Rock and roll history


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Rock and roll history

  1. 1. Classic Rock And British Pop Progressive Glam Metal Rock Hair Metal Black Metal Power Metal Folk Rock Nu Metal And Southern Rock Dubstep Rock Reggae RockAnd Ballad Rock And Grunge Punk Rock
  2. 2.  Elvis Aaron Presleya (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977 ) in tupelo Mississippi was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King". Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, Presley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family at the age of 13. He began his career there in 1954, working with Sun Records owner Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was the most important popularizer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country and rhythm and blues. RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who would manage the singer for over two decades. Presleys first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", released in January 1956, was a number one hit. He became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll with a series of network television appearances and chart-topping records. His energized interpretations of songs, many from African American sources, and his uninhibited performance style made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, he made his film debut in Love Me Tender. Conscripted into military service in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career two years later with some of his most commercially successful work. He staged few concerts however, and guided by Parker, proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood movies and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, after seven years away from the stage, he returned to live performance in a celebrated comeback television special that led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973 Presley staged the first concert broadcast globally via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii, seen by approximately 1.5 billion viewers. Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and he died suddenly in 1977 at the age of 42. Presley is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century popular culture. He had a versatile voice and unusually wide success encompassing many genres, including country, pop ballads, gospel, and blues. He is the best-selling solo artist in the history of popular music.[1][2][3][4] Nominated for 14 competitive Grammys, he won three, and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36. He has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame.
  3. 3.  Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll Over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958), Chuck Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics focusing on teen life and consumerism and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music.[1] Born into a middle class family in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry had an interest in music from an early age and gave his first public performance at Sumner High School. While still a high school student he served a prison sentence for armed robbery between 1944 and 1947. On his release, Berry settled into married life and worked at an automobile assembly plant. By early 1953, influenced by the guitar riffs and showmanship techniques of blues player T-Bone Walker, he was performing in the evenings with the Johnnie Johnson Trio.[2] His break came when he traveled to Chicago in May 1955, and met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. With Chess he recorded "Maybellene"—Berrys adaptation of the country song "Ida Red"—which sold over a million copies, reaching #1 on Billboards Rhythm and Blues chart. By the end of the 1950s, Berry was an established star with several hit records and film appearances to his name as well as a lucrative touring career. He had also established his own St. Louis-based nightclub, called Berrys Club Bandstand. But in January 1962, Berry was sentenced to three years in prison for offenses under the Mann Act—he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines.[2][3][4] After his release in 1963, Berry had several more hits, including "No Particular Place to Go", "You Never Can Tell", and "Nadine", but these did not achieve the same success, or lasting impact, of his 1950s songs, and by the 1970s he was more in demand as a nostalgic live performer, playing his past hits with local backup bands of variable quality.[2] His insistence on being paid cash led to a jail sentence in 1979—four months and community service for tax evasion. Berry was among the first musicians to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on its opening in 1986, with the comment that he "laid the groundwork for not only a rock and roll sound but a rock and roll stance."[5] Berry is included in several Rolling Stone "Greatest of All Time" lists, including being ranked fifth on their 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[6] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fames 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll included three of Chuck Berrys songs: "Johnny B. Goode", "Maybellene", and "Rock and Roll Music".[7] Today – at the age of 85 – Berry continues to play live. Born in St. Louis, Missouri,[8] Berry was the fourth child in a family of six. He grew up in the north St. Louis neighborhood known as "The Ville," an area where many middle class St. Louis people lived at the time. His father, Henry, was a contractor and deacon of a nearby Baptist church, his mother Martha a certified public school principal. His middle class upbringing allowed him to pursue his interest in music from an early age and he gave his first public performance in 1941 while still at Sumner High School.[9] Just three years later, in 1944, while still at Sumner High School, he was arrested and convicted of armed robbery after robbing three shops in Kansas City and then stealing a car at gunpoint with some friends.[10][11] Berrys own account in his autobiography is that his car broke down and he then flagged down a passing car and stole it at gunpoint with a non-functional pistol.[12][13] Berry was sent to the Intermediate Reformatory for Young Men at Algoa, near Jefferson City, Missouri,[8] where he formed a singing quartet and did some boxing.[10] After his release from prison on his 21st birthday in 1947, Berry married Themetta "Toddy" Suggs on 28 October 1948, who gave birth to Darlin Ingrid Berry on 3 October 1950.[14] Berry supported his family doing a number of jobs in St. Louis: working briefly as a factory worker at two automobile assembly plants, as well as being janitor for the apartment building where he and his wife lived. Afterwards he trained as a beautician at the Poro College of Cosmetology, founded by Annie Turnbo Malone.[15] He was doing well enough by 1950 to buy a "small three room brick cottage with a bath" in Whittier Street, [16] which is now listed as the Chuck Berry House on the National Register of Historic Places.[17] By the early 1950s, Berry was working with local bands in the clubs of St. Louis as an extra source of income. [16] He had been playing the blues since his teens, and he borrowed both guitar riffs and showmanship techniques from blues player T-Bone Walker,[18] as well as taking guitar lessons from his friend Ira Harris that laid the foundation for his guitar style. [19] By early 1953 Berry was performing with Johnnie Johnsons trio, starting a long-time collaboration with the pianist.[20] Although the band played mostly blues and ballads, the most popular music among whites in the area was country. Berry wrote, "Curiosity provoked me to lay a lot of our country stuff on our predominantly black audience and some of our black audience began whispering who is that black hillbilly at the Cosmo? After they laughed at me a few times they began requesting the hillbilly stuff and enjoyed dancing to it." [8] Berrys calculated showmanship, along with mixing country tunes with R&B tunes, and singing in the style of Nat "King" Cole to the music of Muddy Waters, brought in a wider audience, particularly affluent white people.[2][21]
  4. 4.  Censorship of music is the practice of restricting free access to musical works. This censorship may stem from a wide variety of motivations, including moral, political, military or religious reasons. Censorship can range from the complete government-enforced legal prohibition of a musical work, to private, voluntary removal of content when a musical work appears in a certain context. Examples of censorship of music range from changed or excluded lyrics (this falls into the category of what is known as “radio edit”), to restricted cover album artwork, to the banning of artists airing on the radio or television for numerous conflicts, such as moral and racist issues. Censorship of U.S. popular music began in the early 1940’s-1950’s, when traditional and conservative values were being challenged by early rock and R&B. “Sex and drugs were no longer hidden and secretive acts, but something to be exposed and celebrated” (Hall, 2009). R&B music began to grasp people’s attention as well, with an emphasis on sexual desires and drug references (Hall, 2009). Many people were appalled by rock and R&B because they were thought to corrupt the young minds of America and promote immoral behavior. Actual censorship began in 1955, when over 30 songs were banned; many of them by black artists. In the early 1970’s and 80’s, music censorship expanded from songs to music videos. Heavy metal rock and rap music were targeted by moral authorities due to the amount of violence that was expressed in the music. For unknown reasons, music videos performed by black artists were not being aired on MTV; that is, until complaints started streaming in from the public. Michael Jackson’s popular hit, “Billie Jean,” was the first video by a black artist to be shown on TV (Hall, 2009). The birthing of the famous black and white parental advisory label occurred in 1990, after the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) urged the music industry and government to create and promote a rating system for music, evaluating the musical content, in 1985.[citation needed] Blanking; when the volume is muted for all or part of the word. Forms of censorship Bleeping; playing a noise, usually a "beep", over all or part of the word. Resampling; using a like-sounding portion of vocals and music to override the offending word. Resinging; Replacing a word with a more appropriate word. Backmasking; taking the offending word and reversing the audio, sometimes the whole audio is reversed (often because it is a home-made job), but more usually only the vocal track is reversed. Repeating; repeating the word just said before the explicit word was used. Skipping; deleting the word from the song without a time delay. Echo; instead of saying a word, it echoes the last word(s) said in the line. Disc scratching; in hip hop, scratching on the word, making it sound like another word, or make the word said faster or slower. RoboVoicing; making the word totally non-understandable by overpowering a robovoice effect (usually used as a last resort for home-made jobs). Distorting; Usually in Hip-Hop, less offensive words are distorted. It is usually done by shifting down the pitch.[cita
  5. 5.  Metal and Heavy metal music began in the late 1960’s early 70’s It began largely in the midlands of the United Kingdom(Great Britain)and the United States The first heavy metal bands to emerge were Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin, and Deep Purple It emerged from Psychedelic rock and blues styles with heavy riffs and distortion
  6. 6. The early-70s rock outfit Elf is best-known as the group that gavesinger Ronnie James Dio his start and he would eventually set hissights on a tougher, metallic sound, fronting the likes ofRainbow, Black Sabbath, and his own solo band, Dio. The group wentthrough several name changes in the late 60s (the Electric Elves, theElves), before settling simply on Elf and issuing a self-titled debutrecording for Epic in 1972, produced by Deep Purple bassist RogerGlover. The groups best-known lineup consisted of Dio (who was atthis time going by his real name, Ronald Padavona, and also doublingon bass), guitarist David Feinstein, guitarist/keyboardist Micky LeeSoule, and drummer Gary Driscoll. The album went largelyunnoticed, as did the groups subsequent two other releases, L.A./59(issued under the title Carolina Country Ball outside of the U.S.) andTrying to Burn the Sun, as the group guested on Roger Glovers 1974album The Butterfly Ball and the Grasshoppers Feast. Through theiraffiliation with Glover, Elf was brought to the attention of formerPurple leader/guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, who invited the entiregroup (sans their guitarist) to join forces as the prog metal outfitRainbow, resulting in the release of a self-titled effort in 1975. Slowlybut surely, however, Rainbow turned out to be nothing more than asolo vehicle for Blackmore rather than a true band and the former Elfmembers left the group one by one before Dio was the last oneremaining until eventually leaving the group himself in 1978.
