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Measles, mumps and rubella

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Measles, mumps and rubella

  1. 1. Measles, Mumps and Rubella<br />May 25, 2011<br />Lauren Gentner<br />
  2. 2. Measles<br />Rubella<br />Mumps<br />
  3. 3. Measles<br />
  4. 4. Measles<br />What is it?<br />Rash caused by a virus<br />Causes<br />A viral infection spread through contact of droplets from the nose, eye, mouth and throat<br />Incidence<br />Those who have had vaccinations or have previously contracted the measles are now immune to re-infection<br />
  5. 5. Measles (cont.)<br />Symptoms<br />Bloodshot eyes<br />Cough<br />Fever<br />Sensitivity to light<br />Muscle Pain<br />Rash (itchy, red areas that spread together)<br />Redness and/or irritation of the eyes<br />Runny nose<br />Sore throat<br />White spots in the mouth (Koplik’s spots)<br />
  6. 6. Measles (cont.)<br />Risk Factor<br />Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism<br />Test<br />Serology for measles<br />Treatment<br />No specific treatment<br />Acetaminophen<br />Bed rest<br />Humid air<br />
  7. 7. Measles (cont.)<br />Prevention<br />Routine immunization<br />Taking serum immune globulin 6 days after exposure could reduce or prevent the effects of the virus<br />Complications<br />Bronchitis<br />Encephalitis<br />Ear infection<br />Pneumonia<br />
  8. 8. Mumps<br />
  9. 9. Mumps<br />What is it?<br />Painful swelling of the salivary glands<br />Causes<br />Mumps is a virus spread from person-to-person through respiratory droplets (i.e. sneezing)<br />Incidence<br />Most common in 2-12 year olds<br />Contracting after exposure to the virus usually takes 12-24 days<br />
  10. 10. Mumps (cont.)<br />Symptoms<br />Pain in the face<br />Fever<br />Headache<br />Sore throat<br />Swelling of the salivary glands<br />Swelling of the jaw<br />Specific to men:<br />Testicle pain or lump<br />Swelling of the scrotum<br />
  11. 11. Mumps (cont.)<br />Risk Factor<br />Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism<br />Test<br />Physically examining the salivary glands for swelling (not test)<br />Treatment<br />No specific treatment<br />Ice or heat packs and acetaminophen for pain<br />
  12. 12. Mumps (cont.)<br />Prevention<br />MMR immunization between the age of:<br />12-15 months<br />Again between 4-6 years<br />Again between 11-12 years<br />
  13. 13. Rubella<br />
  14. 14. Rubella<br />What is it?<br />Also known as German measles or three-day measles<br />Causes<br />Rubella is a virus spread from person-to-person through air or close contact<br />Incidence<br />The virus is spread from 1 week before the rash begins, to 1-2 weeks after the rash is gone<br />
  15. 15. Rubella (cont.)<br />Symptoms<br />Inflammation or bloodshot eyes<br />Muscle or joint pain<br />Bruising is a rare symptom<br />Fever (adults)<br />Headache (adults)<br />Runny nose (adults)<br />
  16. 16. Rubella (cont.)<br />Risk Factor<br />Parents avoid vaccinations because of myths that the vaccine can cause autism<br />MMR vaccine wears off in adults<br />Test<br />Nasal or throat swab sent for a culture<br />Treatment<br />No specific treatment<br />Acetaminophen for fever<br />
  17. 17. Rubella (cont.)<br />Prevention<br />MMR immunization between the age of:<br />12-15 months<br />Again between 4-6 years<br />
  18. 18. Work Cited<br />Kaneshiro, Neil K., and David Zieve. "Measles."PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 26/7/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.<br />Kaneshiro, Neil K. "Rubella." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 24 January 2011. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.<br />"Summary of Notifiable Diseases." Center for Disease Control. Center for Disease Control, 24 June 2010. Web. 24 May 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov>.<br />Vorvick, Linda J., and David Zieve. "Mumps." PubMed Health. A.D.A.M, 13/5/2010. Web. 28 April 2011. <http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>.<br />

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