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  1. 1. Describing changes <ul><li>We can use some verbs to describe upward ( ) and download( ) movements in price, quantity and amount. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Intransitive verbs (verbs which do not have an object) <ul><li>Increase rise go up </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease fall drop </li></ul><ul><li>go down decline </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The population of the world is increasing . </li></ul><ul><li>The prices of electronic goods have fallen . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Transitive verbs (verbs which have an object) <ul><li>Increase raise </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease reduce drop </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: The government has increased income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>We have reduced our prices by 10 per cent. </li></ul>
  4. 4. These corresponding nouns can also be used: <ul><li>an increase a rise a raise (US = increase in salary) </li></ul><ul><li>a decrease a fall a drop a decline </li></ul><ul><li>a reduction </li></ul>
  5. 5. Practice <ul><li>1. Last year was a good year for the company and our sales____ considerably. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The ____ in profits is the result of poor management. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The recent ____ in overseas investment has been good for the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The price of coffee has ____ as a result of the bad weather conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Because of high profits last year, the company has announced a salary ____ for all its employees. </li></ul>