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Securing Environmental Protection and Peace in the Nigeria's Niger Delta


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Securing Environmental Protection and Peace in the Nigeria's Niger Delta

  1. 1. SECURING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND PEACE IN THE NIGERIA’S NIGER DELTA Collective effort including the private sector, the government, and the citizens This essay intends outlining the necessity of building private-public partnerships (PPPs) to ensure good governance and social accountability in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta which has abundant natural resources but has been mired in conflict and violence. Author: Laura Gagliardone Conceptualized in 2012 and reviewed in 2014
  2. 2. SECURING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND PEACE IN THE NIGERIA’S NIGER DELTA COLLECTIVE EFFORT INCLUDING THE PRIVATE SECTOR, THE GOVERNMENT, AND THE CITIZENS Author: Laura Gagliardone The Nigeria’s oil reach Niger Delta has abundant natural resources but has been mired in conflict and violence that have threatened human security, the environment, and the national economy. The causes of environmental damage start with imprudent business priorities that favor production over environmental protection. These trickle down into the communities, where regulatory disregard combines with illegal oil tapping and misguided actions by poor villagers to worsen their already precarious surroundings. The solution is a collective effort including the private sector, the government and the citizen. Their collaboration develops capacity building and increases knowledge sharing on best practices to preserve both human security and environment. Corporate managers of national and international businesses, through working with the government in setting stronger guidelines for environmental impact assessment, augment responsibility towards health, safety, and environmental issues. At the same time, the civil society raises awareness and accountability enhancing communities’ participation and education. Best Practices… RECYCLED PLASTIC BOTTLES INTO HOUSING In Kaduna State, the first bottle house has been constructed from recycled plastic bottles and mud. The three room structure is sturdy and can stand for thousands of years turning the dangerous waste out of the plastic bottles in something useful to prevent pollution, erosion, irrigation blockages and health problems. In addition, the bottle house is solar powered with a fuel efficient clean cookstove, urine filtration fertilization systems and water purification tanks. Fig 1. Nigeria recycles plastic bottles, into housing! Making the pillars Fig 2. Bottle walls and pillars go up
  3. 3. GREEN FASHION WEEK 2011 In 2011, The Nigeria Fashion Week has been green with the purpose to join the world in protecting the environment. All designers have been called to create their collection with recycled materials and without normal fabrics and accessories. Creativity, ideas and beauty have been utilized to raise climate change and environmental protection awareness. This initiative exemplifies how the private sector, the international developmental organizations and the civil society can work together to address global issues and make this world a better place for everybody! Fig 3. The foundation in place and the bottle walls begin Fig 4. Nigeria Fashion Week 2011 going green. STEPS TO PEACE AND PROSPERITY Over the past years, developmental organizations, private sector and civil society have pushed the peacekeeping process in the country through undertaking various actions, such as:  Consultation with all stakeholders on the broad regional development framework in order to engage participation and dialogue;  Expansion of capacity and confidence of communities to create their own futures by engaging them in the planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of local projects;  Improvement of the access to basic health, education and safe water supplies;  Promotion of small and large business solutions for development;  Creation of training and employment opportunities for youth as solution to militancy and illegal activities;  Action against corruption through improved government systems and strengthened institutional capacity building;  Promotion of peaceful conflict resolution mechanisms through both traditional and non-traditional systems. There is room for improvement regarding:  Acceleration of the policies to increase on-the-job trainings and employment opportunities matching demand and offer;  Augment of local ownership, manpower and management of infrastructure and other development projects;  Dialogue between oil and gas businesses and communities on best-practice corporate strategies;  Reconstruction of social capital damaged by conflicts and better coordination of peace-building operations;  Linkages between citizen monitoring and public reporting to public sector governance, environmental protection and development.