Independent label study

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Independent label study

  1. 1. Rough Trade began as a record shop, opened by Geoff Travis on Kensington Park Road, West London, in February 1976. It was inspired by what Travis has described as the "community-based environment" of the City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco, and specialised in garage rock and reggae. Steve Montgomery, initially a customer of the shop, was offered a job soon after it opened and became its effective co-manager. Travis and Montgomery were joined by a further employee, Richard Scott, in June 1977.
  2. 2. Rough Trade produced its own record for the first time after French punk band Métal Urbain came into the shop asking for assistance in publicising their music. In 1978, the shop began organising a record distribution network, dubbed "The Cartel", in collaboration with other independent record stores in the UK. This network enabled small record labels such as Factory Records and 2 Tone Records to sell their releases nationally. It specialized primarily in European post-punk and other alternative rock of the late 1970s and early 1980s. It also distributed a range of British fanzines such as No Cure.
  3. 3. The Rough Trade label subsequently issued a single by Jamaican reggae singer Augustus Pablo, the debut single by Sheffield band Cabaret Voltaire and the second Stiff Little Fingers single, "Alternative Ulster". During 1978, the label released singles by The Monochrome Set, Subway Sect, Swell Maps, Electric Eels, Spizzoil and Kleenex. In 1979, Rough Trade's first album, Inflammable Material by Stiff Little Fingers, reached number 14 in the UK charts and became the first independently released album to sell over 100,000 copies in the UK. Rough Trade's significance by this time was such that it was made the subject of a South Bank Show documentary.
  4. 4. In 1982, the retail outlets broke with the A&R and distribution divisions, after a decision to allow the shop staff buy out. The distribution wing found itself overtrading by 1991 and shortages of cash flow lead to a filing for bankruptcy. The entire company ended up in receivership. In July 2007 Sanctuary Records then sold Rough Trade to the Beggars Group making Rough Trade independent once again. Since its rebirth, Rough Trade has released albums by artists such as The Strokes, The Libertines, Babyshambles, and Belle & Sebastian.
  5. 5. 1990s A R Kane Aberfeldy Adam Green Alabama Shakes[1] Alela Diane Horace Andy[2] Antony and the Johnsons Arcade Fire Aztec Camera[2] Babyshambles Bacio di Tosca The Band of Holy Joy[3] The Bats Baxter Dury Beat Happening[3] Bell Orchestre Belle & Sebastian Bernard Butler Blue Orchids[4] Brakes British Sea Power Basia Bulat The Burning Hell Butthole Surfers Cabaret Voltaire[5] Camper Van Beethoven[3] Carter USM Cathedral[6] Chris & Cosey[3] Chris Thomas Jarvis Cocker Colorfinger Cornershop Ivor Cutler[7] The Decemberists The Del Fuegos Delays Delta 5 The Detroit Cobras Die Krupps Cara Dillon Disco Inferno The Dream Syndicate Duffy Bill Drummond Easterhouse Eddi Reader Emiliana Torrini Essential Logic Tav Falco's Panther Burns The Fall[8] feedtime The Feelies[9] The Fiery Furnaces Galaxie 500[10] Giant Sand The Go-Betweens.[11] God Help the Girl Vic Godard Gruff Rhys Hal Albert Hammond, Jr. The Hidden Cameras The Hold Steady Houndmouth[12] Howard Bilerman Howler Hope Sandoval & The Warm Inventions Islands James James Davin Johnny Flynn & the Sussex Wit Freedy Johnston Richard H. Kirk David Kitt Kleenex Levitation Jeffrey Lewis Jenny Lewis The Libertines[13] LiLiPUT Little Joy The Long Blondes Cerys Matthews Massacra[14][15] Mazzy Star[16] Métal Urbain[17] Micachu Microdisney The Mighty Diamonds Miracle Legion Miracle Fortress The Moldy Peaches The Monochrome Set The Morning Benders Monsters of Folk The Motorcycle Boy My Morning Jacket Mystery Jets The Mr. T Experience Opal Palma Violets Pantha du Prince Pere Ubu[18] Pooka The Pop Group Pussy Galore QueenAdreena The Raincoats[19] The Red Crayola Jonathan Richman Robert Rental Royal City Arthur Russell Sahotas Scissors for Lefty Scrawl Scritti Politti The Seers Shelleyan Orphan Short Dogs Grow Shrimp Boat The Smiths[20] Soul Asylum Souled American Epic Soundtracks Spizzenergi Spring Heel Jack Sufjan Stevens Stiff Little Fingers[21] Straitjacket Fits Strange Boys The Strokes Subway Sect[22] The Sundays Super Furry Animals Sweet Jesus Swell Maps[23] Television Personalities[24] They Might Be Giants This Heat Toiling Midgets Two Nice Girls James "Blood" Ulmer Ultramarine Taken by Trees The Virgin Prunes The Veils Venom[6] Warpaint Weekend Lucinda Williams Victoria Williams The Woodentops Robert Wyatt[25] Young Marble Giants Zounds

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