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Lecture, 1990-2000

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Lecture, 1990-2000

  1. 1. Damian Hirst, For the Love of God, 2007 Contemporary Issues 1990 - 2000
  2. 2. Historical Revisionism & Traditional Art Forms • Intentional historicism • Return to traditional art forms • Revisionist approach (identity politics, questioning tenets of modernism) Sir Godfrey Kneller, Portrait of Major General Joseph Sabine, ca. 1700 Yinka Shonibare Untitled 1997
  3. 3. Institutional Critique & Art as Ethnography Fred Wilson, Mining the Museum, 1992, Museum of Contemporary Art, Baltimore Renee Green, Seen, 1990, installation
  4. 4. Regression and Abjection Mike Kelley, Dialogue #1, 1991, installation Paul McCarthy, Tomato Heads, 1994
  5. 5. Word Presentations • Interdisciplinarity • Stereotypical grotesque
  6. 6. Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Billboard of Bed, 2012 (MoMa exhibition), based on 1992 installation
  7. 7. Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Billboard of Bed, 2012 (MoMa exhibition), based on 1992 installation Felix Gonzalez-Torres • Installation & print work • “Queering” of conceptual art and feminist art strategies of 60s and 70s • Draws on multiple strategies (Minimalism, Postminimalism (“stacks”), Pop, Photoconceptualism, etc.) • Requires viewer participation • Active with more outspoken “agitprop” art (=agitation + propaganda) collectives (e.g. Group Material) • AIDS awareness, gay inclusivity Felix Gonzalez-Torres Untitled (Strange Bird) 1993 prints
  8. 8. Felix Gonzales-Torres, Untitled (Portrait of Ross in L.A.), 1991, candies
  9. 9. “And that is one thing that bugs me about artists who are doing so-called gay art and their limitation of what they consider as an object of desire for gay men. When I had a show at the Hirshhorn, Senator Stevens, who is one of the most homophobic anti-art senators, said he was going to come to the opening and I thought he's going to have a really hard time explaining to his constituency how pornographic and how homoerotic two clocks side-by side are…We have to restructure our strategies and realize that the red banner with the red raised fist didn't work in the sixties and it's not going to work now. I don't want to be the enemy anymore. The enemy is too easy to dismiss and to attack. The thing that I want to do sometimes with some of these pieces about homosexual desire is to be more inclusive. Every time they see a clock or a stack of paper or a curtain, I want them to think twice.” Felix Gonzalez-Torres in a 1995 interview with Robert Storr
  10. 10. Mark Dion, Flotsam and Jetsam (The End of the Game, 1994, mixed-media
  11. 11. Mark Dion Mark Dion, Flotsam and Jetsam (The End of the Game, 1994, mixed-media • Interdisciplinarity & ethnography • Collector of curiosities & detritus (artist as curator) • Site-specific, often unfinished installations • How we understand nature through display • How this display communicates ideological positions • Over production of goods and waste • Flotsam & jetsam = ship’s wreckage, discarded & unwanted goods I am pessimistic and can only imagine the world hurtling toward disaster and becoming a place of less wonder, less diversity (biological and cultural) and greater inequality and conformity. I am not the artist to turn to for answers about how to fix things. I am the guy you call when you want to know how bad things are and how we got here. That’s my job, to chronicle disaster. -Dion, DIS magazine interview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-Nzo0foijI
  12. 12. Rachel Whiteread, House, 1993, internal casting in concrete of 193 Grove Rd., Bow, east London (destroyed)
  13. 13. Rachel Whiteread, House, 1993, internal casting in concrete of 193 Grove Rd., Bow, east London (destroyed) Rachel Whiteread • One of group of British female artists • Engaging strategies of 60s and 70s (conceptual art, Minimalism, Postminimalism, site-specific art) • “Expanded field” (Krauss) • Geometric simplicity, ephemerality • Applied psychological and subjective content (absence and loss, the body, death) • One of series of negative casts of objects associated with the home (bathtub, a bed) • Cast in rubber, resin, plaster, concrete • House – cast of negative space (minus roof) in working-class area of London, previous house scheduled for demolition • Stood for a few months, then demolished amidst controversy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Rx_V7OnHeA
  14. 14. Gordon Matta-Clark, Splitting, 1974 Haacke, Shapolsky et al Manhattan Real Estate Holdings, a Real-Time Social System, as of May 1, 1971
  15. 15. Race and its Representation • Shifting notions of the politics of identity • From essentialist and positive notions of identity (blackness, femininity, etc) to identity as a social construction • Complicates identity so that it cannot be easily categorized or stereotyped • Uses critique of documentary forms of racial representation, personal testimonies, ambiguous narratives, past art forms • Photo-conceptualism Adrian Piper, from The Mythic Being series 1972-76
  16. 16. Portraits of Family Life Carrie Mae Weems, from the Kitchen Table Series, 1990
  17. 17. Carrie Mae Weems Carrie Mae Weems, from the Kitchen Table Series, 1990 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pPDInpNoO50 • Photoconceptualism • Inspired by early African-American photography & Harlem Renaissance • African-American identity (photoarchivist of contemporary black family life) • Critique of gender roles in the home (“spaces of domesticity”) • Single view, two or more figures seated under brightly lit kitchen table • Accompanied by text in third-person voice
  18. 18. Portraits of Community Roy DeCarava, from The Sweet Flypaper of Life, 1955
  19. 19. Subversive Beauty: Troubling Typologies of Black Identity Lorna Simpson, Waterbearer, 1986 Vermeer, Young Woman with a Water Jug, 1665 Ellen Gallagher, Mr. Terrific from the DeLuxe series, 2005
  20. 20. The Abject Body Kiki Smith, Blood Pool, 1992, painted bronze
  21. 21. Kiki Smith https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5cVn6YzOuGE • Trauma and the abject body (mother and child) • Childhood fantasies & fears • The death drive • Malformed female child in fetal position, covered in blood • Continuation of AIDS crisis, debates over identity politics Kiki Smith, Blood Pool, 1992, painted bronze “Materials are sexy things…that either have life or death in them” -Kiki Smith
  22. 22. Disegno (Drawing) vs. Colorito (Color) Michelangelo, Madonna and Child Giorgione, The Tempest
  23. 23. The Odalisque: Challenging Disegno Ingres Delacroix Matisse Renoir
  24. 24. The Matrix (grid): Abstracting the Object The Grapheme: Abstracting the Subject Drawing in the 20th Century Erasure: Abstracting Time Mondrian Pollock Kentridge
  25. 25. Drawing & Time: From Deskilling to Re-skilling • Short film of animated charcoal drawings using erasure and stop-shoot technique • Felix in Exile (1994) one of many “drawings for projection” • Recurring characters & love triangle among Soho Ekstein (a mine-owner/ capitalist), Felix Teitelbaum (an artist/self-portrait?), Mrs. Ekstein (wife of Ekstein) • Setting is Paris hotel room, Felix gazing into mirror at Nandi, a South African surveyor, looking back at him • The gaze • Apartheid ended in 1994 William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
  26. 26. William Kentridge, from Felix in Exile, 1994
  27. 27. William Kentridge Felix in Exile 1994 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaTnchoukdY
  28. 28. Palimpsest • Linear overlay of forms • Ancient process • Allegory of memory, time, history • Kentridge’s work a meditation on the fate of handicraft? • Drawing as obsolete among new technologies Ruffignac cave drawings ca. 14,000 BCE Robert Rauschenberg Erased de Kooning 1953

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