course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 1. Sustainable development and design: the reference frameworklearning reso...
CONTENTS.   Product design environmental requirements.   Damaging environmental effects.   Life cycle assessment (LCA).   ...
(product) LIFE CYCLE DESIGN(or eco-design, design for the environment, …)the discipline integratingENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREME...
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSEACH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT IS BASED ON ASUBSTANCE’S EXCHANGE (IMPACT) BETWEEN THENATURE/ENVIRONMENT AN...
INPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSRESOURCES EXHAUSTIONALTERATION OF THE ECOSYSTEMS’ BALANCE(damaging outputs of extractive p...
OUTPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSglobal warming (greenhouse effect)ozone layer depletioneutrophicationacidificationsmogtox...
DESIGN ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTSCAN WE ASSOCIATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSTO A PRODUCT?AND HOW?APPROACHES:- PRODUCT LIFE ...
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle st...
LIFE CYCLE                                             e                               trasp.                             ...
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle st...
FUNCTIONAL APPROACHIS NOT THE PRODUCT TO BE DESIGNED(ASSESSED) BUT, THE WHOLE OF THEPROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRODUCTA...
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle st...
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OFPRODUCTLCA: LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTa quantitative method to assess the environmentaleffects of th...
e.g. LCA upholstered seat (8 years life span) PRE-PROD.                   DISTRIBUT.                           USE        ...
e.g. LCA refrigerator (10 years life span)  PRE-PROD.                   DISTRIBUT.                           USE          ...
PRODUCT LYFE CYCLE DESIGN: DEFINITION“the design of the product life cyclestages that, while considering allrequirements, ...
LCD: ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA  RESOURCES MINIMISATION  LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTION     PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION     MATE...
RESOURCES MINIMISATIONquantitative impact reduction (life cycle/function)DESIGN FOR:MATERAIL USE MINIMISATIONin life cycle...
EX. MATERIALS CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION Ikea Air sofa, Ikea        Carlo Vezzoli                                           ...
EX. ENERGIES CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION FRIA, refrigerator, Tischner         Carlo Vezzoli                                  ...
LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTIONqualitative impact reduction (life cycle/function)DESIGN FOR:RESOURCES CONSERVATION/RENEWABI...
EX. TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS MINIMISATION rags for cleaning in micro-fiber (no need for detergent)         Carlo Vezzoli  ...
EX. ENERGY RENEWABILITY IMPROVEMENTSolarshuttle,Kopf Umwelt       Carlo Vezzoli                                           ...
EX. MATERIAL BIO-COMPATIBILITY IMPROVEMENTgardeningvase inmater-B,cornstarchbio-deg.polimer byNovamont       Carlo Vezzoli...
RESOURCES RENEWABILITYDEPENDS ON:- RE-GROWING SPECIFIC SPEED- EXTRACTION FREQUENCYa resource is renewable if:a context rel...
MATERIALS’ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTDEPENDS ON:- MATERIAL-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS- CHARACTERISTICS GIVEN TO PRODUCTA RANKING F...
PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR:EXTENDING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) LIFE SPANINTENSIFYING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) USE    Carlo V...
EX. PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONCARE, changing top>kids table>writing desk, Stokke       Carlo Vezzoli                       ...
AVOIDED IMPACTS   LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product/component life PRE-PRODUCTION                           PRE-PRODUCTION   PR...
AVOIDED IMPACTS    product/component INTENSE lifePRE-PROD.   PROD.          DISTR.                                        ...
MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSIONDESIGN FOR:RECYCLINGENERGY RECOVERYCOMPOSTING   Carlo Vezzoli                                      ...
AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial NON-EXTENDED life                                             LANDFILL PRODUCTI...
MATERIALS’ RECYCLABILITY (COMB., COMP.)DIPENDS ON:- SPECIFIC MATERIAL’S CHARACTERISTICSperformances recovery (and process ...
POST-CONSUMPTION RECYCLING PHASES:(COMBUSTION, COMPOSTING).   collection.   transportation.   separation (disassembly a/o ...
E M T R LL EE E X. AE IA IF XT NSION            water            bottle for            easy            recycling,         ...
DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY> of parts/componentsPRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION> of materialsMATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION    Carlo Vezzoli...
EX. DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY   Mirra seat,   Herman Miller       Carlo Vezzoli                                              ...
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN:METHODS/TOOLSseveral have been developed (according to ISO/TR14062:2002 Environmental management...
MPDS: Method for Product Design for Environmental Sustainability (developed and adopted by DIS-Polimi)   processes/tools  ...
Eco-idea tables_ICS toolkit… SOME OF THE MPDS TOOLS                                                                       ...
f you want to know more on:RODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGNLECTURER’S BIBLIOGRAPHY)    Carlo Vezzoli                              ...