  7. 7. Disillusioned and fed up with the chaotic state of Deep Purple in the mid- 70s, guitarist Ritchie Blackmore made the stunning announcement in May of 1975 that he was quitting the group he had founded and led for overThe brainchild of former Deep Purple guitarist seven years in order to start from scratch. Teaming up with up-and-comingRitchie Blackmore, Rainbow quickly developed into American vocalist Ronnie James Dio, Blackmore built Rainbow around the singers former band Elf, minus their guitarist David Feinstein. Featuringone of the 70s most successful heavy metal bands bassist Craig Gruber, keyboard player Mickey Lee Soule, and drummer Garybehind charismatic front man Ronnie James Dio. Driscoll, the groups 1975 debut Ritchie Blackmores Rainbow was quicklyTogether, the duo would produce a string of embraced by European fans and yielded their first hit single, "Man on the Silver Mountain." Blackmore and Dio were dissatisfied with the albumsacclaimed albums which are still considered classics sound, however, and decided to re-vamp Rainbow (by then sufficientlyof the genre. But the group would change their established to do without Blackmores name) by drafting bassist Jimmymusical approach numerous times following the Bain, keyboard player Tony Carey, and former Jeff Beck Group drummer Cozy Powell. It was with this lineup that they entered Musicland studios insingers departure, eventually confusing and February 1976 to record the landmark Rising opus -- once voted thealienating much of their audience. Releasing eight greatest heavy metal album of all time in a 1981 Kerrang! magazinealbums during its decade long run, the band finally readers poll. Capturing Blackmore and Dio at the peak of their creative powers, Rising chronicled both the guitarists neo-classical metalcame to an end when Blackmore departed to rejoin compositions at their most ambitious, and the singers growing fixationhis old Deep Purple comrades in a full-fledged with fantasy lyrical themes -- a blueprint he would adopt for his entirereunion in 1984. And while the impact of Rainbows career thereafter. Following its release, the band embarked upon a successful world tour, culminating in a sold out European jaunt whichinfluence has faded with the intervening spawned a best-selling live album entitled On Stage, released in 1977.decades, theirs was a crucial chapter in thedevelopment of heavy metal and hard rock.
  8. 8. Black Sabbath are an English rock band, formed in Aston, Birmingham in 1969 by OzzyOsbourne (lead vocals), Tony Iommi (guitar), Geezer Butler (bass guitar), and Bill Ward (drums).The band has since experienced multiple line-up changes, with Tony Iommi the only constantpresence in the band through the years. Originally formed in 1968 as a heavy blues rock bandnamed Earth and renamed to Black Sabbath in 1969,[1] the band began incorporating occult andhorror-inspired lyrics with tuned-down guitars and achieving multiple platinum records in the1970s. Despite an association with occult and horror themes, Black Sabbath also composedsongs dealing with social instability, political corruption, the dangers of drug abuse andapocalyptic prophesies of the horrors of war.Black Sabbath are cited as pioneers of heavy metal.[2][3] The band helped define the genre withreleases such as quadruple-platinum Paranoid, released in 1970.[4] They were ranked by MTV asthe "Greatest Metal Band" of all time,[5] and placed second in VH1s "100 Greatest Artists of HardRock" list, behind Led Zeppelin.[6] Rolling Stone called the band "the heavy-metal kings of the70s".[7] They have sold over 15 million records in the United States[8] and over 70 million recordsworldwide.[9] Black Sabbath were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2006, and wereincluded among Rolling Stones list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[10]Vocalist Ozzy Osbournes heavy alcohol and drug usage led to him being fired from the band inApril 1979, after which he began a successful solo career, selling over 55 million albums. He wasreplaced by former Rainbow vocalist Ronnie James Dio. After a few albums with Dios vocals andsongwriting collaborations, Black Sabbath endured a revolving line-up in the 1980s and 1990sthat included vocalists Ian Gillan, Glenn Hughes, Ray Gillen and Tony Martin. In 1992, Iommi andButler rejoined Dio and drummer Vinny Appice to record Dehumanizer. The original line-upreunited with Osbourne in 1997 and released a live album Reunion. The line-up featuringIommi, Butler, Dio, and Appice reformed in 2006 under the moniker Heaven & Hell until Diosdeath on 16 May 2010.On 11 November 2011, the original band members announced that they were reuniting andrecording a new album.[11] The band are scheduled to perform a headlining slot at the DownloadFestival on 10 June 2012, followed by a world tour.[12] On 2 February 2012, Ward announced thathe would not participate in the Black Sabbath reunion unless he was given a "signable contract."The following day, the other group members announced they had "no choice but to continuerecording without him," but said "our door is always open" for Ward to return to the band
  9. 9. Formed in 2006 after late-era Black Sabbath membersRonnie James Dio, Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler, and VinnyAppice reunited after a 15-year hiatus for three new trackson the DioYears compilation, Heaven & Hell, named afterSabbaths first recording with Dio in 1980, toured under themoniker in 2007 and released the two-disc CD/DVD Livefrom Radio City Music Hall later that year. The bands firstfull-length studio recording, Devil You Know, arrived in2009. However, in November of that year Dioswife, Wendy, announced that Dio was suffering fromstomach cancer, although indicating that the disease was inits early stages and expressing hope for a full recovery andreturn to performing. Nevertheless, Heaven & Hellsubsequently canceled their summer 2010 touring plansand, sadly, Ronnie James Dio succumbed to the disease onMay 16, 2010, at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center inHouston, TX.
  10. 10. R.J. Dio – "I doubt very much if I would be the first onewho ever did that. Thats like saying I invented thewheel, Im sure someone did that at some other point.I think youd have to say that I made it fashionable. Iused it so much and all the time and it had become mytrademark until the Britney Spears audience decidedto do it as well. So it kind of lost its meaning with that.But it was...I was in Sabbath at the time. It was symbolthat I thought was reflective of what that band wassupposed to be all about. Its NOT the devils sign likewere here with the devil. Its an Italian thing I gotfrom my Grandmother called the "Malocchio". Its toward off the Evil Eye or to give the EvilEye, depending on which way you do it. Its just asymbol but it had magical incantations and attitudesto it and I felt it worked very well with Sabbath. So Ibecame very noted for it and then everybody elsestarted to pick up on it and away it went. But I wouldnever say I take credit for being the first to do it. I saybecause I did it so much that it became the symbol ofrock and roll of some kind."[7]
  11. 11.  Rock and roll also served as a business as well as a hobby The merchandising and ticket sales for these bands led half of the money to them and another half to their companies Merchandising of t shirts and licensed band materials as well as signatures always costed people extra so the bands can make money Some bands will only sign new stuff or get pictures with VIPs
  12. 12.  One of the largest Bands in the business of Rock and Roll was Kiss Kiss was a huge logo for all fans of Rock and roll in the 1970’s and still today They have one of the largest online stores They run and support a lot of charities Paul Stanley and Gene Simmons are seen on television a lot Their bass player Gene Simmons is the co founder of the band and a huge business man Kiss became known as The Hottest Band in the World and they started music in 1973
  13. 13.  The 1950’s was the time period where most Rock And Roll began to form It was a form of Classic ,Blues,Swing, And Jazz styles It started a revolution for all kinds of rock and metal
  14. 14.  60’s rock was rock music from the 1960’s It was music that was cross between pop,rock,and classical styles It was another very popular era for music
  15. 15.  70’s Rock is a rock that started in the 1970’s It was an awesome era for music It was a era of peace love and music 50’s and 60’s rock revolutionized this movement It was an era of all kinds of rock and disco music
  16. 16.  This is the rock of the 1990’s A mixture of all kinds of rock
  17. 17.  Peace & Love is the largest festival[1][dead link] in Sweden and the only one with an outspoken message of Solidarity, Diversity and Understanding[2], which runs through the whole event. It started in 1999 and is located in Borlänge, Sweden. The festival is a part of an organization which is involved in other projects besides the festival in Borlänge. The concept of the Peace & Love festival is to spread the message of Diversity, Solidarity and Understanding. It’s about crossing borders and bringing differing cultures from near and afar together and trying to get people to change their attitudes towards themselves and others. The Peace & Love festival was first held in 1999, as a reaction to the ongoing violence. The first festival was held at a club in central Borlänge, with about 900 attendees. Since then the festival has been held at different locations i central Borlänge. The Peace & Love festival is still one of Scandinavias fastest-growing festivals. In 2006 there were 15,000 visitors per day, with over 37,000 people attending in total. The 10th Peace & Love festival was in 2008 and had a record of 25000 visitors, which made them the second biggest festival in Sweden. [edit] 2008 From the Latin pax, meaning "freedom from civil disorder," the English word came into use in various personal greetings from c.1300 as a translation of the Hebrew shalom. Shalom, cognate with the Arabic "salaam", has multiple meanings: safety, welfare, prosperity, security, fortune, friendliness. The personalized meaning is reflected in a nonviolent lifestyle, which also describes a relationship between any people characterized by respect, justice and goodwill. This later understanding of peace can also pertain to an individuals sense of himself or herself, as to be "at peace" with ones own mind attested in Europe from c.1200. The early English term is also used in the sense of "quiet", reflecting a calm, serene, and meditative approach to the family or group relationships that avoids quarreling and seeks tranquility — an absence of disturbance or agitation. In many languages the word for peace is also used a greeting or a farewell, for example the Hawaiian word Aloha, as well as the Arabic word Salam . In English the word peace is used as a farewell, especially for the dead as in Rest In Peace, RIP. Peace of God" redirects here. For the medieval movement, see Peace and Truce of God. Gari Melchers, Mural of Peace, 1896. The Peace symbol in 1701 displayed by Pope Clement XI. Religious beliefs often seek to identify and address the basic problems of human life, including the conflicts between, among, and within persons. Christians claim Jesus of Nazareth to be the "Prince of Peace", the Messiah Christ who established a Kingdom of Peace where persons, societies, and all of creation are to be healed of evil. For persons to enter this Kingdom and experience peace, Christians believe that one must develop a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, who stated: "Come to me, all you who labor and are burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am meek and humble of heart; and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden light." (Matthew 11:28-30) Buddhists believe that peace can be attained once all suffering ends. To eliminate suffering and achieve this peace, they follow a set of teachings called the Four Noble Truths — a central tenet in Buddhist philosophy. Islam means the way of life to attain peace. The word "Muslim" means the person who submits to Allah in Peace. The submission to Allah (the Arabic proper noun for "The God", One and Only) is based on humility. An attitude of humility within ones own self cannot be accomplished without total rejection of violence and attitude of alliance towards peace. See also: Catholic peace traditions and Peace in Islamic philosophy
