Stress Management Conference


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  • I am doing doctoral research in stress management. I request you to send invitation about workshop, national conference and international conference on stress management to my email id.
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  • Stress Management Conference

    1. 1. <ul><li>Managing Stress </li></ul><ul><li>What You Need to Know </li></ul><ul><li>Provided By </li></ul><ul><li>Nevada Cancer Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Outreach and Education </li></ul>
    2. 2. NVCI Mission <ul><li>The mission of Nevada Cancer Institute is to reduce the burden </li></ul><ul><li>of cancer for Nevada, the nation and the world through innovative and collaborative research, education and patient care. </li></ul><ul><li>The mission of the Outreach and Education Department of NVCI </li></ul><ul><li>is to provide awareness, education, and support to the public as </li></ul><ul><li>it pertains to cancer risks, detection, and treatment. </li></ul>
    3. 3. NVCI Programming <ul><li>Culinary Health Fund Project </li></ul><ul><li>Just Move It Native American Program </li></ul><ul><li>Lance Armstrong Foundation (LAF) Survivorship </li></ul><ul><li>Multicultural Health and Wellness Program </li></ul><ul><li>Patient Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking Cessation </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Community Education Programs </li></ul>
    4. 4. What We Will Cover <ul><ul><li>- Causes of Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-How Stress Leads To Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Types of Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Coping Techniques </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Reducing The Burden of Cancer <ul><li>Reducing the Burden of Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Managing stress = </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy lifestyle = </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger immune system = </li></ul><ul><li>Disease prevention </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Causes of Stress </li></ul>
    7. 7. What Causes Stress? <ul><li>Feelings of stress are caused by the </li></ul><ul><li>body's instinct to defend itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress is a feeling that's created </li></ul><ul><li>when we react to particular events. </li></ul><ul><li>It's the body's way of rising to </li></ul><ul><li>a challenge and preparing to meet </li></ul><ul><li>a tough situation with focus, strength, </li></ul><ul><li>stamina, and heightened alertness. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Stressors The events that provoke stress are called stressors, and they cover a whole range of situations The human body responds to stressors by activating the nervous system and specific hormones. The hypothalamus signals the adrenal glands to produce more of the hormones adrenaline and cortisol and release them into the bloodstream. These hormones speed up heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure and metabolism.
    9. 9. Life’s Stressors <ul><li>Some significant stressors include: </li></ul><ul><li>Major life event such as wedding, death, or birth. </li></ul><ul><li>Change or loss of job </li></ul><ul><li>Change in one’s financial situation whether positive or not </li></ul><ul><li>Illness or diagnosis of a loved one or self </li></ul><ul><li>Change in residence </li></ul><ul><li>Change in quality of life whether perceived or real </li></ul>
    10. 10. Thinking Makes It So <ul><li>Whether perceived or real means your belief about something influences how your mind and body, your physiology and mental state, affect your overall health. </li></ul><ul><li>If you believe your quality of life is positive or not, it will be…. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m sure you’ve heard that saying “ thinking makes it so” </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Stress and Disease </li></ul>
    12. 12. Stress, Aging and Illness <ul><li>Research now shows </li></ul><ul><li>a link exists between stress, aging and physical illness </li></ul>AGING PHYSICAL ILLNESS STRESS
    13. 13. Telomeres and Aging <ul><li>Telomeres are the protective DNA complex at </li></ul><ul><li>the end of the chromosome. The destruction </li></ul><ul><li>of this DNA complex shortens life span and </li></ul><ul><li>speeds the body’s deterioration. </li></ul><ul><li>Those people who perceived that they are under heavy stress have significantly shortened telomeres, compared with those who feel more relaxed. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Chronic Stress and Aging Chronic stress can accelerate the aging process and act as a strong contributor to illness and disease.
    15. 15. The Physiology of Stress <ul><li>Blood vessels open wider to let more blood flow to large muscle groups, putting our muscles on alert. </li></ul><ul><li>Pupils dilate to improve vision. The liver releases some of its stored glucose to increase the body's energy. And sweat is produced to cool the body. </li></ul><ul><li>All of these physical changes prepare a person to react quickly and effectively to handle the pressure of the moment. </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Stress Response </li></ul>
    17. 17. Stress Response This natural reaction is known as the stress response . Working properly, the body's stress response enhances a person's ability to perform well under pressure. But the stress response can also cause problems when it overreacts or fails to turn off and reset itself properly.