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1.3 product life cycle design vezzoli 11-12 (41)

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  • Finally and obviously the environmental design objective is to minimise the environmental impact of the whole of the phases in relation to the functional unit
  • CARE BY Stokke , changing top>kids table, writing desk. It changes its shape and function with the gorwing of the kid , so forth avoiding the pre… and disposal of two additional
  • 1.3 product life cycle design vezzoli 11-12 (41)

    1. 1. course System Design for Sustainabilitysubject 1. Sustainable development and design: the reference frameworklearning resource 1.3Introduction to product Life Cycle Designcarlo vezzolipolitecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . School of design . ItalyLearning Network on Sustainability Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    2. 2. CONTENTS. Product design environmental requirements. Damaging environmental effects. Life cycle assessment (LCA). Life Cycle Design approach: life cycle + functional. Introduction to Product Life Cycle Design criteria . Resources minimisation . Low impact resources selection . Product life optimisation . Material life extension . Design for disassembly Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    3. 3. (product) LIFE CYCLE DESIGN(or eco-design, design for the environment, …)the discipline integratingENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTSwithin the PRODUCT design process Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    4. 4. ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSEACH ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT IS BASED ON ASUBSTANCE’S EXCHANGE (IMPACT) BETWEEN THENATURE/ENVIRONMENT AND A (ANTHROPICTRASFORMATION) PROCESS OF A PRODUCTIONAND CONSUMPTION SYSTEMinput: substance extraction from the environmentoutput: substance emission in the environment(not all impacts damage with the same entity) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    5. 5. INPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSRESOURCES EXHAUSTIONALTERATION OF THE ECOSYSTEMS’ BALANCE(damaging outputs of extractive processes) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    6. 6. OUTPUT AND ITS (DAMAGING) EFFECTSglobal warming (greenhouse effect)ozone layer depletioneutrophicationacidificationsmogtoxicitywastes... Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    7. 7. DESIGN ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTSCAN WE ASSOCIATE THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTSTO A PRODUCT?AND HOW?APPROACHES:- PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE- FUNCTIONAL UNITEVALUATION METHOD:- LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    8. 8. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stages Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    9. 9. LIFE CYCLE e trasp. r ag pa APPROACH sto ck ag e fin i shass em b .manufac. co l r. lec a te y t ion m e rg . en d uc other o ach urce’s pr product’s ing life cycle iev o re s Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    10. 10. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stagesthe design “reference”from product designto product’s “function” design Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    11. 11. FUNCTIONAL APPROACHIS NOT THE PRODUCT TO BE DESIGNED(ASSESSED) BUT, THE WHOLE OF THEPROCESSES ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRODUCTAND FULFILLMENT OF A GIVEN FUNCTION Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    12. 12. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN: APPROACHan extended design horizonfrom product designto the design of the product life cycle stagesthe design “reference”from product designto product’s “function” designhe environmental design “objective”inimise the environmental impact of the whole of thephases in relation to the functional unit Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    13. 13. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OFPRODUCTLCA: LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENTa quantitative method to assess the environmentaleffects of the life cycle of a given product/service inrelation to its functional unitISO 14040 Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    14. 14. e.g. LCA upholstered seat (8 years life span) PRE-PROD. DISTRIBUT. USE DISPOSALPRODUCTION Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    15. 15. e.g. LCA refrigerator (10 years life span) PRE-PROD. DISTRIBUT. USE DISPOSAL PRODUCTION Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    16. 16. PRODUCT LYFE CYCLE DESIGN: DEFINITION“the design of the product life cyclestages that, while considering allrequirements, aims at minimisingthe environmental impact of thewhole of the life cycle phases inrelation to the functional unit”(Vezzoli & Manzini, Springer, London, 2008) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    17. 17. LCD: ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA RESOURCES MINIMISATION LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTION PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    18. 18. RESOURCES MINIMISATIONquantitative impact reduction (life cycle/function)DESIGN FOR:MATERAIL USE MINIMISATIONin life cycle phasesENERGY USE MINIMISATIONin life cycle phases Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    19. 19. EX. MATERIALS CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION Ikea Air sofa, Ikea Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    20. 20. EX. ENERGIES CONSUMPTION MINIMISATION FRIA, refrigerator, Tischner Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    21. 