Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

5.1 sustainable energy for all vezzoli 14-15_(34)

576 views

Published on

  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

5.1 sustainable energy for all vezzoli 14-15_(34)

  1. 1. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . DESIGN dept. . DIS . School of Design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability (EU asia-link) Learning Network on Sustainabile energy systems (EU edulink) course System Design for Sustainability (SDS) learning resource 5.1 Sustainable energy for all
  2. 2. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy . sustainable development is not possible without a sustainable energy for all . Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE): key leverage for a sustainable development . Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS): a promising model for Distributed Renewable Energy (DRE) CONTENTS
  3. 3. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT POSSIBLE WITHOUT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL
  4. 4. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy source: http://www.un.org/en/events/sustainableenergyforall/index.shtml
  5. 5. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy energy is the world’s largest industrial sector whose output is an essential input to almost every good and service energy services have a profound effect on: . health . food and water security . education . communication services . productivity …. ACCESS TO ENERGY STRONGLY CONTRIBUTE TO REDUCE INEQUALITY AND POVERTY
  6. 6. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT POSSIBLE WITHOUT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY” the UNITED NATIONS General Assembly (resolution 65/151)… … has designated “2012 INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL” … and unanimously declared "2014-2024 THE DECADE OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL"
  7. 7. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy THREE INTER-LINKED OBJECTIVES: to be achieved by 2030 necessary for long-term sustainable development . ENSURE universal ACCESS to modern energy services . DOUBLE the rate of improvement in energy EFFICIENCY . DOUBLE the share of RENEWABLE energy in the global energy mix SUSTAINABILITY ENERGY FOR ALL: UN AGENDA
  8. 8. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy THE EXISTING ENERGY SYSTEM IN DEFINITELY UNSUSTAINABLE! SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REQUIRE A PARADIGM SHIFT IN ENERGY SECTOR
  9. 9. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2. DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: KEY LEVERAGE FOR A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  10. 10. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY (DRE) A (THE) PROMISING MODEL AIMING AT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALL a paradigm shift alternative to traditional centralised and non-renewable (e.g. fossil fuels) system of energy generation and distribution
  11. 11. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 2 CHARACTERISING ELEMENTS . SYSTEM STRUCTURE: from centralised to decentralised and distributed energy systems . TYPE OF ENERGY SOURCES: from non-renewable to renewable energy sources DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  12. 12. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 12 SYSTEM STRUCTURE: from centralised to decentralised and distributed energy systems large power plant that deliver energy via great transmission and distribution networks CENTRALISED ENERGY SYSTEM DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  13. 13. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 13 SYSTEM STRUCTURE: from centralised to decentralised and distributed energy systems small scale generation plants, that deliver energy to local consumer (eventually connected with others) DECENTRALISED ENERGY SYSTEM DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  14. 14. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 14 SYSTEM STRUCTURE: from centralised to decentralised and distributed energy systems small scale generation plants at the point of use (eventually connected with others) DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEM DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  15. 15. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM STRUCTURE from centralised to decentralised and distributed SYSTEM STRUCTURE: from centralised to decentralised and distributed energy systems DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  16. 16. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 16 GEOTHERMAL HYDRO WAVE WIND TIDAL BIOMASSSOLAR TYPE OF ENERGY SOURCES DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY
  17. 17. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: CHARACTERISTICS . renewable resources: sun, wind, water, biomass, geothermal energy . small-scale generation plants . generation at or near the point of use . end-users are the producers: individuals, small businesses and/or communities . can be connected with each other to share energy surpuls
  18. 18. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy THE TOTAL SOLAR IRRADIATION OF THE SUN IS ABOUT 50 MILLION GW WHICH IS 10.000 TIMES MORE THAN THE ENERGY USED BY THE WORLD POPULATION to satisfy the world energy needs would be enough a surface of 500.000 km2 of Photovoltaic panels
  19. 19. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 19 how big surface of photovoltaic plants would be enough to meet the (country) Italian demand for energy? the Italian energy demand is about 340,000 GWh/year the surface required to install a PV plant to produce 340,000 GWh/year is 2.890 Km2 it would be enough to cover existing building of the Lombardy region to meet the national energy need: around 1% of the total Italian surface
  20. 20. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy off-grid local mini-grid main grid connected distributed decentralized DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: CONFIGURATIONS