  18. 18.  Psychedelic rock was a popish rock that started in the late 1960’s It was when every thing was Tie dye One of the first ever rock styles to emerge It was way before classic rock and British pop was a huge influence It sparked a revolution for all types of rock and metal after the woodstock of 69
  19. 19.  Classic Rock dates back to early 1950’s It is said that it formed from classical music, blues, folk and hard riffs. Most classic rock bands created their own style by using scales and chords in their own range to make their own music . This kind of music brought forth leeway to our music today Classic Rock sparked creativity for all rock styles beyond their ability
  20. 20.  British pop also played a big role in rock and roll It gave them a easy melody to use with all their music It began in the early 1960’s in Britain
  21. 21.  Instrumental rock was a soothing rock with no lyrics Some of this type influenced every kind of genre and a lot of awesome solos and shredding It was very popular among everyone because even though there were no lyrics it had meaning
  22. 22.  Progressive Rock in the 1970’s combined all kinds of Rock Together to form a unique sound These bands influenced the glam metal and hair metal and all of the metal of today
  23. 23.  Glam metal started in the late 1960’s early 70’s Glam metal was a unique style all on its own This genre was a huge influence to millions of bands today because the music was so energetic and definitely related to power metal and European black metal
  24. 24.  Shock rock is another popular style of rock that began in the early 1970’s Most of them had unique props when they were on stage It was like glam metal but a little different Most of these bands wore all black and were dressed up Some wore makeup Screamin Jay Hawkins was one of the first influences to this kind of rock
  25. 25.  Doom metal is one of the first types of heavy metal it evolved in the early 1970’s It is a dark sounding metal with distorted sound
  26. 26.  After The Wars from the 1950’s to 1980’s the Europeans played a tole in a very heavy style of metal This type of metal had violent and disturbing lyrics This music was banned in US because it was against peoples religions and the lyrics led some people to suicide These bands were so bad and violent they burnt churches in European countries after touring They do bring influence to some of the heaviest metal today
  27. 27.  Ballad Rock was the soft touch to rock music that many bands use to remain famous
  28. 28.  Folk rock combines folk music with rock to make it creative Many metal bands are doing this today All the different folk music instruments make a unique touch to all rock music Folk rock also lead to a metal style called Viking Metal They also use some celtic styles in there as well
  29. 29.  Folk Metal is a type of metal that originated in European countries It started in the late 1980’s early 90’s It was Power metal that was very heavy with a twist of folk and classical music alot of the bands sang in all different kinds of languages including English This type of music is also known as Viking metal Most of these bands dress in plated armor and carry weapons as props for performance
  30. 30.  Indie rock began in the late 80’s early 90’s Indie rock was a type of alternative rock that had a new age style It was cross between alternative and modern rock It also had some grunge influence as well
  31. 31.  In the early 1990’S grunge rock began to form It was a style of rough rock combined with distorted riffs and down tuned instruments It first emerged in Seattle Washington The Ramones was a punk band that influenced this kind of music Grunge is still popular in forms of music from the 1990’s and up
  32. 32.  Nu metal in the 1990’s combined Rap with rock to create a new mix of music It was believed to come from bands like Anthrax and Slayer and other forms of thrash metal It created a direction for our modern rock of today
  33. 33.  Punk rock has emerged since the early 1970’s It plays a huge tole in the rock of today It created a rowdy kind of music that is found in todays metal and rock The Ramones and mc5 influenced punk music largely
  34. 34.  Country ,Blues , and Jazz is combined to make southern Rock Southern rock began in the early 1970’s and made leeway to all rock bands of today
  35. 35.  This movement led to many music acts and led to what we call reggae rock Reggae rock is a style of reggae Bob Marley styles and rock to create a new alternative to rock Also known as stoner rock
  36. 36.  Electronic Rock is Rock Music that you can dance too It was a genre that came about in the late 1970’s early 80’s It brought forth Dubstep Metal
  37. 37.  Pop rock was a popish kind of rock It is a genre that has been around since the 1960’s A very popular kind of rock of today
  38. 38.  Dubstep metal is a new modern style of rock that puts rock and electronic music together
  39. 39. 1. Thunderkiss Robot Rock 65( Rob Zombie- Thunderkiss 65 and Daft Punk-Robot Rock)2. Rock and roll will take you through the sandstorm ( Skrillex-Rock and roll will take you to the mountain and Darude-Sandstorm)3. Scary Monsters and nice Robot men ( Scorpions-Robot man and Skrillex-Scary monsters and nice sprites4. Mr.Roboto can feel the beat ( Styx-Mr.Roboto and Darude-I Can feel the beat5. Icarus on wings of steel one more time-( Kansas-Icarus borne on wings of steel and Daftpunk- one more time6. Run to the hills with funk-(Iron maiden –run to the hills and Daftpunk- Da Funk)7. I Can’t dance to the music ( Genesis-I can’t dance and Daft punk-Musique)8. Turbo Lover around the world ( Judas Priest –Turbo lover and Daft Punk –Around the world9. Party rockin in the free world (Lmfao –Party rock anthem and Neil Young Rockin in the free world)10. Im dio and I know it- Lmfao and dio11. Sorry for kick starting my heart (Motley crue –kickstart my heart and Lmfao Sorry for party rocking12. Leave it technologic daft punk and yes13. Money harder better faster stronger –Pink floyd and Daft punk14. Shake Shake senora there’s a bungle in the jungle-Jethro tull and Pitbull15. Satellites I like them –The hooters and Pitbull16. Rio Rain over me- Duran duran and Pitbull17. Jump And get ready to rumble-Van halen and Jock jams18. It’s the final countdown out of control-Europe and darude19. Viva la vida if I could fly-Coldplay and Joe satriani
  40. 40.  Blues Rock is a style that combines blues and rock together It is another more commonly used rock
  41. 41.  Gospel Rock also plays a role in Rock styles today Many classic rock bands wore crosses to show they were religious so over religious people wouldn’t feel offended by their music Black Sabbath was the first band that followed that movement Gospel is rock that is religion friendly
  42. 42.  Thrash metal is in between Hard and Heavy Metal It began in the late 1980’s It is a very popular and still modern rock of today
  43. 43.  New age is a type of instrumental rock with nature sounds It began in the late 1980’s It is a soothing kind of rock with alternative style With a pop style too
  44. 44.  Neoclassical is instrumental classical music mixed with modern rock to make a very unique sound It is very similar to symphonic rock It is one of the most underrated genres of rock and roll It also shows some bits of blues and folk in this style as well It began in European Countries Uli Jon Roth started this genre when he started his sky orchestra project Trans Siberian orchestra from Russia followed after
  45. 45.  Girl bands began in the late 1970’s to 1980’s They were rock bands of all girls Just as popular as the guy bands
  46. 46.  Soft Rock is a soft Rock created from soul ,blues , and classical music Soft rock is very popular in alternative music today It began as early as the late 60’s to 1970’s
  47. 47.  These are album covers that got banned due to content and were replaced with band pictures It was due to government laws Some of these were banned from stores until the cover was changed It was all part of making better content even though the bands thought the covers were not offensive
  48. 48.  American Rock is Rock that originated in America It is the most common type of rock music heard on the radio today
  49. 49.  Canadian Rock is a genre of Rock that originated in Canada Some of the most popular new and old bands made very good music from Canada Canadian Rock was a mixture of all kinds of rock genres in French and English
  50. 50.  German Hard rock was a type of hard rock that originated in Germany and the lyrics were in German It was a unique genre although some of these bands sing in English as well as German and other languages Scorpions was one of the very first German hard rock bands they began in 1965 and Rudolf Schenker was their founder