21. LOW IMPACT RESOURCES SELECTIONqualitative impact reduction (life cycle/function)DESIGN FOR:RESOURCES CONSERVATION/RENEWABILITYin all life cycle phasesRESOURCES NON TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESSin all life cycle phases Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    22. 22. EX. TOXICITY AND HARMFULNESS MINIMISATION rags for cleaning in micro-fiber (no need for detergent) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    23. 23. EX. ENERGY RENEWABILITY IMPROVEMENTSolarshuttle,Kopf Umwelt Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    24. 24. EX. MATERIAL BIO-COMPATIBILITY IMPROVEMENTgardeningvase inmater-B,cornstarchbio-deg.polimer byNovamont Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    25. 25. RESOURCES RENEWABILITYDEPENDS ON:- RE-GROWING SPECIFIC SPEED- EXTRACTION FREQUENCYa resource is renewable if:a context relatedanthropic consumption rate < natural re-growing rate Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    26. 26. MATERIALS’ ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTDEPENDS ON:- MATERIAL-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS- CHARACTERISTICS GIVEN TO PRODUCTA RANKING FROM THE BEST TO THE WORST IS(USUALLY) “MISLEADING ” Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    27. 27. PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONDESIGN FOR:EXTENDING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) LIFE SPANINTENSIFYING PRODUCT (COMPONENT) USE Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    28. 28. EX. PRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATIONCARE, changing top>kids table>writing desk, Stokke Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    29. 29. AVOIDED IMPACTS LIGHTER IMPACTSSHORT product/component life PRE-PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNIQUES WITH LOWER DISTRIBUTION DISTRIBUTION USE CONSUMPTION USE USE DISPOSALsame function in time DISP. USE USE DISTRIBUTION DISTRIB. UPDATING OF THE COMPONENTS PROD. CAUSING CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION PRE-PRODUCTION P-PROD.EXTENDED product/component life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    30. 30. AVOIDED IMPACTS product/component INTENSE lifePRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. A1 B1 C1 B2 A2 C2 B3 A3 C3 LIFE INDIPENDENT FROM LENGHT OF USE use (function) during timePRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. A1 A2 A3PRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. B1 B2 B3PRE-PROD. PROD. DISTR. DISPOS. C1 C2 C3 products/components NOT INTENSE life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    31. 31. MATERIAL LIFE EXTENSIONDESIGN FOR:RECYCLINGENERGY RECOVERYCOMPOSTING Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    32. 32. AVOIDED IMPACTS ADDITIONAL IMPACTSmaterial NON-EXTENDED life LANDFILL PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRE-PRODUCTION PRODUCTION PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE RECYCLING COMBUSTION COMPOSTING PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION USE PRE- PRODUCTIONmaterial EXTENDED life Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    33. 33. MATERIALS’ RECYCLABILITY (COMB., COMP.)DIPENDS ON:- SPECIFIC MATERIAL’S CHARACTERISTICSperformances recovery (and process costs)- PRODUCT’S ARCHITECTURE- RECYCLING PHASES Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    34. 34. POST-CONSUMPTION RECYCLING PHASES:(COMBUSTION, COMPOSTING). collection. transportation. separation (disassembly a/o crushing). identification. cleaning. secondary raw material’s production Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    35. 35. E M T R LL EE E X. AE IA IF XT NSION water bottle for easy recycling, EVIAN Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    36. 36. DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY> of parts/componentsPRODUCT LIFE OPTIMISATION> of materialsMATERIAL LIFE EXTENSION Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    37. 37. EX. DESIGN FOR DISASSEMBLY Mirra seat, Herman Miller Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    38. 38. PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGN:METHODS/TOOLSseveral have been developed (according to ISO/TR14062:2002 Environmental management - Integrating environmentalaspects into product design and development) … UNEP-TUD (D4S) POLIMI-DIS (MPDS) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    39. 39. MPDS: Method for Product Design for Environmental Sustainability (developed and adopted by DIS-Polimi) processes/tools PRODUCT DESIGN processes/tools to orientate PHASES envirnomental assesm. (brief) LCA on reference environmental designpriorities identification: product for design: product sch. IPSA/radar (ICS) es. SIMAPRO strategiessustainability-focused abrdiged LCA check: ideas generation: es. SIMAPROtavole eco-idee (ICS) product qualitative check: cecklist (ICS)check of sustainability concept design priorities:sch. IPSA/radar (ICS) abrdiged LCA on potential impact most promising product reduction: concept selection design es. SIMAPRO qualitative check: cecklist (ICS) low environmental impact processes selection: LCA of comparisonfor tools to orientate ingegner. environmental qualityspecific environmental communication: issues es. idemat es. SIMAPRO Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    40. 40. Eco-idea tables_ICS toolkit… SOME OF THE MPDS TOOLS Idea 3 Idea 1 Checklist (guidelies related)_ICS toolkit Idea 2 Multicriteria Radar_ICS toolkitfree download atwww.lens.polimi.it / tools Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy
    41. 41. f you want to know more on:RODUCT LIFE CYCLE DESIGNLECTURER’S BIBLIOGRAPHY) Carlo Vezzoli AH-DESIGN, EU PROJECT Politecnico di Milano / INDACO dept. / DIS / School of Design / Italy

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