Jason And The Golden Fleece


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Jason And The Golden Fleece

  1. 1. Jason and the Golden Fleece How Ancient Greek Mythology Affected Culture Laura Kaplan By: Padraic Colum
  2. 2. The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles
  3. 3. <ul><li>Greek mythology, summarized in The Golden Fleece and the Heroes Who Lived before Achilles, was unknowingly the birth of humanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Even today it causes us to challenge the world around us in order to constantly improve our political, social, and economic surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>The values and traditions encouraged by these stories have been inspiration for some of the most major revolutions and world changes. </li></ul>Thesis
  4. 4. And marks the start of the 1800s, when western representative democracies began to bloom. Jason is a prince from Classical Mythology. In order to become king he has to get The Golden Fleece from a ram. Made in 1803 This sculpture marked the reestablishment of the belief in the free man. Thorvaldsen, Bertel. Jason With The Golden Fleece . Digital image. Web Gallery of Art . Web Gallery of Art. Web. 1 June 2010. <http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/t/thorvald/jason.html>. Bertel Thorvaldsen - Jason With The Golden Fleece
  5. 5. Book Summary <ul><li>“ Thou art Pelias, but I do not salute thee as king. Know that I am Jason, the son of AEson from whom thou hast taken the throne and scepter that were rightfully his” (Colum, 12). </li></ul><ul><li>Guarded by king AEtes, acquiring the Golden Fleece is one of the most difficult challenges in Greek mythology. </li></ul><ul><li>He recruits the Argonauts (some of most famous Greek heroes: Hercules, Orpheus…) </li></ul><ul><li>They go on an EXTREMELY long journey with an EXTREMELY long description of it that I won’t get into now. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What’s Important <ul><li>Not the text its self, but rather the ideas and beliefs presented by the tales of these heroes. </li></ul>  Farnese Atlas . Digital image. GALILEO - Images of the Universe from Antiquity to the Telescope . IMSS. Web. 1 June 2010. <http://vitruvio.imss.fi.it/foto/galileopalazzostrozzi/41107_450.jpg>. Romans were heavily influenced by Greek humanistic beliefs.  Roman sculpture of man supporting the world.
  7. 7. Why? <ul><li>These ideas and beliefs reflect a concept that we have not yet discussed in World Lit. Humanism. </li></ul><ul><li>A “humanist” is a believer is what Singe 'n' Burn's would call a renaissance man. </li></ul><ul><li>According to Fred Edwords, recipient of the Humanist Pioneer Award, the “the Secular Humanist tradition is in part a tradition of defiance. “ </li></ul>
  8. 8. What’s Important <ul><li>Struggles and triumphs of all heroes in general. </li></ul>This sculpture is called Theseus Slaying the Minotaur. Done by French artist Antoine-Louis Barye in 1841 Barye, Antoine L. Theseus Slaying the Minotaur . Digital image. Lib-art . Lib-art. Web. 1 June 2010. <http://www.lib-art.com/artgallery/4547-theseus-slaying-the-minotaur-antoine-louis-barye.html>.
  9. 9. Why? <ul><li>Each hero encounters a challenge specific to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus and the minotaur. </li></ul><ul><li>When they overcome a challenge they are described with god-like status. </li></ul><ul><li>When he defeats the best Crete wrestler: </li></ul><ul><li> “… beside the slender, dark-haired people of Crete he looked like one of the gods” (Colum, 209). </li></ul><ul><li>This suggests the belief that men can be gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus later became the king of Athens. He was credited with moving the government to a democratic style of governing. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What’s Important <ul><li>The reoccurring trend of fighting with, against, and for the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Even gods can be faulty. </li></ul>In Cupid Chastised, Mars, the god of war, beats Cupid for having caused his affair with Venus By Bartolomeo Manfredi Manfredi, Bartolomeo. Cupid Chastised . Digital image. 25 Masterworks at the Art Institute of Chicago . Web. 1 June 2010. <http://cgim.dbq.edu/cgim/chicago/E09186.jpg>.
  11. 11. Why? <ul><li>Hercules v.s. Zeus for Prometheus </li></ul><ul><li>Prometheus was admired by ancient Greeks as the one who defied Zeus. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Prometheus, who was called the Foreseer—could not consent to the race of men being destroyed utterly” (Colum 12) . He teaches a man and woman to build a boat so humans can survive Zeus's great flood. </li></ul><ul><li>Later gave fire to mortals. </li></ul><ul><li>Hercules rescues him despite going against his father Zeus. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Griepenkerl, Christian. Prometheus Being Rescued by Hercules . Digital image. The Hellenic Society Prometheas . The Hellenic Society Prometheas. Web. 1 June 2010. <http://www.prometheas.org/Images/prometheus_hercules.jpg>. Fusili, Henry. Prometheus . Digital image. The Hellenic Society Prometheas . The Hellenic Society Prometheas. Web. 1 June 2010. <http://www.prometheas.org/Images/prometheus_large.jpg>.
  13. 13. Relation To Humanism <ul><li>My summary of humanism is the empowerment of mankind so we are encouraged to invent improvements to our quality of life despite the intentions of any god or other force. </li></ul><ul><li>This belief is first started by Greek’s beliefs of becoming gods, challenging gods, surviving god’s punishments, and triumph despite mortal limitations. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Relation To Humanism Cont. <ul><li>“ When we deflect lightening or evacuate a town before a tornado strikes, we lessen the effects of so called &quot;acts of God.&quot; When we land on the Moon we defy the Earth's gravitational pull. When we seek a solution to the AIDS crisis, we, according to Jerry Falwell, thwart ‘God's punishment of homosexuals’” (Edwords) </li></ul>Edwords, Frederick. &quot;What Is Humanism?&quot; American Humanist Association . American Humanist Association, 2008. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.americanhumanist.org/who_we_are/about_humanism/What_is_Humanism>.
  15. 15. Relation To Humanism Cont. <ul><li>Tertullian: &quot;What has Jerusalem to do with Athens?&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Root of humanism was identified with the rationalism in ancient Athens more so than in ancient Jerusalem which reflected faith. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because of the beliefs presented by Socrates and ancient Greek mythology which fed the Romans. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Relation To Humanism Cont. <ul><li>Roman culture had a larger influence on the British than any other ancient culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Our cultural roots extend mainly to the British, and so, it all leads back to Greek philosophies embodied by the Romans. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Humanism’s Influence <ul><li>Roman and Greek culture was the main inspiration for the rennissance. (revolution for man, against the corruption of the church). </li></ul><ul><li>Defiance of religion & secular authority led to: </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental protection. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Today <ul><li>We see the conflict between religion and state. Science vs. faith. </li></ul><ul><li>Today there is a ‘loss of faith’ comparative to other ages. </li></ul><ul><li>But the lessened popularity of the church lead to women’s rights, steps towards universal health care, and rights for homosexuals. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Today <ul><li>This does not mean the church is a negative force in our world. </li></ul><ul><li>It simply shows the return to Greek philosophy of success for mankind despite the intentions of any god. </li></ul>