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Running head: TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 1
Technology in Crime Fighting
Latoya Moncrieffe
Research & Study Skills (S101)...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 2
Table of Contents
Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………………3
Content……………………………………………………...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 3
Abstract
This paper explores three published articles that report on findings from research...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 4
Technology in Crime Fighting
When entering the new millennium, mankind and society seemed m...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 5
incorporated directly into the record of the related call. They also can be forwarded to em...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 6
equipments that police and other law enforcement agencies use. Therefore, it is very impera...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 7
As published in her article, (Lounello, n.d.). mentioned another method used to combat the
...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 8
Conclusion
Crime and criminal behavior has changed over the past decades. The threat of ter...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 9
References
Horton, J. (n.d). Wireless crime fighting: Cell phones, cameras and GPS.
Retriev...
TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 10
Appendix
Wireless Cameras Cell Phones
Computer
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Technology in crime fighting (project)

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Technology in crime fighting (project)

  1. 1. Running head: TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 1 Technology in Crime Fighting Latoya Moncrieffe Research & Study Skills (S101) Dr. Wade Marr January 24, 2010
  2. 2. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 2 Table of Contents Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Content………………………………………………………………………………………………..4 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………………8 References……………………………………………………………………………………………9 Appendices……………………………………………………………………………………….....10
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 3 Abstract This paper explores three published articles that report on findings from research conducted on the different technologies used in crime fighting. All articles emphasised the effectiveness and efficiency of modern crime fighting technology compared to fighting measures used in past decades. The study of computer forensics and the use of wireless technology has quickly emerged, helping law enforcement agencies in their daily duties. In Horton, J. article, she explores how cell phones, cameras and GPS impact crime fighting. In an influential article, Lounello, N. states that with DNA testing, many criminals are caught and in addition, many wrongfully convict’s names are cleared. Shadow, M. (2008) indicated that with fingerprinting technology, suspect’s fingerprints can be swiftly compared on a database in regards to a crime scene. Many public and private companies are also using wireless technologies thus creating another area of technological jobs. As swiftly as the field and its importance are growing, many practitioners still remain unaware of computer forensics and its role in the technological world.
  4. 4. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 4 Technology in Crime Fighting When entering the new millennium, mankind and society seemed more focused on environmental, sociological and financial problems than on a terrorist attack as demonstrated with the events of September 11. The twentieth-century society was strongly influenced by the shock of the introduction of new inventions. Communication, the media, cinema and television caused global events to become the concern of the entire world's population. As time changes, the array of crimes and criminals also change. Criminal justice professionals will come across huge challenges while experiencing marked changes in the future. Explosive growth in the computer industry over the last decade has made new technologies cheaper and simpler for the average person to own. The use of technology in crime fighting has become an advanced method of tracking down criminals in order to solve crimes. It has proven to be more precise and efficient than strategies used in past decades. Despite such enthusiasm, there are still room for improvements. Discussion More than half of the 741 million cell phones in the world are equipped with some type of photo capability. Not only do these photos preserve memories, they help fight crimes. Horton, J. in her article stated that, “Police in London used cell phone images to find the terrorists behind the 2005 bombings”. In other cases of crimes such as kidnapping or robbery, cell phones can also be used to take pictures of license plates or possibly the kidnapper. In a situation where there is a crime in progress and you are within close proximity, these special cell phones can be used to video criminal acts and then sent to 911 call centers. A new technology allows the sent images to be
