3.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-13-14

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  • 3.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-13-14

    1. 1. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy course System Design for Sustainability subject 3. System design for eco-efficency learning resource 3.2 System design for eco-efficiency carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . DESIGN dept. . DIS . School of Design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability (EU asia-link) Learning Network on Sustainabile energy systems (EU edulink)
    2. 2. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy CONTENTS . system design for eco-efficiency: a definition . system design for eco-efficiency: approach . criteria of system design for eco-efficiency . system life optimisation . transportation-distribution reduction . resources reduction . waste minimisation-valorisation . conservation-biocompatibility . toxic reduction
    3. 3. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy (educationandpractice) DISSEMINATION 100% 100% 0 new research frontier … low impact mat./energies design for social equity and cohesion system design for eco-efficiency Product Life Cycle Design ecodesign widening the “object” to be designed … aim at SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: STATE OF ART (in industrially mature contexts) CONSOLIDATION (research achievements on knowledge-base and know-how)
    4. 4. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy PSS MAIN CHARACTERISTICS ROOTED IN A SATISFACTION-BASED ECONOMIC MODEL each offer is developed/designed and delivered in relation to a particular customer “satisfaction” (unit of satisfaction) STAKEHOLDER INTERACTIONS-BASED INNOVATION radical innovations, not so much as technological ones, as new interactions/partnerships between the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction production chain (life cycle/s) INTRINSIC ECO-EFFICIENCY POTENTIAL innovation in which is the company/companies’ economic and competitive interest that may leads to an environmental impact reduction (system eco-efficiency: decoupling the creation of value from resources consumption)
    5. 5. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICENCY: A DEFINITION “the design of the system of products and services that are together able to fulfil a particular customer demand (deliver a “unit of satisfaction”), based on the design of innovative interactions of the stakeholders (directly and indirectly linked to that “satisfaction” system) where the economic and competitive interest of the providers continuously seeks environmentally beneficial new solutions.” [Vezzoli et al., 2014]
    6. 6. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and services SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLS
    7. 7. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand THERE IS NOT ONE SINGLE PRODUCT TO BE DESIGNED (ASSESSED), BUT RATHER ALL THE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES (AND ALL THE RELATED PROCESSES) ASSOCIATED WITH THE FULFILMENT OF A PARTICULAR (CUSTOMER) DEMAND OF SATISFACTION ... A “SATISFACTION UNIT” COULD BE DEFINED
    8. 8. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SATISFACTION UNIT: (a car): functional unit: trasportation of 1 persosn per 1 km (possible with a car) satisfaction unit 1: 1 person having access to his/her working space (per 1 year) satisfaction unit 2: 1 person having access to public services delivering personal documents (per 1 year) . ... (possible even with other mixes of products and services) a satisfaction unit require an approach at the same time: . deeper (more products, services, stakeholders to be considered) . more narrow (looking at one particular customer satisfaction)
    9. 9. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SATISFACTION APPROACH IN DESIGN IS TO THINK MORE ON BEING (SATISFIED), RATHER ON HAVING (PRODUCTS TO BE SATISFIED) [Ehrnelfeld, Sustainability by design, 2008]
    10. 10. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and services B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction-system SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLS
    11. 11. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy [a parallel with product design: it imagines and defines the technical performance and aesthetic characteristics of “components” – materials/shape - and their “connections” – joining elements - to respond to a set of “requirements” ] systems design for eco-efficiency: it imagines and defines “connections” – interactions/partnerships – between appropriate “components” – socio-economic stakeholders – of a system, responding to a particular “requirement” - social demand for satisfaction - B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system
    12. 12. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy STAKEHOLDERS SYSTEM MAP
    13. 13. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and services B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system C. “SYSTEM ECO-EFFICIENCY” APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: NEW APPROACH AND SKILLS
    14. 14. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy > CRITERIA AND GUIDELINES ARE NEEDED > METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEEDED to orientate design towards system eco-efficent stakeholder interactions NOT ALL PSS ARE ECO-EFFICENT! C. SYSTEM ECO-EFFICENCY APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions
    15. 15. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY CRITERIA (TO REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT) . System life optimisation . Transportation-distribution reduction . Resources reduction . Waste minimisation-valorisation . Conservation-biocompatibility . Toxic reduction [ADOPTED BY POLIMI-DIS WITHIN LeNS]
    16. 16. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SYSTEM LIFE OPTIMISATION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE EXTENSION OF THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ LIFE SPAN AND THE INTENSIFICATION THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ USE
    17. 17. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE-PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH LOWER USE CONSUMPTION USE DISP. P-PR. PROD. DISTR. UPDATING OF THE COMPONENTS CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRE- PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE DISPOSAL given function in time PRE- PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE USE AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTS SHORT product’s (system sum) life EXTENDED product’s (system sum) life
    18. 18. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. use (function) during time P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. B 1 B 2 B 3A 1 A 2 A 3C 1 C 2 C 3 A 1 A 2 A 3 B 1 B 2 B 3 C 1 C 2 C 3 LIFEINDIPENDENTFROMLENGHTOFUSE AVOIDED IMPACTS product’s (system sum) NOT INTENSE life product’s (system sum) INTENSE life
    19. 19. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy TRANSPORTATION/DISTRIBUTION REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE TRANSPORTATIONS AND PACKAGINGS
    20. 20. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy RESOURCES REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE MATERIALS AND THE ENERGIES USED BY ALL PRODUCTS AND SERVICES OF THE SYSTEM
    21. 21. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy WASTE MINIMISATION/VALORISATION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM RECYCLING, ENERGY RECOVERY AND COMPOSTING AND REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE WASTE PRODUCED
    22. 22. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy PRE- PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRE-PRODUCTION material (system sum) non-extended life material (system sum) extended life AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTS
    23. 23. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy CONSERVATION/BIOCOMPATIBILITY DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S RESOURCES CONSERVATION/RENEWABILITY
    24. 24. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy TOXIC REDUCTION DESIGN FOR, SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS, THE REDUCTION/AVOIDANCE OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S MATERIALS’S TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS
    25. 25. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKIT stakeholder interaction guidelines (criteria related)
    26. 26. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy FOR DECISION MAKING (DESIGNING) identify the (environmental) design PRIORITIES: > CRITERIA relevance (relative) per system type > most promising stakeholders’ INTERACTIONS types (criteria related GUIDELINES) INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA (AND RELATED GUIDELINES) FOR A GIVEN SATISFACTION SYSTEM: - some have HIGHER RELEVANCE than others - can be SYNERGETIC or CONFLICTING
    27. 27. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKIT breif related critaria prorities qualitative identification
    28. 28. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy some methods/tools developed to orientate system design towards eco-efficent solutions: [for such new skills] NEW METHODS/TOOLS SusProNet, Network on sustainable PSS development [see Tukker &Tischner, 2006] Design4Sustainability Step by step approach [see Tischner & Vezzoli, 2009] HiCS, Highly Customerised Solutions [see Manzini et al. 2004] MEPSS, MEthodology for Product Service System development [see van Halen et al. 2005] METHODS Story board Offering diagram Interac tion table SDO toolkit System assessmen t Solution elements B l u portfoli o diagram TOOLS DESIGN Product-Service System Design for Sustainability [see Vezzoli et al., tbp 2012] Offering diagram SDO toolkitStory board Interac tion table
    29. 29. Carlo Vezzoli Politecnico di Milano / DESIGN dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy METHOD FOR SYSTEM DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY (MSDS) STRATEGIC ANALYSIS EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES SYSTEM CONCEPT DESIGN SYSTEM DESIGN (AND ENGIN.) COMMUNICATION MSDS PHASES/PROCESSES ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT PROMOTERS ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE CONTEXT ANALYSIS OF BEST PRACTICES ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE STRUCTURE DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN PRIORITIES IDEAS GENERATION ORIENTED TO SUSTAINABILITY DEVELEPMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO - VISIONS/CLUSTERS/IDEAS VISIONS, CLUSTERS AND IDEAS SELECTION SYSTEM CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT (EXECUTIVE LEVEL) ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK DOCUMENTS EDITING METHODS/TOOLS BY LeNS: SDO toolkit: environmental system design orientation on-line use, free access:www.lens.polomi.it free download open: www.lens.polimi.it > tools

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