  51. 51.  The Scorpions are a rock band from Hannover, Germany formed in 1965 by guitarist Rudolf Schenker, who is the bands only constant member.[9][10][11] They are known for their 1980s rock anthem "Rock You Like a Hurricane" and many singles, such as "No One Like You", "Send Me an Angel", "Still Loving You", and "Wind of Change". The band was ranked #46 on VH1s Greatest Artists of Hard Rock program.[12] "Rock You Like a Hurricane" is also #18 on VH1s list of the 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs.[13] On January 24, 2010, after 46 years of performing, the band announced that they will be retiring after touring in support of their new album Sting in the Tail.[14][15] The band sold over 100 million albums worldwide.[16] Rudolf Schenker, the bands rhythm guitarist launched the band in 1965. At first, the band had beat influences and Schenker himself did the vocals. Things began to come together in 1970 when Schenkers younger brother Michael and vocalist Klaus Meine joined the band. In 1972, the group recorded and released their debut album Lonesome Crow, with Lothar Heimberg on bass and Wolfgang Dziony on drums. During the Lonesome Crow tour, Scorpions opened for upcoming British band UFO. Near the end of the tour, the members of UFO offered guitarist Michael Schenker the lead guitar job, an offer which he soon accepted. Uli Roth, a friend of the Schenker brothers, was then called in temporarily to finish off the tour. The departure of Michael Schenker led to the breakup of the band. In 1973, Uli Roth, who had helped Scorpions complete the Lonesome Crow tour, was offered the role as lead guitarist, but turned the band down, preferring instead to remain in the band Dawn Road. Rudolf Schenker eventually decided that he wanted to work with Roth, but did not want to resurrect the last Scorpions lineup. He attended some of Dawn Roads rehearsals and ultimately decided to join the band, which consisted of Roth, Francis Buchholz (bass), Achim Kirschning (keyboards) and Jürgen Rosenthal (drums). Roth and Buchholz persuaded Rudolf Schenker to invite Klaus Meine to join on vocals, which he soon did. While there were more members of Dawn Road than Scorpions in the band, they decided to use the Scorpions name because it was well known in the German hard rock scene and an album had been released under that name.[
  52. 52.  Jazz Rock was a beginning style of rock that incorporated jazz with rock It began as early as the 1950’s Lou Armstrong was one of the big influences of this type of rock
  53. 53.  Latin Rock was a form of rock and latin music together to make a unique sound
  54. 54.  Many rock and Roll Artists appeared in movies That also brought by to their fame They were very famous in hollywood
  55. 55. Steven Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960) is anAmerican guitarist, songwriter and producer Vai began playing guitar in 1973, at the age ofwho has sold over 15 million albums. Afterstarting his career as a music transcriptionist for 13.[2] In 1974, he took guitar lessons fromFrank Zappa, Vai recorded and toured in guitarist Joe Satriani and played in localZappas band for two years, from 1980 to 1982.The guitarist began a solo career in 1983, has bands, one of which was called "The Stevereleased eight solo albums and won three Vais". He was influenced by guitaristsGrammy Awards. Vai has also recorded andtoured with Public Image Ltd., Alcatrazz, David including Jimi Hendrix, Jeff Beck, BrianLee Roth and Whitesnake. Vai has been a May, Jimmy Page, Glen Buxton,[3] and jazzregular touring member of the G3 Concert Tourwhich began in 1996. In 1999 Vai started his own fusion guitarist Allan Holdsworth. Vai attendedrecord label Favored Nations, intending to the Berklee College of Music, afterwardsshowcase as he describes, "...artists that have recording a promotional piece for them inattained the highest which he spoke about auditioning for Frankperformance level on their Zappa at age 20.chosen instruments."[1]Steve Vai also designed the ibanez universea seven string jem
  56. 56.  Many guitarists had their own designs Some had personalized parts and strings on their guitars They had 6 or more strings or multiple pick ups
  57. 57.  If you want to learn some cool facts about some of the most influential guitarists watch these next few slides If you can care less about skip to the end of the PowerPoint it would be cool if you did watch it Ill even throw in some cool videos on youtube and a guitar solos quiz The videos on youtube are of Uli jon roth These guitarists are some of the greatest ones in history and some even designed their own unique instruments to take the quiz at the end of the powerpoint some questions about these guitarists are in there Enter at your own Riff!!!!!!!!!
  58. 58.  Steven Siro Vai (born June 6, 1960) is an American guitarist, songwriter and producer who has sold over 15 million albums. After starting his career as a music transcriptionist for Frank Zappa, Vai recorded and toured in Zappas band for two years, from 1980 to 1982. The guitarist began a solo career in 1983, has released eight solo albums and won three Grammy Awards. Vai has also recorded and toured with Public Image Ltd., Alcatrazz, David Lee Roth and Whitesnake. Vai has been a regular touring member of the G3 Concert Tour which began in 1996. In 1999 Vai started his own record label Favored Nations, intending to showcase as he describes, "...artists that have attained the highest performance level on their chosen instruments Vai mailed Frank Zappa a transcription of Zappas "The Black Page", an instrumental for drums, along with a tape of Vais guitar playing. Zappa was so impressed that in 1979, he hired him to transcribe a number of his guitar solos, including some on the Joes Garage album and the Shut Up n Play Yer Guitar series. These transcriptions were published in 1982 in The Frank Zappa Guitar Book. After being hired as a transcriber, Vai did overdubs on many of the guitar parts for Zappas album You Are What You Is. He became a full-fledged band member, going on his first tour with Zappa in the autumn of 1980. One of those early shows with Vai on guitar, recorded in Buffalo, was released in 2007. While touring with Zappas band, Vai sometimes asked audience members to bring musical scores and see if he could sight-read them on the spot. Zappa referred to Vai as his "little Italian virtuoso" and listed him in the liner notes as performing "stunt guitar" or "impossible guitar parts". Vai was a featured artist on the 1993 recording Zappas Universe. In 2006 he returned to Frank Zappa as a special guest on Dweezil Zappas Zappa Plays Zappa tour, alongside friends from his early years with Zappa. After leaving Zappa in 1982 he moved to California, where he recorded his first album Flex-Able, in 1983 (released January 1984) and performed in a couple of bands. In 1985 he replaced Yngwie Malmsteen as lead guitarist in Graham Bonnets Alcatrazz, with whom he recorded the album Disturbing the Peace. Later in 1985, he joined former Van Halen front man David Lee Roths group to record the albums Eat Em and Smile (released July 1986) and Skyscraper (released 1988). In 1986, Vai played with John Lydons Public Image Ltd on their album Album. In 1989, Vai joined Whitesnake, replacing Vivian Campbell. When Adrian Vandenberg injured his wrist shortly before recording was to begin for the album Slip of the Tongue, Vai played all the guitar parts. Vai played on the Alice Cooper album Hey Stoopid, along with Joe Satriani on the song "Feed my Frankenstein." Vai continues to tour regularly, with his own group and with his one-time teacher and fellow guitar instrumentalist friend Joe Satriani on the G3 series of tours. Former David Lee Roth and Mr. Big bassist Billy Sheehan joined him for a world tour. In 1990, Vai released his critically acclaimed solo album Passion and Warfare. The song "For the Love of God" was voted #29 in a readers poll of the 100 greatest guitar solos of all time in Guitar World magazine. In 1994, Vai began writing and recording with Ozzy Osbourne. One track from these sessions, "My Little Man", was released on the Ozzmosis album. Despite Vai penning the track, he does not appear on the album, with his guitar parts replaced by Zakk Wylde. Another track, "Dyin Day", appeared as an instrumental on Vais Fire Garden album. Vais band members in the 90s included drummer Mike Mangini, guitarist Mike Keneally, and bassist Philip Bynoe. In 1994 Vai received a Grammy Award for his performance on the Frank Zappa song Sofa from the album Zappas Universe.
  59. 59.  Steven J. "Steve" Morse (born 28 July 1954) is an American guitarist and composer, best known as the founder of the Dixie Dregs, and the guitar player in Deep Purple since 1994. Morses career has encompassed rock, country, funk, jazz, classical, and fusion of these musical genres. In addition to a thriving solo career, he enjoyed a brief stint with Kansas in the mid 80s. Morses father was a minister and his mother a classically trained pianist; both were also psychologists. The family moved to Tennessee, then Ypsilanti, Michigan, where Morse spent his childhood. Although familiar with piano and clarinet, Morse ultimately became interested in guitar after seeing a gentleman finger picking a Dixie melody at a county fair.[citation needed] Morse worked briefly with his brother Dave in a band called The Plague until the family moved to Augusta, Georgia. In the late 60s, he played in a band called Three—named on the day of a local battle of the bands (and finishing 2nd)-- with his older brother; and 12 yr. old keyboardist William Gerald (Jerry) Wooten, a student at the same junior high as, though 1 grade earlier than, the 13 yr. old guitarist. Wooten, at Morses suggestion (after a tryout—with tentative pointers of the solo- and bass-key style on the Doors "Light My Fire", at the home of the young Morse) added bass keys (as well as melodic blues scales learned from Steve) to the band—and was known casually as "Steves Little Brother", by schoolmates and denizens of a local psychedelic youth club, "The Green Onion" where—along with Legion Halls and church functions— the early band performed. Enrolled in the Academy of Richmond County, he met bassist Andy West and, together, they formed the nucleus of the Dixie Grit, adding keyboardist Johnny Carr, guitarist and vocalist Frank Brittingham with Dave Morse drumming. However, this effort was short lived, since covering Led Zeppelin, Cream and the like limited their ability to get higher-paying jobs at local dance halls. West and Morse continued to play as a duet billed as the Dixie Dregs until Morses expulsion from school in the 10th grade (for refusing to cut his hair) enabled his enrolment at the esteemed University of Miami School of Music. During the 1970s, the University of Miami played host to a number of future influential musicians, including Bruce Hornsby, Pat Metheny, Chuck Schuldiner, Jaco Pastorius and others. Andy West also enrolled at the University of Miami and, with Morse, drummer Bart Yarnall, keyboardist Frank Josephs and violinist Allen Sloan, collaborated in a lab project entitled Rock Ensemble II. Rehearsing and performing Morses compositions at the University of Miami brought some attention to his credibility as a composer and player. The group compiled a recording used for promotional efforts in 1975. This recording was eventually released as The Great Spectacular in 1997.