    18. 18. Adapting to Change <ul><li>Scientists believe that the fight or flight response </li></ul><ul><li>helped the hunter/ gatherers cope with the threats of their uncertain world by releasing the hormones of </li></ul><ul><li>cortisol and adrenalin. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Research On Stress <ul><li>UCLA scientists found that the stress hormone </li></ul><ul><li>cortisol suppresses immune cells ability to activate an enzyme that keeps immune cells young known as telomerase </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA Jonsson Cancer Center </li></ul>
    20. 20. Recent Studies Show… <ul><li>Free radicals increase during old age, </li></ul><ul><li>resulting in biochemical alterations. </li></ul><ul><li>Oxidative stress is considered </li></ul><ul><li>a key contributor to the aging process. </li></ul><ul><li>Mendoza-Nunez, Ruiz-Ramos, and Sanchez-Rodriguez </li></ul><ul><li>Gerontology Research, UNAM Mexico City, Mexico - 2007 </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Although new evidence suggests that </li></ul><ul><li>stress speeds up the aging process by </li></ul><ul><li>harming DNA, there is good news! </li></ul><ul><li>We have the ability to impact our stress levels </li></ul><ul><li>and offset the affect of stress on us. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who learn to manage their stress well </li></ul><ul><li>do not show the same amount of damage to their telomeres . </li></ul>
    22. 22. CDC And NIOSH <ul><li>The Centers for Disease Control </li></ul><ul><li>and the </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health </li></ul><ul><li>have recently dedicated themselves to studying Stress </li></ul>
    23. 23. The Law of Stress <ul><li>The Law of Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Dato, an American Psychoanalyst, developed The Law of Stress , which states that stress is the difference between pressure and adaptability. </li></ul>
    24. 24. What is Stress? <ul><li>So What Is Stress….. Really? </li></ul><ul><li>In practical terms, stress is the </li></ul><ul><li>inability to adapt under </li></ul><ul><li>pressure </li></ul>
    25. 25. Stress Statistics <ul><li>Disabling Stress has doubled over the last six years </li></ul><ul><li>72% of Americans experience frequent stress-related </li></ul><ul><li>physical or mental conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Unmanaged stress is a higher risk factor for cancer and heart disease than either cigarette smoking or high cholesterol </li></ul>
    26. 26. What Makes Stress Worsen <ul><li>Lack of control </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of predictability </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of social affiliation-no one to talk with </li></ul><ul><li>No outlet for frustration caused by stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Interpret things as getting worse with no way to change it </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Robert Sapolsky, Stress Researcher, Stanford University </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Types of Stress </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>Acute Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Acute Stress is brought on by </li></ul><ul><li>a real or perceived immediate threat </li></ul><ul><li>to our physical, emotional, or psychological well being. </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling threatened triggers the response for the body to </li></ul><ul><li>Release catecholamines (stress hormones including </li></ul><ul><li>Epinephrine) from the adrenal glands. This in turn </li></ul><ul><li>creates a demand on the body which produces </li></ul><ul><li>a higher metabolic rate. </li></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>Chronic Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers have now discovered that long-term activation of stress can have a hazardous, even lethal effect on the body, increasing obesity, heart disease, depression, sleep disorders and anxiety. </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic stress should not be taken lightly </li></ul><ul><li>or accepted as normal. </li></ul>
    30. 30. The Human Performance Chart <ul><li>Human Performance Chart </li></ul>
    31. 31. Early Warning Signs <ul><li>Poor emotional control </li></ul><ul><li>Constant insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Susceptibility to illness </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive moodiness </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggerated anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from responsibility </li></ul>
    32. 32. CDC And NIOSH <ul><li>The Centers for Disease Control </li></ul><ul><li>and the </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health </li></ul><ul><li>Have recently dedicated themselves to studying Stress </li></ul>
    33. 33. Stress and Disease <ul><li>Some experts believe that stress may cause 50% of all disease </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific research has shown that stress: </li></ul><ul><li>is a leading cause of both cancer and heart disease </li></ul><ul><li>is a contributing factor in death </li></ul><ul><li>lowers the immune system </li></ul><ul><li>contributes to unhappiness </li></ul>
    34. 34. Stress and Disease <ul><li>Scientific research has shown that stress is also a factor in: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>obesity memory loss </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>migraines ulcers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>chronic insomnia tooth decay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>digestive problems colds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high blood pressure asthma </li></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Stress and Disease <ul><li>Stress causes cellular damage that can </li></ul><ul><li>directly affect brain function. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress = Cellular change </li></ul>
