, 1 year warranty, 1 year payment term - The 0,6$/day(+34$ deposit) kit includes 3 lights, 1 phone charging, a solar rechargeable radio, 5W high quality solar panel, 2 year warranty, 1 year payment term M-KOPA Solar, Nairobi, Kenya
  8. 8. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS STAND ALONE MINI GRID (or LOCAL ENERGY NETWORK) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR STORAGE LOCAL MINI GRID ENERGY USING PRODUCTS RELATED 5. WHAT IS PAID BY THE CUSTOMER xWATT RENTtoOWN PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS S.PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT HYBRID KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF M-KOPA Solar 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM SERVICES DURING USECOOPERATIVE * DEPOSIT FEE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) DISTRIBUTED
  9. 9. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Solar Transitions pilot project, Ikisaya Village, Kenya Provider (manager): Isikaya Energy Group (CBO) Designer (funder): UiO Department of Sociology and Human Geography Website: www.sv.uio.no/iss/english/research/projects/solar-transitions
  10. 10. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  11. 11. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy The energy centre is based on a 2.16 KW solar PV system which provides energy for a range of services: • lantern charging and renting • battery charging • charging mobile phones • IT-services (typing, printing and photo-copying) • television and video shows Customers pay hybrid solutions: an initial membership fee + the service selected. Solar Transitions pilot project, Ikisaya Village, Kenya DESCRIPTION The village energy centre provides affordable and accessible basic lighting and electricity services for off-grid communities.
  12. 12. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS MINI GRID NO GRID (or RECHARGE CENTRE) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS RELATED 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE * MEMBERSHIP FEE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF Solar Transition DECENTRALIZED
  13. 13. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Shared Solar, Ruhira Village, Uganda Provider (manager): Shared Solar Designer (funder): Shared Solar (within the project Millennium Villages). Website: sharedsolar.org
  14. 14. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SHARED SOLAR video
  15. 15. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Customers pre-pay for the service when they want/need, in amounts of their choosing and there are no monthly fees. Customers can access their use and balance data, make payments using mobile phones. Since the demand is increasing new renewable sources are starting to be considered (hydro, wind,...). Shared Solar, Ruhira Village, Uganda DESCRIPTION SHARED SOLAR settled up a solar energy station which feed into a mini-grid that connects household and businesses to a main meter (the current system is connecting from 75 up to 120 houses).
  16. 16. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER MINI GRID NO GRID (or RECHARGE CENTRE) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE S.PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF Shared Solar 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS DECENTRALIZED
  17. 17. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Qurrent, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Provider (manager): Qurrent Designer (funder): Qurrent Website: www.qurrent.nl
  18. 18. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Qurrent, Amsterdam, The Netherlands DESCRIPTION Qurrent sells to its members renewable solar energy, and allows them to produce and manage renewable solar energy by their own. Each member has a Qbox device to visualize his own energy expenses, and a personal account on the Qmunity platform. The service is delivered by a common Qserver. Each member pay a monthly fee according to his energy expenses; members can decide to buy a solar panel (established by Qurrent in the common solar park) to produce energy, having discounts on the monthly fee. Qurrent allow members to share energy, building the system on the local/public grid.
  19. 19. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER MINI GRID NO GRID (or RECHARGE CENTRE) MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS POST-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE * INVESTMENT TO REDUCE ENERGY COSTS LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF Qurrent 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS DECENTRALIZED 4. PSS BOUNDARIES
  20. 20. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy INDIGO, Africa (Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan) Provider (manager): Azuri Technologies Designer: Azuri Technologies and Eight 19’s Web-site: www.azuri-technologies.com/indigo
  21. 21. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy INDIGO, Africa (Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan) DESCRIPTION Indigo provides solar home kits to customers which buy an Indigo scratch card to pay for the energy and the service will be activated for a period of time (usually one week). Customers pay an initial fee of about $10 to have the solar system installed and about $1.5 for each weekly scratch card. The customer become owner of the solar home kit after 18 months payments: the device is unlocked. After a period of time, the customer have the opportunity to upgrade to a larger system and access to more energy through the Indigo Escalator (3W to 80W).
  22. 22. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy INDIGO video
  23. 23. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER STAND ALONE MINI GRID (or LOCAL ENERGY NETWORK) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE * INITIAL FEE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIGO 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS DISTRIBUTED
  24. 24. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy The Sun Shines for All, Porto Alegre, Brazil Provider (manager): Sistemas de Tecnologia Agroelectro (STA) Designer: Fábio Luiz de Oliveira Rosa Web-site: energymap-scu.org/ideaas
  25. 25. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Customers sign a three-year service contract (all of the tangible inputs are owned by the provider). Customers pay an installation fee plus monthly fee for the use of cost-effective solar energy packages (10$/month). Fee includes maintenance and repair. The Sun Shines for All, Porto Alegre, Brazil DESCRIPTION TSSFA company aims at bringing sustainable electric power to off-grid communities through solar home system rentals. The solar home kits include the hardware to generate solar energy + the installation service + products that use the electricity, e.g. lighting and electrical outlets.
  26. 26. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER STAND ALONE MINI GRID (or LOCAL ENERGY NETWORK) 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE * INITIAL FEE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF The Sun Shines for All 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS DISTRIBUTED
  27. 27. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy BPC Lesedi, Gaborone, Botswana Provider (manager): BPC (the National Energy Provider)(55%) + EDF (45%) Designer: BPC Lesedi Web-site: www.bpclesedi.co.bw
  28. 28. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy BPC Lesedi, Gaborone, Botswana DESCRIPTION BPC Lesedi is a rural electrification programme and its franchises around the village sell and maintain the equipment (portable LED lamps, improved wood stoves etc.). BPC Lesedi provides business support to franchisees and provides technical and business skills training. Photovoltaic plants connected to mini power grids will bring electricity to the largest villages. To generate revenue it receives royalties from local franchises as well as a portion of monthly service charges paid by customers. The franchises generate income with the portion of monthly service charges they keep, equipment sales.