  60. 60.  Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 1952[1] – 6 February 2011), was a Northern Irish musician, most widely recognised as a blues singer and guitarist. In a career dating back to the 1960s, Moore played with artists including Phil Lynott and Brian Downey during his teens, leading him to memberships with the Irish bands Skid Row and Thin Lizzy on three separate occasions. Moore shared the stage with such blues and rock luminaries as B.B. King, Albert King, Colosseum II, George Harrison and Greg Lake, as well as having a successful solo career. He guested on a number of albums recorded by high profile musicians, including a cameo appearance playing the lead guitar solo on "Shes My Baby" from Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3. Moore died in his sleep of a heart attack[2] in his hotel room while on holiday in Estepona, Spain, in February 2011. Moore started performing at a young age, having picked up a battered acoustic guitar at the age of eight. He got his first quality guitar at the age of 14, learning to play the right-handed instrument in the standard way despite being left-handed. He moved to Dublin in 1968 at the age of 16. His early musical influences were artists such as Albert King, Elvis Presley, The Shadows and The Beatles. Later, having seen Jimi Hendrix and John Mayalls Bluesbreakers in his home town of Belfast, his own style was developing into a blues-rock sound that would be the dominant form of his career in music. Moores greatest influence in the early days was guitarist Peter Green of Fleetwood Mac who was a mentor to Moore when performing in Dublin. Greens continued influence on Moore was later repaid as a tribute to Green on his 1995 album Blues for Greeny, an album consisting entirely of Green compositions. On this tribute album, Moore played Greens 1959 Les Paul Standard guitar which Green had lent to Moore after leaving Fleetwood Mac. Moore ultimately purchased the guitar, at Greens request, so that "it would have a good home".[5] Moore performing at the Manchester Apollo, 1985 While less popular in the US, Moores work "brought substantial acclaim and commercial success in most other parts of the world – especially in Europe".[6] Throughout his career, Moore was recognised as an influence by many notable guitarists including Vivian Campbell,[7] Patrick Rondat,[8] John Norum, Paul Gilbert,[9] Gus G, Slash, Orianthi, Joe Bonamassa, Adrian Smith, Doug Aldrich, Zakk Wylde,[10] Randy Rhoads, John Sykes and Kirk Hammett[11] He collaborated with a broad range of artists including Phil Lynott, George Harrison, Trilok Gurtu, Dr. Strangely Strange, Colosseum II, Travelling Wilburys, Albert Collins, Jimmy Nail, Mo Foster, Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, Jim Capaldi, B.B. King, Bob Dylan, Vicki Brown, Cozy Powell, Rod Argent, the Beach Boys, Ozzy Osbourne, Paul Rodgers, Keith Emerson, Roger Daltrey, Albert King and together with Colosseum II with Andrew Lloyd Webber on the composers Variations album in 1978. He experimented with many musical genres, including rock, jazz, blues, country, electric blues, hard rock and heavy metal.[12] In 1968, aged 16, Moore moved to Dublin to join the group Skid Row with Noel Bridgeman and Brendan "Brush" Shiels. It was with this group that he earned a reputation in the music industry, and his association with Phil Lynott began.[3] 3][4] [
  61. 61.  Thin Lizzy are an Irish rock band formed in Dublin in 1969. Two of the founding members, drummer Brian Downey and bass guitarist/vocalist Phil Lynott met while still in school. Lynott assumed the role of frontman and led them throughout their recording career of twelve studio albums. Thin Lizzy are best known for their songs "Whiskey in the Jar", "Jailbreak" and "The Boys Are Back in Town", all major international hits still played regularly on hard rock and classic rock radio stations. After Lynotts death in 1986, various incarnations of the band have emerged over the years based around guitarists Scott Gorham and John Sykes, though Sykes left the band in 2009. Lynott, Thin Lizzys de facto leader, was composer or co-composer of almost all of the bands songs, and the first black Irishman to achieve commercial success in the field of hard rock music. Thin Lizzy boasted some of the most critically acclaimed guitarists throughout their history, with Downey and Lynott as the rhythm section, on the drums and bass guitar. As well as being multiracial, the band drew their members not only from both sides of the Irish border but also from both the Catholic and Protestant communities during The Troubles. Their music reflects a wide range of influences, including country music, psychedelic rock, and traditional Irish folk music, but is generally classified as hard rock or sometimes heavy metal. Rolling Stone magazine describes the band as distinctly hard rock, "far apart from the braying mid-70s metal pack".[1] Allmusic critic John Dougan has written that "As the bands creative force, Lynott was a more insightful and intelligent writer than many of his ilk, preferring slice-of-life working-class dramas of love and hate influenced by Bob Dylan, Van Morrison, Bruce Springsteen, and virtually all of the Irish literary tradition."[2] Van Morrison, Jeff Beck and Jimi Hendrix were major influences during the early days of the band, and later influences included American artists Little Feat and Bob Seger. Contents [hide] Thin Lizzy were founded one night in late December 1969 in Dublin, Ireland, when Belfast guitarist Eric Bell met up with organist Eric Wrixon in a pub and found that they shared an ambition to form a group. Both musicians had previously played with Them, fronted by Van Morrison.[3] The same night, they went to see the band Orphanage, which featured vocalist Phil Lynott and drummer Brian Downey. Bell and Wrixon introduced themselves after the gig and suggested the four of them form a band together. Lynott and Downey were aware of Bells good musical reputation,[4] and agreed with the condition that Lynott play bass guitar as well as sing, and that they perform some of his own compositions. [3] In July 1970, Thin Lizzy released a single, "The Farmer"/"I Need You", on EMI with the B-side written by John Dardis, who owned Trend Studios where the single was recorded. The single only sold 283 copies and is now a collectors item. [3] Wrixon left the band before the singles release, meaning there was a greater share of income for the three remaining members. [4] He moved to Europe before returning to Belfast, rejoining his old band, Them.[5] By the end of the year, Thin Lizzy were signed to Decca Records and they travelled to London in January 1971 to record their debut album, Thin Lizzy. The album sold moderately well but did not chart in the UK despite airplay and support from influential DJs John Peel and Kid Jensen.[3] Around March 1971, the band permanently relocated to London, before the release of the unsuccessful "New Day" EP in August.[5] Despite poor sales, Decca agreed to finance the bands second album Shades of a Blue Orphanage, released in March 1972. Like the previous LP, the songs were filled with Lynotts personal anecdotes and references to his life in Dublin and the people he knew there. Musically the style was Celtic, with little warning of the hard rock direction that the band were to take in the future. [3] Again, the album did not chart in the UK. In mid-1972, Thin Lizzy were asked to record an album of Deep Purple covers, which was released under the title Funky Junction Play a Tribute to Deep Purple. No mention was made of Thin Lizzy on the record. Vocals and keyboards were handled by members of another band, Elmer Fudd, and a few instrumental tracks composed by the band were also included on the album. [4] The album was released in January 1973. [edit] "Whiskey in the Jar"
  62. 62.  Mark Freuder Knopfler, OBE (born 12 August 1949) is a Scottish-born British guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer and film score composer. He is best known as the lead guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter for the British rock band Dire Straits, which he co-founded in 1977. After Dire Straits disbanded in 1995, Knopfler went on to record and produce six solo albums, including Golden Heart (1996), Sailing to Philadelphia (2000), and Get Lucky (2009). He has composed and produced film scores for eight films, including Local Hero (1983), Cal (1984), and The Princess Bride (1987).[1] In addition to his work with Dire Straits and as a solo artist and composer, Knopfler has recorded and performed with many prominent musical artists, including Phil Lynott, Chet Atkins, The Chieftains, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Emmylou Harris, Jools Holland, Sonny Landreth, and Van Morrison. He has produced albums for such artists as Tina Turner, Bob Dylan, and Randy Newman. Knopfler is one of the most respected fingerstyle guitarists of the modern rock era, and was ranked 27th on Rolling Stone magazines list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.[2] Knopfler and Dire Straits have sold in excess of 120 million albums to date.[3][4] A four-time Grammy Award winner, Knopfler is the recipient of the Edison Award and the Steiger Award, and holds three honorary doctorate degrees in music from universities in the United Kingdom. Mark Freuder Knopfler was born on 12 August 1949 in Glasgow, Scotland, to an English mother and Hungarian Jewish father—an architect whose anti-fascist sympathies forced him to flee from his native Hungary.[7] The family settled in Knopflers mothers home town of Blyth, Northumberland in North East England when he was 7 years old. He and his younger brother David attended Gosforth Grammar School. Inspired by his uncle Kingsleys harmonica and boogie-woogie piano playing, he wanted to buy an expensive Fiesta Red Fender Stratocaster just like Hank Marvins, but had to settle for a £50 twin-pick-up Höfner Super Solid.[8] During the 1960s, he formed and joined schoolboy bands and listened to singers like Elvis Presley and guitarists Chet Atkins, Scotty Moore, B.B King, Django Reinhardt, Hank Marvin, and James Burton. At 16, he made a local TV appearance as part of a harmony duo, with his classmate Sue Hercombe.[8] In 1968, after studying journalism for a year at Harlow Technical College,[8][9] Knopfler was hired as a junior reporter in Leeds for the Yorkshire Evening Post.[10] Two years later, he decided to further his studies, and went on to graduate with a degree in English at the University of Leeds.[11] In April 1970, while living in Leeds, Knopfler recorded a demo disk of an original song hed written, "Summers Coming My Way". The recording included Mark Knopfler (guitar and vocals), Steve Phillips (second guitar), Dave Johnson (bass), and Paul Granger (percussion). Johnson, Granger, and vocalist Mick Dewhirst played with Mark in the band Silverheels. Upon graduation in 1973, Knopfler moved to London and joined a High Wycombe-based band called Brewers Droop, appearing on the album The Booze Brothers. One night while spending some time with friends, the only guitar available was an old acoustic with a badly warped neck that had been strung with extra-light strings to make it playable. Even so, he found it impossible to play unless he finger-picked it. He said in a later interview, "That was where I found my voice on guitar." After a brief stint with Brewers Droop, Knopfler took a job as a lecturer at Loughton College in Essex—a position he held for three years. Throughout this time, he continued performing with local pub bands, including the Café Racers.[12] He also formed a duo with long-time associate bluesman Steve Phillips called The Duolian String Pickers. By the mid-1970s, Knopfler devoted much of his musical energies to his group, the Café Racers. His brother David moved to London, where he shared a flat with John Illsley—a guitarist who changed over to bass guitar. In April 1977, Mark gave up his flat in Buckhurst Hill and moved in with David and John. The three began playing music together, and soon Mark invited John to join the Café Racers. [13] [ 5][6]
