course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 2. System design for eco-efficencylearning resource 2.2System design for ec...
CONTENTS. system design for eco-efficiency: a definition. system design for eco-efficiency: approach. criteria of system d...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: STATE OF ART                                       … aim at  100%         (in industrial...
SYSTEM INNOVATION MAIN CHARACTERISTICSROOTED IN A SATISFACTION-BASED ECONOMIC MODELeach offer is developed/designed and de...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:A DEFINITION“the design of an eco-efficientsystem of products and servicesthat are togeth...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH  design the satisfaction of a ...
A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACHdesign the satisfaction of a particular demandTHERE IS NOT ONE SINGLE PRODUCT TO BEDESIGN...
SATISFACTION UNIT:       (a car):       functional unit: trasportation of 1 persosn per 1 km(possible with a car)satisfact...
SATISFACTION APPROACH IN DESIGNIS TO THINK MORE ON BEING (SATISFIED),RATHER ON HAVING (PRODUCTS TO BESATISFIED)[Ehrnelfeld...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH  design the satisfaction of a ...
B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH   design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system[a...
STAKEHOLDERS SYSTEM MAP       Carlo Vezzoli                                                           AH-DESIGN, EU PROJEC...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACH AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH   design the satisfaction of a p...
C. SYSTEM ECO-EFFICENCY APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive re...
SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY CRITERIA(TO REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT).   System life optimisation.   Transportatio...
SYSTEM LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR  ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE EXTEN...
AVOIDED IMPACTS   LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product’s (system sum) life      PRE-                             PRE-PRODUCTION   ...
AVOIDED IMPACTS   product’s (system sum) INTENSE lifeP-PROD.   PROD.         DISTR.                                       ...
TRANSPORTATION/DISTRIBUTIONREDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS...
RESOURCES REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION OF...
WASTE MINIMISATION/VALORISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE ...
AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial (system sum) non-extended life                                             LAND...
CONSERVATION/BIOCOMPATIBILITYDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE IM...
TOXIC REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION/AVOIDA...
SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITstakeholder interaction guidelines (criteria related)           Carlo Vezzoli  ...
INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTALCRITERIA (AND RELATED GUIDELINES)FOR A GIVEN SATISFACTION SYSTEM:- some have HIGHER RE...
SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITbreif related critaria prorities qualitative identification          Carlo Vezz...
[for such new skills] NEW METHODS/TOOLS             some methods/tools developed to orientate system             design to...
MSDS PHASES/PROCESSESMETHODS/TOOLS BY LeNS:                                                               STRATEGIC ANALYS...
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2.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-11-12 (29)

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2.2 system design for eco efficiency vezzoli-11-12 (29)

  1. 1. course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 2. System design for eco-efficencylearning resource 2.2System design for eco-efficiencycarlo vezzolipolitecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . School of design . ItalyLearning Network on Sustainability Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  2. 2. CONTENTS. system design for eco-efficiency: a definition. system design for eco-efficiency: approach. criteria of system design for eco-efficiency . system life optimisation . transportation-distribution reduction . resources reduction . waste minimisation-valorisation . conservation-biocompatibility . toxic reduction Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  3. 3. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY: STATE OF ART … aim at 100% (in industrially mature contexts) d ne sig (education and practice) de be DISSEMINATION o ”t low impact t ec mat./energies bj e “o Product th Life Cycle Design n ing ecodesign de wi system design for eco-efficiency design for social equity and cohesionnewresearch 0 CONSOLIDATION 100%frontier … (research achievements on knowledge-base and know-how) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  4. 