    36. 36. Stress And The Heart <ul><li>In extreme stress the body shuts down all systems leaving the immune system unable to fight off disease. Latest research on social and psychological stress is showing that it can: </li></ul><ul><li>Clog arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict blood flow </li></ul><ul><li>Increase plaque </li></ul><ul><li>Stress creates intense negative cardiac response </li></ul><ul><li>that often leads to a heart attack </li></ul>
    37. 37. Dangerous stress = Cellular changes <ul><li>This change in brain function can result in: </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in sex </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of desire or ability to move </li></ul><ul><li>These set of conditions are known as sickness behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>There is speculation by the medical community that this </li></ul><ul><li>is the body’s way of conserving energy in order to fight disease. </li></ul>
    38. 38. Reactions to Stress <ul><li>How we react to stressful events </li></ul><ul><li>can greatly affect our health </li></ul><ul><li>physically, mentally and emotionally . </li></ul><ul><li>The body sends signals that tell you when you are stressed. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to recognize those signals gives us the power to respond to stress in ways that work for us and not against us. </li></ul>
    39. 39. Listening… <ul><li>You can learn to listen to those signals. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing reactions to events allows the opportunity to improve outcomes of stressful situations. </li></ul>
    40. 40. <ul><li>Coping Techniques </li></ul>
    41. 41. Stress Less Strategies <ul><li>Identify sources of stress </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce exposure to those sources </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare three personal strategies for dealing with stress (see next slide) </li></ul><ul><li>Practice responding, not reacting </li></ul><ul><li>Notice differences in your stress level </li></ul>
    42. 42. Stress Less Strategies <ul><li>Examples of stress less personal strategies </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN I AM STRESSED I WILL: </li></ul><ul><li>Take a few deep breaths and calm my mind </li></ul><ul><li>Respond not react to an immediate problem </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for help when I need it </li></ul><ul><li>Take a hot bath before making any decisions (if possible) </li></ul><ul><li>Take a long walk </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the challenge and list three solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Wait three days if possible before acting upon situation </li></ul>
    43. 43. Even happy occasions can be stressful…
    44. 44. That’s why vacationing and relaxing is so important…
    45. 45. Things To Do in Las Vegas Red Rock State Park Spa Day at Green Valley Ranch
    46. 46. Lifestyle Factors <ul><li>Other lifestyle factors that can promote good health include: </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Rejuvenate emotionally and spiritually daily </li></ul><ul><li>(i.e. prayer, meditation, quiet time, affirmations) </li></ul><ul><li>Let go of what you can’t control </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh often </li></ul><ul><li>These factors have been known to boost the immune system and increase overall well-being. </li></ul>
    47. 47. Relaxation Techniques <ul><li>The Mayo Clinic suggests a number of things you can do to manage stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn new relaxation techniques </li></ul><ul><li>such as autogenic training, </li></ul><ul><li>visualization & meditation. </li></ul>
    48. 48. Stress Less Tips <ul><li>Tips For Managing Your Own Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Reclaim some healthy time management skills </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare to the best of your ability for events that may be challenging </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify your life </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize what’s important to you </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to say “no” when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Widen your circle </li></ul><ul><li>Organize your time </li></ul>
    49. 49. Stress Less Tips <ul><li>Tips For Managing Your Own Stress </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about what you can’t control </li></ul><ul><li>Work to resolve any conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Set realistic goals </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise on a regular basis </li></ul><ul><li>Get proper nutrition in your diet </li></ul><ul><li>Get plenty of rest </li></ul><ul><li>Meditate </li></ul><ul><li>Practice relaxation techniques on a regular basis </li></ul>
    50. 50. Time Management <ul><li>Time Management skills are effective in lowering stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Being organized, prioritizing needs, and making time for self are all part of practicing effective time management. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit distractions </li></ul><ul><li>Create a to do list </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize list by needs, wants and nonessentials </li></ul><ul><li>Delegate tasks you can pass on to another </li></ul><ul><li>Break larger tasks into smaller ones </li></ul><ul><li>Make time for self-do something that nourishes you </li></ul>