  63. 63.  Riley B. King (born September 16, 1925), known by the stage name B.B. King, is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at No. 6 on its list of the 100 greatest guitarists of all time.[1] According to Edward M. Komara, King "introduced a sophisticated style of soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that would influence virtually every electric blues guitarist that followed."[2] King was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987 King was born in a small cabin on a cotton plantation outside of Berclair, Mississippi, to Albert King and Nora Ella Farr on September 16, 1925. In 1930, when King was four years old, his father abandoned the family, and his mother married another man. Because Nora Ella was too poor to raise her son, King was raised by his maternal grandmother Elnora Farr in Kilmichael, Mississippi.[3] Over the years, King has developed one of the worlds most identifiable guitar styles. He borrowed from Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker and others, integrating his precise and complex vocal-like string bends and his left hand vibrato, both of which have become indispensable components of rock guitarists vocabulary. His economy and phrasing has been a model for thousands of players, from Eric Clapton and George Harrison to Jeff Beck. King has mixed traditional blues, jazz, swing, mainstream pop and jump into a unique sound. In Kings words, "When I sing, I play in my mind; the minute I stop singing orally, I start to sing by playing Lucille." King grew up singing in the gospel choir at Elkhorn Baptist Church in Kilmichael. At age 12, he purchased his first guitar for $15.00[3] although another reference indicates he was given his first guitar by his cousin, Bukka White. In 1943, King left Kilmichael to work as a tractor driver and play guitar with the Famous St. Johns Quartet of Inverness, Mississippi, performing at area churches and on WGRM in Greenwood, Mississippi.[4][5] In 1946, King followed his cousin Bukka White to Memphis, Tennessee. White took him in for the next ten months.[3] However, King shortly returned to Mississippi, where he decided to prepare himself better for the next visit, and returned to West Memphis, Arkansas, two years later in 1948. He performed on Sonny Boy Williamsons radio program on KWEM in West Memphis, Arkansas where he began to develop a local audience for his sound. Kings appearances led to steady engagements at the Sixteenth Avenue Grill in West Memphis and later to a ten-minute spot on the legendary Memphis radio station WDIA. Kings Spot, became so popular, it was expanded and became the Sepia Swing Club. Initially he worked at the local R&B radio station WDIA as a singer and disc jockey, where he gained the nickname Beale Street Blues Boy, later shortened to Blues Boy and finally to B.B.[6][7] It was there that he first met T-Bone Walker. "Once Id heard him for the first time, I knew Id have to have [an electric guitar] myself. Had to have one, short of stealing!", he said.[8 In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los Angeles-based RPM Records. Many of Kings early recordings were produced by Sam Phillips, who later founded Sun Records. Before his RPM contract, King had debuted on Bullet Records by issuing the single "Miss Martha King" (1949), which did not chart well. "My very first recordings [in 1949] were for a company out of Nashville called Bullet, the Bullet Record Transcription company," King recalls. "I had horns that very first session. I had Phineas Newborn on piano; his father played drums, and his brother, Calvin, played guitar with me. I had Tuff Green on bass, Ben Branch on tenor sax, his brother, Thomas Branch, on trumpet, and a lady trombone player. The Newborn family were the house band at the famous Plantation Inn in West Memphis." [9] Performing with his famous guitar, Lucille King assembled his own band; the B.B. King Review, under the leadership of Millard Lee. The band initially consisted of Calvin Owens and Kenneth Sands (trumpet), Lawrence Burdin (alto saxophone), George Coleman (tenor saxophone),[10] Floyd Newman (baritone saxophone), Millard Lee (piano), George Joyner (bass) and Earl Forest and Ted Curry (drums). Onzie Horne was a trained musician elicited as an arranger to assist King with his compositions. By his own admission, he cannot play chords well[11] and always relies on improvisation. This was followed by tours across the USA with performances in major theaters in cities such as Washington, D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit and St. Louis, as well as numerous gigs in small clubs and juke joints of the southern US states. In the winter of 1949, King played at a dance hall in Twist, Arkansas. In order to heat the hall, a barrel half-filled with kerosene was lit, a fairly common practice at the time. During a performance, two men began to fight, knocking over the burning barrel and sending burning fuel across the floor. The hall burst into flames, which triggered an evacuation. Once outside, King realized that he had left his guitar inside the burning building. He entered the blaze to retrieve his beloved guitar, a Gibson semi-hollow electric. Two people died in the fire. The next day, King learned that the two men were fighting over a woman named Lucille. King named that first guitar Lucille, as well as every one he owned since that near-fatal experience, as a reminder never again to do something as stupid as run into a burning building or fight over women.
  64. 64.  Richard Williams (born February 1, 1950) is the guitarist for the rock band Kansas, and has been with them since their 1974 self-titled debut album. Williams lost his right eye in a childhood fireworks accident. He wore a prosthetic eye for many years, but now wears an eye patch instead. In the beginning, Williams shared guitar duties with keyboardist/guitarist Kerry Livgren. In the late 1980s, he shared the stage with guitar virtuoso Steve Morse instead. Years later, after some personnel changes in Kansas, Williams found himself as the only guitar player. While Livgrens sound could be described as virtuosic and bright, Williams style was well balanced with his melodic and mellow sound. Williams and Phil Ehart are the only two members of Kansas who have never left the band, and have been present for all Kansas albums to date. Among the songs he co-wrote with the band are "Can I Tell You", "No Room for a Stranger", and the hit "Play the Game Tonight".
  65. 65.  The Ibanez Jem was played by Steve Vai Steve Vai experimented with guitars for years His Favorite was his 7 string Jem He had them in many colors including borax swirl He even named his guitars He has a bunch of them The parts and sustain on the Jem gave him lots of Tonality in His Playing and they are famous for the cutaway
  66. 66.  Clarence Leonidas "Leo" Fender (August 10, 1909 – March 21, 1991) was an American inventor who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, or "Fender" for short. He left the company in the late 1960s, and later founded two other musical instrument companies, MusicMan and G&L Musical Instruments. The guitars, bass guitars, and amplifiers he designed from the 1940s on are still relevant: the Fender Telecaster (1949) was the first mass-produced electric guitar; the Fender Stratocaster (1954) is among the worlds most iconic electric guitars; the Fender Precision Bass (1951) set the standard for electric bass guitars; and the Fender Bassman amplifier, popular enough in its own right, became the basis for later amplifiers (notably by Marshall and Mesa Boogie) that dominated rock and roll music. Clarence Leonidas Fender ("Leo") was born on August 10, 1909, to Clarence Monte Fender and Harriet Elvira Wood, owners of a successful orange grove located between Anaheim and Fullerton, California. From an early age, Fender showed an interest in tinkering with electronics. When he was 13 years old, his uncle, who ran an automotive-electric shop, sent him a box filled with discarded car radio parts, and a battery. The following year, Leo visited his uncles shop in Santa Maria, California, and was fascinated by a radio his uncle had built from spare parts and placed on display in the front of the shop. Leo later claimed that the loud music coming from the speaker of that radio made a lasting impression on him. Soon thereafter, Leo began repairing radios in a small shop in his parents home. In the spring of 1928, Fender graduated from Fullerton Union High School, and entered Fullerton Junior College that fall, as an accounting major. While he was studying to be an accountant, he continued to teach himself electronics, and tinker with radios and other electrical items but never took any kind of electronics course. After college, Fender took a job as a deliveryman for Consolidated Ice and Cold Storage Company in Anaheim, where he later was made the bookkeeper. It was around this time that a local band leader approached Leo, asking him if he could build a public address system for use by the band at dances in Hollywood. Fender was contracted to build six of these PA systems. In 1933, Fender met Esther Klosky, and they were married in 1934. About that time, he took a job as an accountant for the California Highway Department in San Luis Obispo. In a depression government change- up, his job was eliminated, and he then took a job in the accounting department of a tire company. After working there six months, Leo lost his job along with the other accountants in the company.