4. SYSTEM INNOVATION MAIN CHARACTERISTICSROOTED IN A SATISFACTION-BASED ECONOMIC MODELeach offer is developed/designed and delivered in relation to aparticular customer “satisfaction” (unit of satisfaction)STAKEHOLDER INTERACTIONS-BASED INNOVATIONradical innovations, not so much as technological ones, asnew interactions/partnerships between the stakeholders of aparticular satisfaction production chain (life cycle/s)INTRINSIC ECO-EFFICIENCY POTENTIALinnovation in which is the company/companies’ economic andcompetitive interest that may leads to an environmentalimpact reduction (system eco-efficiency: decoupling thecreation of value from resources consumption) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  5. 5. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:A DEFINITION“the design of an eco-efficientsystem of products and servicesthat are together able to fulfil aparticular customer demand(deliver a “unit of satisfaction”),based on the design of theinteractions of the stakeholdersdirectly and indirectly linked tothat “satisfaction” system.[Vezzoli, 2010] Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  6. 6. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and services Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  7. 7. A. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACHdesign the satisfaction of a particular demandTHERE IS NOT ONE SINGLE PRODUCT TO BEDESIGNED (ASSESSED), BUT RATHER ALL THEPRODUCTS AND SERVICES (AND ALL THERELATED PROCESSES) ASSOCIATED WITH THEFULFILMENT OF A PARTICULAR (CUSTOMER)DEMAND OF SATISFACTION... A “SATISFACTION UNIT” COULD BE DEFINED Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  8. 8. SATISFACTION UNIT: (a car): functional unit: trasportation of 1 persosn per 1 km(possible with a car)satisfaction unit 1: 1 person having access to his/her workingspace (per 1 year)satisfaction unit 2: 1 person having access to public servicesdelivering personal documents (per 1 year). ...(possible even with other mixes of products and services)a satisfaction unit require an approach at the same time:. deeper (more products, services, stakeholders to be considered). more narrow (looking at one particular customer satisfaction) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  9. 9. SATISFACTION APPROACH IN DESIGNIS TO THINK MORE ON BEING (SATISFIED),RATHER ON HAVING (PRODUCTS TO BESATISFIED)[Ehrnelfeld, Sustainability by design, 2008] Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  10. 10. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACHES AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and servicesB. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholders of a particular satisfaction-system Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  11. 11. B. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-system[a parallel with product design: it imagines and definesthe technical performance and aesthetic characteristics of“components” – materials/shape - and their“connections” – joining elements - to respond to a set of“requirements” ]systems design for eco-efficiency: it imagines and defines“connections” – interactions/partnerships –between appropriate“components” – socio-economic stakeholders –of a system, responding to a particular“requirement” - social demand for satisfaction - Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  12. 12. STAKEHOLDERS SYSTEM MAP Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  13. 13. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY:NEW APPROACH AND SKILLSA. “SATISFACTION-SYSTEM” APPROACH design the satisfaction of a particular demand (satisfaction unit) and all its related products and servicesB. “STAKEHOLDER CONFIGURATION” APPROACH design the interactions of the stakeholder of a particular satisfaction-systemC. “SYSTEM ECO-EFFICIENCY” APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutions Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  14. 14. C. SYSTEM ECO-EFFICENCY APPROACH design such a stakeholder interactions (offer model) that for economic and competitive reasons continuously seek after environmentally beneficial new solutionsNOT ALL SYSTEM INNOVATION ARE ECO-EFFICENT!> CRITERIA AND GUIDELINES ARE NEEDED> METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEEDED to orientatedesign towards system eco-efficent stakeholderinteractions Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  15. 15. SYSTEM DESIGN FOR ECO-EFFICIENCY CRITERIA(TO REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT). System life optimisation. Transportation-distribution reduction. Resources reduction. Waste minimisation-valorisation. Conservation-biocompatibility. Toxic reduction[ADOPTED BY POLIMI-DIS WITHIN LeNS] Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  16. 16. SYSTEM LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE EXTENSION OF THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ LIFE SPAN ANDTHE INTENSIFICATION THE SUM OF THE PRODUCTS’ USE Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  17. 17. AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product’s (system sum) life PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION LOWER USE CONSUMPTION USE USE DISPOSAL given function in time DISP. USE USE DISTRIBUTION DISTR. UPDATING OF THE PRODUCTION PROD. COMPONENTS CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRE- P-PR. PRODUCTION EXTENDED product’s (system sum) life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  18. 18. AVOIDED IMPACTS product’s (system sum) INTENSE lifeP-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. LIFE INDIPENDENT FROM LENGHT OF USE A 1 B 1 C1 B 2 A 2C 2 B 3A 3 C 3 use (function) during timeP-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. A1 A2 A3P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. B1 B2 B3P-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISP. C1 C2 C3 product’s (system sum) NOT INTENSE life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  19. 19. TRANSPORTATION/DISTRIBUTIONREDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE TRANSPORTATIONSAND PACKAGINGS Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  20. 20. RESOURCES REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE MATERIALSAND THE ENERGIES USED BY ALL PRODUCTS ANDSERVICES OF THE SYSTEM Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  21. 21. WASTE MINIMISATION/VALORISATIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERINGFOR ECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEMRECYCLING, ENERGY RECOVERY AND COMPOSTINGAND REDUCTION OF THE SUM OF THE WASTE PRODUCED Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  22. 22. AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial (system sum) non-extended life LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRODUCTIONmaterial (system sum) extended life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  23. 23. CONSERVATION/BIOCOMPATIBILITYDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE SUM OF THE SYSTEM’S RESOURCESCONSERVATION/RENEWABILITY Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  24. 24. TOXIC REDUCTIONDESIGN FOR,SYSTEM STAKEHOLDERS’ INTERACTIONS FOSTERING FORECONOMIC/COMPETITIVE REASONS,THE REDUCTION/AVOIDANCE OF THE SUM OF THESYSTEM’S MATERIALS’S TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  25. 25. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITstakeholder interaction guidelines (criteria related) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  26. 26. INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTALCRITERIA (AND RELATED GUIDELINES)FOR A GIVEN SATISFACTION SYSTEM:- some have HIGHER RELEVANCE than others- can be SYNERGETIC or CONFLICTINGFOR DECISION MAKING (DESIGNING)identify the (environmental) design PRIORITIES:> CRITERIA relevance (relative) per system type> most promising stakeholders’ INTERACTIONS types (criteria related GUIDELINES) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  27. 27. SDO SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING TOOLKITbreif related critaria prorities qualitative identification Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  28. 28. [for such new skills] NEW METHODS/TOOLS some methods/tools developed to orientate system design towards eco-efficent solutions: HiCS, Highly MEPSS, MEthodology SusProNet, Network Design4Sustainability Product-Service Customerised for Product Service on sustainable PSS Step by step System Design for Solutions System development development approach Sustainability [see Manzini et [see van Halen et al. [see Tukker [see Tischner & [see Vezzoli et al., al. 2004] 2005] &Tischner, 2006] Vezzoli, 2009] tbp 2012] METHODSDESIGN TOOLS St o r y I nt e r a c b o aSDO rd B po r t f o l i t io n So l ut io n t o o l k it Offering diagram l o d ia g r a m tSDOl e ab u St o ro o l k it Sy e l e me nt s st e m I nt e r a c t y t io n boar d a sse ssme n Offering diagram t t abl e Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
  29. 29. MSDS PHASES/PROCESSESMETHODS/TOOLS BY LeNS: STRATEGIC ANALYSISMETHOD FOR SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PROJECT PROMOTERSDESIGN FOR ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE CONTEXT ANALYSIS OF THE REFERENCE STRUCTURESUSTAINABILITY (MSDS) ANALYSIS OF BEST PRACTICES DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN PRIORITIES EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES IDEAS GENERATION ORIENTED TO SUSTAINABILITY DEVELEPMENT OF THE SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN ORIENTING SCENARIO - VISIONS/CLUSTERS/IDEAS SYSTEM CONCEPT DESIGN VISIONS, CLUSTERS AND IDEAS SELECTION SYSTEM CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECK SYSTEM DESIGN (AND ENGIN.) SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT (EXECUTIVE LEVEL) ENV., SOC. & ECON. CHECKSDO toolkit:environmental system design orientation COMMUNICATIONon-line use, free access:www.sdo-lens.polomi.itfree download open: www.lens.polimi.it > tools DOCUMENTS EDITING Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy

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