  29. 29. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS MINI GRID NO GRID (or RECHARGE POINT) DECENTRALIZED 4. PSS BOUNDARIES MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF BPC Lesedi
  30. 30. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Yeleen Kura , South eastern Mali Provider (manager): EDF (5%) + NUON (Dutch energy company)(45%) Designer: 2nd Rural Energy Service Company: Yeleen Kura (The new light) Web-site: www.bpclesedi.co.bw
  31. 31. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy Yeleen Kura , South eastern Mali DESCRIPTION Yeelen Kura provides electricity based on solar home systems (PV kits). Solar home systems are stand-alone, household-sized, photo- voltaic electricity generation systems comprised of a solar panel, battery, controller and related wiring. The solar systems have panels ranging in capacity from 43 Wp to 120 Wp. Family expenditures on electricity are the same or less than they would previously spend for traditional sources of light and energy (oil lamps, batteries, candles, etc).The fees are collected periodically (at a payment frequency chosen by the customer), generally on a monthly basis.
  32. 32. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS MINI GRID NO GRID DECENTRALIZED MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF Yeelen Kura 4. PSS BOUNDARIES
  33. 33. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy OFF-GRID:ELECTRIC, Arusha, Tanzania Provider (manager): M-POWER Designer: OFF-GRID:ELECTRIC Web-site: offgrid-electric.com
  34. 34. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy OFF-GRID:ELECTRIC, Arusha, Tanzania DESCRIPTION Off-Grid Electric does not sell a product, but rather provides an energy service under the designation M-POWER. Villages and their residents are given the opportunity to achieve individual electrification using solar energy. A PAYxUSE is used. These plug-and-play home systems are installed in the homes of the customers. The provider takes care of installation, maintenance and repair, the customer pays only for the service including the different electrical appliances, such as provided LED lamps and mobile phone charging adapter. Therefore the customers take no risks. The customer sends an SMS with the amount to be paid to the provider and through an unlock code the system get unlocked for the paid period.
  35. 35. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. MICRO GENERATOR AND/OR ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP CUSTOMER HYBRIDPROVIDER 3. TYPE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS MICRO GENERATOR & STORAGE ENERGY USING PRODUCTS 5. PAYMENT TYPES FOR CUSTOMERS PRE-PAID 5.1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PSS? INSTALLATION END-OF LIFE TREATEMENT 6. TYPE OF FINANCING (INITIAL) INVESTMENT 1. TYPE OF SUSTAINABLE PSS ADDING VALUE PROVIDING FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM COOPERATIVE STAND ALONE MINI GRID (or LOCAL ENERGY NETWORK) DISTRIBUTED * INITIAL FEE LOCAL MINI GRID xWATT RENTtoOWN HYBRID PURE BUSINESS HYBRID PUBBLIC + PRIVATE SUPPORT SERVICES DURING USE xUSE xPERIOD PUBLIC SUPPORT PRIVATE SUPPORT (DONATION) KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF OFF-GRID: Electric 4. PSS BOUNDARIES
  36. 36. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy FINAL RESULT ENABLING PLATFORM STAND ALONE MINI GRID M-KOPA SOLAR TRANSITION SHARED SOLAR QURRENT INDIGO THE SUN SHINES FOR ALL OFF-GRID ELECTRIC BPC LESEDI YELEEN KURA SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO
  37. 37. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy MICRO GENERATOR/ACCESSORIES OWNERSHIP • Create a cooperative ownership model where the micro generator and the accessories (to produce and use energy) are owned by the community or group of people. • Create a provider ownership model where the micro generator and the accessories (to produce and use energy) are all owned by the provider. • Create a hybrid ownership model where the micro generator and the accessories (to produce and use energy) are owned by a partnership of companies. ENERGY SYSTEM TYPES • Create stand alone distributed energy systems • Create mini-grids or local networks that connect distributed energy systems • Create mini-grids or local networks that distribute energy produced from a decentralized energy system • Create a decentralized energy centre (or recharge energy centre) PSS BOUNDARIES • Offer micro generator service • Offer storage energy service • Offer energy using products • Create/offer a local mini grid service GUIDELINES TO DESIGN S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE 1/2
  38. 38. Carlo Vezzoli, Elisa Bacchetti, Emanuela Delfino, Fiammetta Costa Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy CUSTOMER PURCHASE •Offer customizable and affordable payment plans to customers: payment based on the amount of energy (watt) used (post-paid / pre-paid) payment based on the amount of time the energy is used (post-paid / pre-paid) payment based on a periodical availability/access (post-paid / pre-paid) payment based on hybrid .. •Offer familiar method of payment/recharging such as scratch cards, mobile money, cell phone, GSM modem inside the device, etc. SERVICE OFFERED IN THE PSS • Include in the S.PSS offer the installation service (done by the provider) • Provide in the S.PSS offer services during use such as maintenance, repairing, upgrading, substitution, etc. • Offer in the S.PSS offer services of end-of life treatment INITIAL INVESTMENT FINANCING • Access to micro-credit • Create a crowdfunding challenge • Partnership with governmental bodies providing public support • Partnership with private company institution as sponsor/donator • Public-private partnership providing financial support GUIDELINES TO DESIGN S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE 2/2

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