  21. 21. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM STRUCTURE from centralised to decentralised and distributed DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES from non-renewable to renewable a paradigm shift alternative to traditional centralised and non-renewable (e.g. fossil fuels) system of energy generation and distribution
  22. 22. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “A small-scale generation plant sourced by renewable energy resources (such as sun, wind, water, biomass and geothermal energy), at or near the point of use, where the user is the producer, whether an individual, a small business and/or a local community. Nearby generation plants can be connected with each other to share the energy surplus (local mini-grid)”. [LeNSes proposal, EU Edulink project, 2013-2016] DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY: DEFINITION
  23. 23. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy WHY ARE DRE ENVIRONMENTALLY AND SOCIOETHICALLY SUSTAINABLE? LET’S COMPARE DRE WITH NON-RENEWABLE CENTRALISED ENERGY SYSTEMS
  24. 24. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy NON-RENEWABLE + CENTRALISED RENEWABLE + DISTRIBUTED based on exhausting resources high greenhouse gases emission (global warming) environmental impact of extraction and refinement processes (high energy transmission losses) based on non-exhaustable resources low greenhouse gases emission lower environmental impact for extraction, transformation, distribution (low energy transmission losses) ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
  25. 25. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy NON-RENEWABLE + CENTRALISED RENEWABLE + DISTRIBUTED SOCIO-ETHICAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY big-scale generation plants require high economic investment complex to be realised and managed low direct access to resources > low power to individual over their own destiny > widening rich AND poor gap small generation scale plants require low economic investment easy to be installed, maintain and managed allow individuals and local communities install/manage plants > democratisation of access to resources > enhance local employment and dissemination of competences
  26. 26. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 26 MORE FLEXIBLE AND RESILIENT NON-RENEWABLE + CENTRALISED RENEWABLE + DISTRIBUTED SOCIO-ETHICAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
  27. 27. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy “the creation of a renewable energy regime, loaded by buildings, partially stored in the form of hydrogen, distributed via an energy internet—a smart intergrid—and connected to plug in zero emission transport, opens the door to a Third Industrial Revolution.” [Rifkin, 2011] THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  28. 28. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 1. shifting to renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, ocean waves and biomass) 2. buildings as power plants 3. deploying hydrogen and other storage technologies in every building and throughout the infrastructure to store intermittent energies 4. using internet technology to transform the power grid of every continent into an energy sharing intergrid that acts just like the internet 5. transitioning the transport fleet to electric, plug in and fuel cell vehicles that can buy and sell electricity on a smart continental interactive power grid PILLARS OF THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION [Rifkin, 2011]
  29. 29. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy 3. SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEM (S.PSS): A PROMISING MODEL FOR DISTRIBUTED RENEWABLE ENERGY (DRE)
  30. 30. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy … a paradigm shift from traditional individual consumption/ownership systems PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS (PSS): an offer/business models capable of creating (new) value decoupling it from the materials and energy consumption and reducing the environmental impact SELLING PRODUCT TO “UNIT OF SATISFACTION” VALUE INDIVIDUAL OWNERSHIP TO ACCESS INNOV. TECHNOLOGICAL TO STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION
  31. 31. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE IN LOW-INCOME CONTEXTS: AN EXAMPLE
  32. 32. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SOLAR HOME KITS electricity + lamps > light it is environmentally sustainable because it uses the solar energy + it is socioethically sustainable because give to poor people access to useful services + it is economically sustainable because is a business for TSSFA company. TSSFA company offers to Brasilian rural people a solar home kits that include the hardware to generate solar energy + the installation service + products that use the electricity, e.g. lighting and electrical outlets. Customers sign a three-year service contract (all of the tangible inputs are owned by the provider).
  33. 33. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS (LeNSes) S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE, SUSTAINABLE OPPORTUNITIES IN LOW AND MIDDLE-INCOME (ALL) CONTEXTS: “A S.PSS approach may act as a business opportunity to facilitate the diffusion of DRE-based value production system (satisfaction system) in low and middle-income (all) contexts, because they reduce/cut both the initial (capital) cost of access to energy and the running cost of maintenance, repairing, upgrade, etc., resulting in a key leverage for a sustainable development process aiming at democratizing access to resources, goods and services.” [LeNSes proposal, EU edulink project, 2013-2016]
  34. 34. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS (LeNSes project) S.PSS APPLIED TO DRE: SUSTAINABLE OPPORTUNITIES IN LOW/MIDDLE INCOME (ALL) CONTEXTS + SELLING PRODUCT TO “UNIT OF SATISFACTION” CUSTOM. VALUE INDIVIDUAL OWNERSHIP TO ACCESS INNOVATION TECHNOLOGICAL TO STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION CENTRALISED TO DECENTRALISED AND DISTRIBUTED NON-RENEWABLE TO RENEWABLE STRUCTURE RESOURCE

×