  67. 67.  Yngwie Johann Malmsteen (English pronunciation: /ˈ ɪŋveɪ ˈmɑˈlmstiˈn / ING-vay MAHLM-steen, born June 30, 1963) is a Swedish guitarist, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and bandleader. Malmsteen became known for his neo-classical playing style in heavy metal. Steve Huey of Allmusic stated that, "Yngwie Malmsteen is arguably the most technically accomplished hard rock guitarist to emerge during the 80s."[1] Yngwie malmsteen was born Lars Yngwie Lannerback in Stockholm,Sweden Ritchie Blackmore and Uli Jon Roth were huge influences to him He started guitar when he was 10 years old He has been playing for over 50 years He plays fender stratocasters his favorite one is called the duck because it is a blonde 1972 strat that has donald duck stickers on the back. It is a normal single coil with seymour duncan pickups Malmsteen has stated that he prefers Stratocasters from the period of 1968-1972; he claims that the bigger headstock on these generates more sustain. Malmsteen customizes his guitars by fitting a brass nut, removing the middle string tree and scalloping the fretboard. Malmsteen previously disconnected the tone controls on his guitars but has said that he no longer does this. Malmsteen has previously used DiMarzio pickups - most notably the HS3 and the HS4 (Formerly known as the YJM). Malmsteen would use an HS3 in the bridge and the HS4 in the middle and neck positions. He now uses his signature Seymour Duncan YJM Fury pickups which have been out for the past couple of years or so. In his earlier recordings, Malmsteen used an HS3 in the neck and bridge positions and a disconnected stock fender in the middle. Malmsteen had also use a Fender Telecaster in a tour when in England, 1997.
  68. 68. Blackmore was born at Allandale Nursing Home, Weston-super-Richard Hugh "Ritchie" Blackmore (born 14 Mare, Somerset, South WestApril 1945) is a British guitarist and England, but moved to Heston, Middlesex (now Greatersongwriter, who is known as one of the first London) at the age of two.guitarists to fuse classical music elements with Although the surname Blackmore is thought to be of Englishblues rock.[1] He began his professional career origin, his father was of Welshas a studio session musician and was ancestry and his mother of English.[2] He was 11 when he gotsubsequently a member of Deep Purple, after his first guitar. His father bought itwhich Blackmore established a successful for him on certain conditions, including learning howcareer fronting his own band Rainbow, and to play properly, so he tooklater progressed to the traditional folk rock classical guitar lessons for a year.[3] While at school he did well atproject Blackmores Night. sports including the javelin. Blackmore left school at age 15 and started work as an apprentice radio mechanic at nearby Heathrow Airport. He was given guitar lessons by Big Jim Sullivan.
  69. 69.  Matthias Jabs (born October 25, 1955) is a German guitarist and songwriter. He is one of the guitar players for the heavy metal band Scorpions Before joining the Scorpions, Jabs played for the bands Lady, Fargo and Deadlock. Jabs was hired to join the Scorpions upon the departure of guitarist Ulrich Roth in August 1978. Jabs was discovered by Francis Buchholz, who helped him learn mathematics.[1] However Michael Schenker, younger brother of Scorpions rhythm guitarist/songwriter Rudolf Schenker had made the decision to leave his own band UFO, and expressed interest at re-joining the Scorpions as lead guitarist. Michael Schenker had already been a member of the Scorpions and left the band after the recording of their first album Lonesome Crow in 1972. As a result, Jabs was dismissed very shortly after joining the band. However, Michael Schenker proved to be very unreliable during this time period and would frequently be absent from the bands live shows. This caused the Scorpions to contact Jabs at the last minute to fill in for Michael. After too many absences, Michael Schenker left and Jabs was permanently reinstated as lead guitarist for the Scorpions, which he has been ever since. This is why the Scorpions 1979 album Lovedrive featured guitar tracks recorded by both Jabs and Michael Schenker. Jabs playing style was a large part of Lovedrives fresher, newer, heavier sound. This "Van Halen-like"[2] sound would become the bands signature as it would propel them into superstardom in the 1980s. In the year 2000, he was awarded the city of Hanover plaque. During the 1980s, he had a 1963-64 black Fender Stratocaster, called his "trouble guitar". It had had a Floyd Rose floating bridge and a Bill Lawrence L90 pickup. The guitar was featured on many tracks that needed a tremolo, including "Blackout". A copy of this guitar (with a black Gibson humbucker) is seen on the Make a Difference Foundation video filmed in Russia. This event had other guests including Ozzy Osbourne and Gorky Park. Jabs favours Gibson Explorer guitars, he even designed a model for them, called the Explorer 90 (due to the body being 90% the size of a regular Explorer) in the late 1980s. He also has a signature Fender Stratocaster dubbed the "Jabocaster". Nowadays, Jabs and the rest of the Scorpions play the German-made Dommenget brand of guitars. All of the bands signature models made by them. His most recent signature guitar is his "Mastercaster" which was used mostly on stage and on their Humanity - Hour 1 album. Jabs is also notable for using a Talk box on some songs (such as "The Zoo" on Animal Magnetism, "To Be No. 1" on Eye II Eye, "Money and Fame" (Crazy World), "Can You Feel It" (Unbreakable), and "Media Overkill" (Savage Amusement) ). Jabs replaces the Marshall amplification logo on his amplifier cabinets with his own name, in the same font style as the Marshall logo. Besides Marshall, Matthias also uses Wizard cabinets, Hiwatt, Engl, Fender Prosonic and Soldano amplifiers and cabinets, Kitty Hawk preamps, Dunlop picks, and Seymour Duncan JB pickups. Back in the 1980s, he used marshall JCM 800 2210 amplifiers which you can see on the World Wide Live DVD. Jabs also currently uses Ovation 6 and 12 string acoustic guitars, Daddario strings (which are tuned to E-flat and D), and talk boxes from Heil. In 2010, Cort Guitars collaborated with Matthias to develop his own signature line of electric guitars called the Garage 1 and Garage 2.
  70. 70.  Joseph Fidler "Joe" Walsh (born November 20, 1947)[1] is an American musician, songwriter, record producer, and actor. He has been a member of three commercially successful bands: the James Gang, Barnstorm, and the Eagles. He has also experienced success as a solo artist and prolific session musician, especially with B.B. King and Dan Fogelberg. Although Walsh is a native of Wichita, Kansas, he and his family lived in Columbus, Ohio for a number of years. His mother was a classically trained pianist. When Walsh was twelve years old the family moved to New York City. Later, Walsh moved to Montclair, New Jersey and attended Montclair High School there. He spent time in various bands playing around the Cleveland area, including The Measles while attending Kent State University. In response to moving to New York City, Walsh began a lifelong hobby of amateur ("ham") radio with the callsign WB6ACU. [edit] 1960s and 1970s January 1968 he replaced Glen Schwartz as lead guitarist for the James Gang, an American power trio. Walsh proved to be the bands star attraction, noted for his innovative rhythm playing and creative guitar riffs. In particular he was known for hot-wiring the pickups on his electric guitars to create his trademark "attack" sound.[2] The James Gang had several minor hits and became an early album- oriented rock staple for the next two years, including James Gang Live at Carnegie Hall. In November, 1971 Walsh left the group and formed the group Barnstorm, although their albums credited Walsh as a solo artist. Walsh and Barnstorm released their debut, the eponymous Barnstorm in 1972. The album was a critical success, but had only moderate sales. The follow-up The Smoker You Drink, the Player You Get (1973) was titled under his own name (although officially a Barnstorm album) and was Walshs commercial breakthrough. The first single "Rocky Mountain Way" received heavy airplay and reached #23 on the US Top 40 chart. In 1974 Barnstorm disbanded and Walsh continued as a solo artist. In December 1974, Walsh released an official solo album, So What and in March 1976, a live set, You Cant Argue with a Sick Mind. These would be his last solo albums until 1978. On December 20, 1975 he joined the Eagles as Bernie Leadons replacement. His addition steered the band toward a harder-edged sound and away from their early country-style work, and he was featured prominently on their multi-million-selling album Hotel California, co-writing the Top 20 hit "Life in the Fast Lane" (with Don Henley and Glenn Frey) and "Pretty Maids All in a Row" (co-written with former Barnstorm drummer Joe Vitale). As the Eagles struggled to record the follow-up to Hotel California, Walsh re-ignited his solo career with the well-received album But Seriously, Folks... (1978) which featured his hit comic depiction of rock stardom, "Lifes Been Good". Walsh also contributed "In the City" to The Warriors soundtrack (1979), a song penned and sung by Walsh that was later rerecorded for the Eagles The Long Run album.