  5. 5. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 5 incorporated directly into the record of the related call. They also can be forwarded to emergency crews on their way to the crime scene. Linking the images with the specific call makes them easy to find later for use in an investigation. In an influential article, Horton, J. pointed out three different states (places) that installed wireless cameras and stated how this was lucrative: In Dallas, wireless cameras with motorized controls allow officers watching from a remote location to pan around and zoom in and out to look for information that could help to solve a crime. In Baltimore, officers can watch live feeds for suspicious activities, which have enabled them to catch several violent offenders in the act. On the West Coast, Los Angeles police reported a 32 percent reduction in crime after installing wireless cameras [source: Jones]. Video surveillance systems can help to deter crime, monitor suspicious activities, identify license plates and collect evidence (Horton, n.d.). Having closed circuit televisions (CCTVs) installed at all public places especially parks, streets, markets, etc can prove to be very helpful in preventing crimes. CCTVs could check and prevent bomb blasts and other terrorist activities. Although this could be considered a difficult task it is certainly not impossible. Another device that is found to be useful is the Global positioning system or what is mostly referred to as GPS. This tracking device will determine the positions or locations of a vehicle or a person to which it is attached. In addition, if an officer ever gets into trouble and can't radio his location back to base, the GPS will broadcast the officer's position, speed of travel and location. We must face the reality that the technological equipments used by different criminals are very advanced compared to the
  6. 6. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 6 equipments that police and other law enforcement agencies use. Therefore, it is very imperative to constantly improve on these technologies and strategies used to combat crimes. The deployment of DNA testing helps law enforcement officers to convert certain clues into evidence that can be use in a court of law. The criminal however are given the right to a fair trial but it is the job of the prosecutors to use this evidence to prove that these persons are guilty without a doubt. Otherwise, a guilty person could be set free. With the implementation of DNA testing, more persons have been freed (released from death row) after being accused wrongly. According to George E. Pataki, Governor of New York, the use of DNA by law enforcement in recent years have proven it’s extraordinary value in identifying criminals who, in the absence of this technology, would go free (Source: Lounello, N). Even though the old fashion way of crime fighting cannot be abandoned completely, advancements have been made in forensic science to capture criminals. Crimes can take place anywhere from the dawn of daylight to the middle of the night or from a crowded place to and isolated area. But whenever there is no witness, the only evidence that remain is the true witness of the crime. In her article, Lounello stated that: With the implementation of DNA testing, nearly 200 crimes have been solved and in more than 200 other cases, the national computer system was able to link DNA from a crime scene in one jurisdiction with DNA from a crime scene elsewhere. Even more shocking is nationwide, over the past decade, on the basis of DNA testing, 53 people have been released from death row, (47) after having been wrongly accused (Lounello, n.d.).
  7. 7. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 7 As published in her article, (Lounello, n.d.). mentioned another method used to combat the way crimes are committed. With the recent September 11th terrorist attacks, a face recognition device has been implemented. This new device will produce a photograph of each individual attempting to enter the aircraft and then search a database of known terrorists or criminals. In further support to this finding, Shadow, M. (2008) put forward another technology used to fight crime. Researchers have developed finger printing technologies that transmit prints from crime scene to a fingerprint bureau in a fraction of the typical four to twenty minutes.
  8. 8. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 8 Conclusion Crime and criminal behavior has changed over the past decades. The threat of terror is immediate and persistent. Globalization, propelled by advances in technology and transportation has made the world smaller for criminals and larger for state and local law enforcement. Today, time distance no longer impede criminal activities; the traditional reactive model of policing is ill- equipped to face the new realities. The post- 9/11 environment in the United States has increased demands for law enforcement to build global partnerships to work more closely with agencies at all levels of government to fight both crime and terrorism.
  9. 9. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 9 References Horton, J. (n.d). Wireless crime fighting: Cell phones, cameras and GPS. Retrieved January 20, 2010 from: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/wireless- technology-fight-crime.html Lounello, N. (n.d.). Technology: A crime-fighting tool. Retrieved January 20, 2010 from: http://albany.edu/~n13231/hypertext/index.html Shadow, M. (September 3, 2008). Fighting crimes and the need for technology. Retrieved January 23, 2010 from: http://socyberty.com/crime/fighting-crime-and-the-need- for-technology.html
  10. 10. TECHNOLOGY IN CRIME FIGHTING 10 Appendix Wireless Cameras Cell Phones Computer

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