Is Confucianism a religion?
-Confucianism is humanistic
-On spirituality, Confucius said
to Chi Lu, one of his students,
that "You are not yet able to
serve men, how can you serve
Formed c. 500 B.C.E.
Deity None / various gods and ancestors
Sacred Texts Analects,The Five Classics,Four Books
•-6,300,000 followers around the
• MAIN GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS
• China, Korea, Vietnam & the Chinese &
• developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius.
• originated as an "ethical-sociopolitical teaching" during the Spring and
• later developed metaphysical and cosmological elements in the Han
K'ung Fu Tzu ( Confucius )
Born in 551 B.C.E state of Lu ( Shantung Province )
opened school in age 22 & travelled throughout China for 13 years.
Died in 470 B.C.E at age 72 & his lifetimE almost coincided exactly
with the life of Buddha.
During the 4th 3rd centuries B.C.E. a diverse collection of his
writings circulated concerning his life and teachings.
2nd & 1st centuries B.C.E, a cohesive system of Confucian beliefs
MISSIONS & EXPANSIONS
Zhu Zi ( 1130-1200 C.E )
Develope an interpretation that unified human nature with cosmic principles such as
the dynamic, complementary interplay of Ying & Yang, the holding of cosmic
pattern( Li )inhumanheart-minde, & cycle of transformation described in texts such as
Wang Yangming ( 1472-1529 C.E )
Zhu's lixue ( Learning of the cosmic Principles )
Wang's xinxue ( Learning of the heart-minded )
Daoxue ( Learning of the way )
LE DYNASTY ( VIETNAM ) 1428-1788 C.E
Sponsored the pubication of atext known as the Fort-Seven Rules for Teaching &
changing, promoted social harmony through the rectification of family relationships
among Confucian lines
Yi Hwang ( 1501-1570 C.E ) also known Yi Toegye & Yi I ( 1536-1584 C.E )
also known as Yi Yulgok
Promote Confucianism as a resource for everyday life as well as for national
Fujiwara Seika ( 1561-1619 C.E ) & Toju Nakae ( 1608-1648 C.E )
applied Wang's style of Confucianism to the challanges of educating youth,
cultivating women's morality & other domestic concern
LI : includes ritual, propriety, etique
Hsiao : love within family
Yi : righteousness
Xin : honesty & trustworthiness
Jen : benevolence, humanesess towards other
Chung : loyalty to the state
Sacred narratives & texts - Classics of Change
- Classi of Poetry
- Classic of Rites
- Classic of History
- Classic & Autumn Annals
Ultimate Reality & Divine Beings
Human morals should therefore be based on human relationships
Human Nature & the Purpose of Existence
to reach one's highest potential as human being
WORSHIP & DEVOTION IN DAILY LIFE
Ancient divination manual known as the Yijing (Classic of Change)
original Confucian canon of Wujing (Five Classic) erly the Han Dynsty
Become the basis of personal ritual practice for Confucians in the Song Dynasty
when Zhu Xi (1130-1200) wrote his commentary on use of the text, Yi xue qimeng
(An Introduction to the Study of the Yijing)
The Yijing contains sixty-four gua :- general statement, commentary on the
judgement, individual satements on specific lines within the hexagram, & apply that
hexagram's various texts to the resolution of the question.
To understand how the universe at large operated, one would come to understand
oneself, & enter into deeper communion not only with Tiandao ( the Way of Heaven )
By using Yijing as a meditative aid, a Confucian could refine their qi ( vital energy ) to
point of shenming.
THE TEACHINGS OF CONFUCIUS
Social Teachings of Confucius
The key to achieving proper self-mastery was
adherence to correct ritual
Focused onthe art of governance & how a
ruler should act
Teachings on Education
Study without reflection is a waste of time,
reflection without study is dangerous.
- Confucius -
CHOOSE A JOB YOU LIKE, AND YOU WILL NEVER
WORK A DAY IN YOUR LIFE.
- CONFUCIUS -