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Immigrants & International Students
Immigrants: Basic Overview
2
 The total ‘foreign-born’ population of the US is
over 40 million (13% of the total populati...
3
4
5
6
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 84.6% speak a language other than English at
home.
 More than half only speak English at home, or speak
another langu...
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 About 2/3 have a high school education or higher
 The labor force participation rate is higher for
foreign born than...
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 Total number of undocumented workers in the U.S. is
estimated at 11.1 million
 The number of unauthorized immigrants...
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Trends in Undocumented Immigration
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 Estimated that 58% of all undocumented workers
come from Mexico
 Estimated 1 mill...
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Use of Public Libraries
 Range of use by country of origin - some more likely to use
the library than others
 Low use...
19
Information Needs
New Immigrants:
 Jobs
 Housing
 Literacy/ESL
 Citizenship
More established
 Needs blend with n...
20
Level of education is repeatedly found to
be the strongly correlated with library use
Direct linear relationship betw...
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 For reference persons with less than a high school
education, 16.1% of households used the library in the
past month....
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Education & Library Use
Lowest education rates:
 60.0% of adults from Central America or Mexico
completed less than h...
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• Highest education rates: 80.2% of adults from
South Asia had completed at least some
college.
• 70.9% of adults from ...
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Education & Library Use
Variations
• At lowest education levels, immigrants from
South America, Southeast Asia, Central...
25
International Students:
Basic Overview
• 565,321 international students in the U.S.
• International students represent ...
26
• Majority of international students come from Asia
(58%)
• Followed by Europe (13%), Latin America (12%),
Africa (6%),...
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Overview
 Majority of international students come from Asia
(58%)
 Followed by Europe (13%), Latin America (12%),Afri...
28
Overview
 Three fields of study account for 44% of enrollment:
 Business/Management (18%)
 Engineering (17%)
 Math/...
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Challenges for International Students
• Language barriers
• Culture Shock
• Social Barriers
• Academic Difficulties
• F...
30
References
 American Fact Finder
 http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml
?pid=...
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Overview
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Immigrants &
International
Students
Presentation Title | Department Name
Laura – talking head video
Immigrants: Basic Overview
Presentation Title | Department Name
Checkpoint Question
• Fkdaljfdkl;
• Dafjkda;fj
• Djfkld;ajf
• Pick C
40
Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template
Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template
Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template
Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template
Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template
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Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template

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Week 8 immigrants and international students draft new template