    51. 51. Opportunity and Crisis <ul><li>In parts of Asia the character </li></ul><ul><li>for the word Crisis is the same </li></ul><ul><li>character for the word Opportunity. </li></ul>
    52. 52. The Head or Heart <ul><li>Choosing through our hearts </li></ul><ul><li>or through our heads </li></ul>
    53. 53. Intention <ul><li>Intention is defined as the state of </li></ul><ul><li>one's mind at the time one carries out an action. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to your true intention. </li></ul><ul><li>Your intention will influence your outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>Intention shifts the energy of what you experience. </li></ul>
    54. 54. The Power of SILENCE <ul><li>The Power of Silence </li></ul><ul><li>Practice silence by listening to your heart </li></ul><ul><li>In silence we allow the inner world to come forward and tune out the outer world; the source of external stimuli. </li></ul><ul><li>In silence we rejuvenate our inner spirit, nourishing ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>The practice of silence lets us </li></ul><ul><li>clear the subconscious mind as thoughts come up </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize our spiritual self </li></ul>
    55. 55. Breathing -Pranayam <ul><li>The American Medical Association reports </li></ul><ul><li>that 80% of diseases are stress-related. </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve relaxation and peace of mind </li></ul><ul><li>one must have command over the breath. </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of relaxation and peace of mind </li></ul><ul><li>in the personal and collective consciousness of </li></ul><ul><li>present day society inhibits proper breathing. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor breathing increases susceptibility to stress, </li></ul><ul><li>with all its attendant illnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
    56. 56. Proper Breathing <ul><li>The body’s physical and psychological response to stress is to increase the breath rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Shallow upper chest breathing with a faster rate leads to chronic tension and weakened nerves, which sets the scene for illness. </li></ul>
    57. 57. Guided Imagery <ul><li>Guided Imagery: </li></ul><ul><li>Guided imagery is a program of directed thoughts and suggestions that guide your imagination toward a relaxed, focused state. </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on the concept that your mind and body are connected as one. </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Imagery is often used to ease stress while promoting relaxation through visualization in a safe way with no known risks. </li></ul>
    58. 58. Medical Hypnosis <ul><li>Medical Hypnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnosis is a trance-like state in which a person becomes more aware </li></ul><ul><li>and focused and is more open to suggestion. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypnosis allows patients to focus intently on a specific problem and its resolution while maintaining a comfortable state of physical relaxation. It also helps patients to enhance control over their body responses. </li></ul>
    59. 59. Meditation <ul><li>Meditation: </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation is focused awareness achieved through various scientifically researched techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation can be practiced for various reasons--for example, with an intent to increase physical relaxation, mental calmness, and psychological balance; to cope </li></ul><ul><li>With one or more diseases and conditions; and for overall wellness. </li></ul>
    60. 60. A pleasant environment can contribute to a relaxing life…
    61. 61. Feel Safe, Let Go Of Burdens <ul><li>Sharing your story… </li></ul><ul><li>in a safe environment </li></ul><ul><li>with people you trust </li></ul><ul><li>allows you to gain perspective </li></ul><ul><li>& learn new healthy ways to handle your stress </li></ul>
    62. 62. Adapting to Stress <ul><li>I imagine each of you have a story of adaptability in your family history that has been shared through the years reaffirming courage, strength, and faith. </li></ul>
    63. 63. Mind-Body Connection <ul><li>Our physical manifestations are symptoms of something deeper going on inside of us </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing self-love assists us in reducing our own stress </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring our inner world allows us to balance our outer reality </li></ul>
    64. 64. Reducing Stress Reduces Illness <ul><li>Your ability to reduce your stress </li></ul><ul><li>has a direct affect on your ability to lower </li></ul><ul><li>your risk for diseases, especially cancer and heart disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Manage Stress = Healthy Lifestyle = </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger Immune System = Disease Prevention </li></ul>
    65. 65. Any Questions?
    66. 66. <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Mayo Clinic </li></ul><ul><li>Nevada Cancer Institute </li></ul><ul><li>American Society of Clinical Oncology </li></ul><ul><li>American Institute of Stress </li></ul>
    67. 67. NEVADA CANCER INSTITUTE <ul><li>Laurrana Leigon D.Div. C.Cht. </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNITY HEALTH EDUCATOR </li></ul><ul><li>NEVADA CANCER INSTITUTE </li></ul><ul><li>10000 W. Charleston Blvd. </li></ul><ul><li>Las Vegas, Nevada 89135 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>702-822-5433 main </li></ul><ul><li>702-822-5286 direct </li></ul>
    68. 68. Thank You