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NEUROBLASTOMA
Information on symptoms,
diagnosis and treatment options
INTRODUCTION TO NEUROBLASTOMA
• Cancer of the sympathetic
nervous system which affects
approximately 600 children a
year a...
SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA
Signs and symptoms of
neuroblastoma vary depending on
what part of the body is affected...
SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA
Symptoms of neuroblastoma
in the chest are:
• Wheezing
• Chest pain
• Drooping eyelids ...
SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA
Other signs of neuroblastoma
include:
• Lumps of tissue under the
skin
• Eyeballs that ...
TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS OF
NEUROBLASTOMA
If your doctor suspects neuroblastoma, he may suggest the
following tests and procedu...
• Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-ray, ultrasound,
computerized tomography (CT)
scan, metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG...
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR
NEUROBLASTOMA
The doctors are very selective in choosing the treatment plan
because it can affect yo...
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR
NEUROBLASTOMA
• Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy
beams to execute cancer cells....
CONNECT WITH US
Logon to
www.lazoi.com
Like us on facebook
https://www.facebook.com/LazoiTheLife
Follow us on Twitter
http...
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Neuroblastoma: Patient info on symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options

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Neuroblastoma is a rare disease in which a solid tumour caused by uncontrolled or abnormal cell growth is formed by special nerve cells called neuroblasts.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Neuroblastoma: Patient info on symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options

  1. 1. NEUROBLASTOMA Information on symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO NEUROBLASTOMA • Cancer of the sympathetic nervous system which affects approximately 600 children a year and the average age of diagnosis is 3 yrs. • Stage IV Neuroblastoma is very aggressive and chances of survival are 30%. NB has one of the highest rates of relapse among any cancers, and when it does come back, chances of survival are 5%
  3. 3. SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA Signs and symptoms of neuroblastoma vary depending on what part of the body is affected. Symptoms of neuroblastoma in the abdomen are: • Abdominal pain • A mass under the skin that isn't tender when touched • Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhoea • Swelling in the legs
  4. 4. SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA Symptoms of neuroblastoma in the chest are: • Wheezing • Chest pain • Drooping eyelids and unequal pupil size • Enlarged liver • Fatigue
  5. 5. SING AND SYMPTOMS OF NEUROBLASTOMA Other signs of neuroblastoma include: • Lumps of tissue under the skin • Eyeballs that seem to protrude from the sockets • Dark circles, similar to bruises, around the eyes • Back pain • Unexplained weight loss • Bone pain
  6. 6. TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS OF NEUROBLASTOMA If your doctor suspects neuroblastoma, he may suggest the following tests and procedures to diagnose neuroblastoma: • Full body check-up: Your child's doctor conducts a physical exam to check out any signs and symptoms. • Urine and blood tests: These tests may identify the cause of any signs and symptoms your child is experiencing. Urine tests may be used to check for high levels of certain chemicals that result from the neuroblastoma cells producing excess catecholamine.
  7. 7. • Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-ray, ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scan, metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may reveal a mass that can indicate a tumour. • Removing a sample of tissue for testing: If a mass is found, your child's doctor may want to remove a sample of the tissue for laboratory testing which is medically known as biopsy. This helps the doctor devise an individualized treatment plan. • Removing a sample of bone marrow for testing: Your child may also undergo bone marrow biopsy and bone marrow aspiration procedures to see if neuroblastoma has spread to the bone marrow. TESTS AND DIAGNOSIS OF NEUROBLASTOMA
  8. 8. TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR NEUROBLASTOMA The doctors are very selective in choosing the treatment plan because it can affect your child’s prognosis. There are various treatment options for neuroblastoma, including: • Surgery: Oncologists use various surgical tools to remove cancer cells. In children with low-risk neuroblastoma, surgery to remove the tumour may be the only treatment needed. • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses chemicals to destroy cancer cells. This therapy attacks rapidly growing cells in the body, including cancer cells. Children with moderate neuroblastoma often receive a combination of chemotherapy drugs before surgery.
  9. 9. TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR NEUROBLASTOMA • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to execute cancer cells. Children with low to moderate risk of neuroblastoma may receive radiation therapy if surgery and chemotherapy haven't been helpful. • Stem cell transplant: Children with high-risk neuroblastoma may receive a transplant using their own blood stem cells. • Immunotherapy: This therapy uses drugs that work by stimulating your body's immune system to help fight cancer cells.
  10. 10. CONNECT WITH US Logon to www.lazoi.com Like us on facebook https://www.facebook.com/LazoiTheLife Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/lazoithelife Follow us on Pinterest https://in.pinterest.com/lazoithelife/

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