  71. 71.  Brian Harold May, CBE (born 19 July 1947) is an English musician and astrophysicist most widely known as the guitarist, songwriter and occasional singer of the rock band Queen. As a guitarist he uses his home-built guitar, "Red Special", and has composed hits such as "Tie Your Mother Down", "We Will Rock You" and "Fat Bottomed Girls". He was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2005 for "services to the music industry and his charity work".[2] May earned a PhD in astrophysics from Imperial College in 2007 and is currently the Chancellor of Liverpool John Moores University.[3] May currently resides in Surrey.[4] In 2005, a Planet Rock poll saw May voted the 7th greatest guitarist of all time.[5] He was ranked at No. 26 on Rolling Stone magazines list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Brian May, the only child of Harold and Ruth May, was born in Hampton, London and attended Hampton Grammar School (now Hampton School).[7] During this time he formed his first band with vocalist and bassist Tim Staffell, named Nineteen Eighty-Four after George Orwells novel of the same name.[8] He left Hampton Grammar School with ten GCE Ordinary Levels and three Advanced Levels in Physics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics.[8] He studied Mathematics and Physics in Imperial College, London, graduating with an upper second class degree. [edit] Career 6] [
  72. 72. James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born JohnnyAllen Hendrix; November 27, 1942[1][2] –September 18, 1970) was an American guitaristand singer-songwriter. Even though he was inthe "spotlight" for only three years before hisdeath, he is still widely considered to be thegreatest electric guitarist in music history,[3][4][5]and one of the most influential musicians of hisera.[6][7][8] After initial success in Europe with hisgroup The Jimi Hendrix Experience, he achievedfame in the United States following his 1967performance at the Monterey Pop Festival.Later, Hendrix headlined the iconic 1969Woodstock Festival and the 1970 Isle of WightFestival. He often favored raw overdrivenamplifiers with high gain and treble and helpeddevelop the previously undesirable technique ofguitar amplifier feedback.[9]
  73. 73. Beck was born in 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck at 206 Demesne Road, Wallington, England. As a ten year old Beck sang in a church choir. As aGeoffrey Arnold "Jeff" Beck (born 24 June 1944) is an English rock guitarist. He is one teenager he learned to play a borrowed guitarof three noted guitarists to have played with The Yardbirds (Eric Clapton and Jimmy and made several attempts to build his ownPage are the other two). Beck also formed The Jeff Beck Group and Beck, Bogert & instrument, first by gluing and bolting togetherAppice. cigar boxes for the body and an unsanded fence- post for the neck with model aircraft control-Much of Becks recorded output has been instrumental, with a focus on innovative lines and frets simply painted on. Whensound and his releases have spanned genres ranging from blues-rock, heavy metal, jazz fabricating a neck for his next try he attemptedfusion and an additional blend of guitar-rock and electronica. Although he recorded to use measurements for a bass guitar.two hit albums (in 1975 and 1976) as a solo act, Beck has not established or maintained Beck has cited Les Paul as the first electric guitar [6]the sustained commercial success of many of his contemporaries and bandmates.[1][2] player who impressed him. Beck has said that he first heard an electric guitar when he was sixBeck appears on albums by Mick Jagger, Kate Bush, Roger Waters, Donovan, Stevie years old and heard Paul playing "How High theWonder, Les Paul, Zucchero, Cyndi Lauper, Brian May and ZZ Top. In 1988, he made a Moon" on the radio. He asked his mother what itcameo appearance in the movie Twins. was and after she replied it was an electric guitarHe was ranked 5th in Rolling Stones list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[3] and was all tricks, he said, "Thats for me".[7] Cliffand the magazine has described him as "one of the most influential lead guitarists in Gallup, lead guitarist with Gene Vincent and therock".[4] MSNBC has called him a "guitarists guitarist".[1] Beck has earned wide critical Blue Caps was also an early musical influence, followed by B.B. King and Stevepraise and received the Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance six Cropper.[8]times and Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance once. He has been Upon leaving school he attended Wimbledoninducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice: as a member of The Yardbirds College of Art, after which he was briefly(1992) and as a solo artist (2009). [5] employed as a painter and decorator, a groundsman on a golf course and a car paint- sprayer. Becks sister Annetta introduced him to Jimmy Page when both were teenagers.
  74. 74. Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE, (born 30 March 1945) is an English guitarist and singer-songwriter.Clapton is the only three-time inductee to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame: once as a solo artist, andseparately as a member of The Yardbirds and Cream. Clapton has been referred to as one of themost important and influential guitarists of all time.[2] Clapton ranked second in Rolling Stonemagazines list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time" and fourth in Gibsons Top 50 Guitarists ofAll Time.In the mid 1960s, Clapton departed from the Yardbirds to play blues with John Mayall & theBluesbreakers. In his one-year stay with Mayall, Clapton gained the nickname "Slowhand".Immediately after leaving Mayall, Clapton formed Cream, a power trio with drummer Ginger Bakerand bassist Jack Bruce in which Clapton played sustained blues improvisations and "arty, blues-based psychedelic pop." For most of the 1970s, Claptons output bore the influence of the mellowstyle of J.J. Cale and the reggae of Bob Marley. His version of Marleys "I Shot the Sheriff" helpedreggae reach a mass market.[3] Two of his most popular recordings were "Layla", recorded by Derekand the Dominos, another band he formed and Robert Johnsons "Crossroads", recorded by Cream.A recipient of seventeen Grammy Awards,[4] in 2004 Clapton was awarded a CBE for services tomusic.[5] In 1998, Clapton, a recovering alcoholic and drug addict, founded the Crossroads Centre onAntigua, a medical facility for recovering substance abusers.[6]
  75. 75.  ZZ Top is an American rock band from Houston, Texas. Formed in 1969, the group consists of Billy Gibbons (guitar and vocals), Dusty Hill (bass and vocals), and Frank Beard (drums and percussion). ZZ Tops early sound was rooted in blues but eventually grew to exhibit contemporary influences. Throughout their career they have maintained a sound based on Hills and Beards rhythm section support, accentuated by Gibbons guitar and vocal style. Their lyrics often gave evidence of bands humor and thematically focus on personal experiences and sexual innuendos. ZZ Top formed its initial lineup in 1969, consisting of Anthony Barajas (bass and keyboards) and Peter Perez (drums and percussion). After several incarnations, Hill and Beard joined within the following year. Molded into a professional act by manager Bill Ham, they were subsequently signed to London Records and released their debut album. They were successful as live performers, becoming known to fans as "that little ol band from Texas", and their 1973 album Tres Hombres, according to Allmusic, propelled the band to national attention and "made them stars". In 1979, after returning from a one-and-a-half year break of touring, the group reinvented themselves with their 1983 hit album Eliminator and the accompanying tour. ZZ Top incorporated New Wave and punk influences into their sound and performances, and embraced a more iconic image, with Gibbons and Hill sporting chest-length beards and sunglasses. Similar experimentation continued for the remainder of the 1980s and 1990s with varying levels of success. On ZZ Tops 2003 album Mescalero, they adopted a more contemporary sound while maintaining their influences from their earlier musical pursuits. Maintaining the same members for over forty years, ZZ Top has released 14 studio albums and are among the most popular rock groups, having sold more than 25 million albums in the United States. They have won three VMAs, and in 2004, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. VH1 ranked ZZ Top at number 44 in its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock". They have performed at many charity events and raised $1 million for the Delta Blues Museum in Clarksdale, Mississippi. ZZ Top formed in Houston on June 20, 1969.[1] Billy Gibbons, who previously formed the Moving Sidewalks in 1966, had suggested "ZZ King" as a potential name for the band after looking at posters of Z. Z. Hill and B.B. King on his apartment wall. According to Gibbons autobiography Rock + Roll Gearhead, he settled on "ZZ Top" because B.B. King was "on the top". Consisting of Lanier Greig on keyboards and Moving Sidewalks drummer Dan Mitchell, the group was signed to London Records by manager Bill Ham, and released two singles—"Salt Lick" and "Millers Farm".[2] Soon after, Greig and Mitchell left the group and were replaced by Billy Etheridge and Frank Beard, though Etheridge quit the band in January 1970, and was subsequently replaced by Michael "Cadillac" Johnson; he was replaced by Dusty Hill in the following month: For the record, I was not fired from ZZ Top for being a bad influence on Frank Beard. I had received a call from my two old buddies Jimmie Vaughan and Doyle Bramhall about coming back to Dallas to play the blues with my homeboys. After talking to them, I quit the band. I did this just before the band signed with London Records. I didn’t want to be tied down to a contract with that particular band at that point in time. I have only the utmost respect for Billy, Frank, and Dusty. —Billy Etheridge, [3] The finalized lineup of ZZ Top performed their first show on February 10, 1970 in Beaumont, Texas.[4] The groups debut album, ZZ Tops First Album, was released in January 1971; the single, "(Somebody Else Been) Shakin Your Tree", peaked at number 50 on the Billboard Hot 100. Despite being unpolished, the album established the bands sound and attitude, as Allmusics Stephen Thomas Erlewine noted that its filled with "fuzzy guitars, barrelhouse rhythms, dirty jokes, and Texan slang".[5]