Women's security


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A slide show about article called Discourses in Transition:
Re-Imagining Women’s Security.

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Women's security

  1. 1. I R L 5 0 6 3 P E A C E K E E P I N G A N D P E A C E B U I L D I N G 1 2 . 3 . 2 0 1 4 L A U R A K U I V A L A H T I Discourses in Transition: Re-Imagining Women’s Security
  2. 2. About the paper  The primary data: women in post-conflict societies (Lebanon, Northern Ireland and South Africa)  How a gendered security approach might empower women to re-imagine security and advocate social transformation.
  3. 3. Gendered security approach  Non-traditional approach which centralises gender and women’s voices within security dialogue.  Human security has also dealt with problems of women’s security.  UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security  The human security approach isn’t always the solution to these problems.
  4. 4. Gendered security approach  Mainstreaming of gender within human security.  “Engender” security: make gender a leitmotif which cross-cuts the range of security concerns relevant today.  The security needs of women are best determined by women themselves rather than by elite.
  5. 5. So what did we learn?  Women think different things when they are re- imagining security.  Women see security as a holistic concept.  Their efforts are often confined to civil society. Women are marginalised from the institutions of peace-building.
  6. 6. Key aspects of women’s security in transition  Genderen security approach found three key areas.  There is still lot of work to do in these areas.  Women should be “doing” security in all levels.
  7. 7. Economic security  Economic security ensures women’s independence.  It correlates with physical security.  E. g. micro loans for women to start their own business.
  8. 8. Violence and security  Women feel that they need to combat gender-related violence.  We need transformation in laws and in ways of thinking.  E. g. campaigns against female genital mutilation, WHO against violence.
  9. 9. Women, governance and security  Women’s equal participation at all level of political engagement.  It changes gender roles, so some people see it as a threat to the existing political culture.
  10. 10. Problems  Is there really a homogenous group of women and can they say what is women’s security?  The thoughts are similar to the first and second waves of feminism.  What about other minorities?