  1. 1. Immigrants & International Students
  2. 2. Immigrants: Basic Overview 2  The total ‘foreign-born’ population of the US is over 40 million (13% of the total population)  45.8% are naturalized citizens  In 2012 over 1 million people obtained permanent resident status  Foreign born households are more likely to be family households, to have children, and to be multi-generational
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  8. 8. 8  84.6% speak a language other than English at home.  More than half only speak English at home, or speak another language and speak English “very well”  50.1% say they speak English “less than well.”  18.4% of immigrant families live at or below the poverty line  66.9% of adults age 16+ are in the labor force.  5.7% are unemployed  33.1% are not in the labor force Basic Overview
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  10. 10. 10  About 2/3 have a high school education or higher  The labor force participation rate is higher for foreign born than it is for natives.  Of foreign born adults (age 16+), 68% participate in the labor force, as opposed to 64% of native born  Median income of foreign born is lower, regardless of household type  The poverty rate is higher for foreign born Basic Overview
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  15. 15. 15  Total number of undocumented workers in the U.S. is estimated at 11.1 million  The number of unauthorized immigrants living in the U.S. also grew during the last decade  8.4 million in 2000 to 11.1 million in 2011.  Peaked at 12 million in 2007  Fell to 11.1 million in 2009. It has remained at that level through 2011, the last year for which an estimate is available  Undocumented workers represent about 3.5% of the total population Basic Overview: Undocumented Workers
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Trends in Undocumented Immigration 17  Estimated that 58% of all undocumented workers come from Mexico  Estimated 1 million unauthorized children under the age of 18  4.5 million U.S.-born children with unauthorized parents  2/3 have lived in the U.S. for at least a decade  Nearly half are parents of minors  Undocumented workers make up 25% of farm workers (not including temporary workers)
  18. 18. 18 Use of Public Libraries  Range of use by country of origin - some more likely to use the library than others  Low use: European, Central American or Mexican, Canadian or NorthAmerican, Caribbean, East European, Middle Eastern  Middle use: African, U.S. native-born, East Asian  High use: South Asian, Southeast Asian, South American  Date of entry also varied, e.g. European immigrants have generally resided in the US longer
  19. 19. 19 Information Needs New Immigrants:  Jobs  Housing  Literacy/ESL  Citizenship More established  Needs blend with native-born
  20. 20. 20 Level of education is repeatedly found to be the strongly correlated with library use Direct linear relationship between education and use: Education & Library Use
  21. 21. 21  For reference persons with less than a high school education, 16.1% of households used the library in the past month.  For reference persons with a high school diploma or GED, 24.2%.  For reference persons with some college or an associate’s degree, 33.9%.  For reference persons with a bachelor’s degree, 41.2%.  For reference persons with a graduate degree, 46.0%. Education & Library Use The Relationship between Education and Use
  22. 22. 22 Education & Library Use Lowest education rates:  60.0% of adults from Central America or Mexico completed less than high school education.  31.4% of adults from the Caribbean completed less than high school education.  20.2% or fewer adults from all other geographic groups completed less than high school
  23. 23. 23 • Highest education rates: 80.2% of adults from South Asia had completed at least some college. • 70.9% of adults from Africa had completed at least some college. • 50% of adults from all other groups except Central America or Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America had completed at least some college. Education & Library Use
  24. 24. 24 Education & Library Use Variations • At lowest education levels, immigrants from South America, Southeast Asia, Central America or Mexico are much more likely to use public libraries than counterparts from other countries at same education levels.
  25. 25. 25 International Students: Basic Overview • 565,321 international students in the U.S. • International students represent only 4% of the higher education population of 16 million • 48% enrolled in grad programs and 44% in undergrad • Represent a higher percentage of the population in science and technology fields • U.S. Dept of State ranks international education as 5th largest service sector export; contributes $13 billion to economy
  26. 26. 26 • Majority of international students come from Asia (58%) • Followed by Europe (13%), Latin America (12%), Africa (6%), the Middle East (6%) and North America (5%) • Largest percentage come from India, followed by China, Korea, Japan, and then Canada • Most students are interested in enhancing their career opportunities, as well as having new experiences, getting a broader education Overview
  27. 27. 27 Overview  Majority of international students come from Asia (58%)  Followed by Europe (13%), Latin America (12%),Africa (6%), the Middle East (6%) and North America (5%)  Largest percentage come from India, followed by China, Korea, Japan, and then Canada  Most students are interested in enhancing their career opportunities, as well as having new experiences, getting a broader education
  28. 28. 28 Overview  Three fields of study account for 44% of enrollment:  Business/Management (18%)  Engineering (17%)  Math/Computer Science (9%)  California hosts the most students, followed by:  NewYork  Texas  Massachusetts  Florida
  29. 29. 29 Challenges for International Students • Language barriers • Culture Shock • Social Barriers • Academic Difficulties • Financial Pressures
  30. 30. 30 References  American Fact Finder  http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml ?pid=ACS_12_1YR_DP02&prodType=table  Census News Room  https://www.census.gov/newsroom/pdf/cspan_fb_slides.pdf  Pew Research Center  http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/01/29/a-nation-of-immigrants/  International Students in the United States  http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Publications-and-Reports/IIE- Bookstore/International-Students-in-the-United-States  Challenges for International Students  http://plaza.ufl.edu/ffgao/mmc5015/final/academic.html  International Student Handbook University of FL  http://www.ufic.ufl.edu/ISS/handbook.html
  31. 31. 31 Overview
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  33. 33. Immigrants & International Students
  34. 34. Presentation Title | Department Name Laura – talking head video Immigrants: Basic Overview
  35. 35. Presentation Title | Department Name Checkpoint Question • Fkdaljfdkl; • Dafjkda;fj • Djfkld;ajf • Pick C 40

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