School: Ing: Jorge L. Tamayo. Student Name: Larissa Janeth Martinez                Fiscal.Teacher: Brenda Yamel Zenteno Bu...
Dedication:I dedicate this work to my parents because they did the best to me to study in thisschool and my dependent only...
Justification:I made this work in order to make known Tehuacan as a magical and beautiful notonly for its scenery if not a...
PresentationThis paper presents the Tehuacán its location, geography, industries, historytehuacan meaning "place of Gods" ...
Location: Puebla in MexicoTehuacan in Puebla:                      5
Tehuacan and 5 regions:                                    Tehuacan:Tehuacán is the second largest city in the Mexican sta...
situation created a negative unemployment (zero unemployment) and the maquilassought workers as far away as Orizaba and Có...
Tehuacán glyph                             This is the currently accepted glyph city of Tehuacán.                         ...
and is holding the head up by its hair, the left hand is also in the picture and isgrasping an arc. In the midst of the fo...
Tehuacan soft drink industryThe existence of springs that have healing properties allowed Tehuacán wasrecognized as the fi...
considered to be the cradle of the bottling industry inTehuacán in 1901 as Mr. Joaquín Pitas first factory installedsame y...
Poultry industry:With a daily production, approximately, 45 thousand boxes of eggs, Tehuacán isthe second national poultry...
Typical Food Tehuacan:                                  PAN of DONKEYWater bread or white bread (pan de burro, represents ...
Mash well the brown sugar and dissolved in water.Mix the flour, egg, brown sugar dissolved in water and a teaspoon of salt...
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Tehuacan

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Tehuacan

  1. 1. School: Ing: Jorge L. Tamayo. Student Name: Larissa Janeth Martinez Fiscal.Teacher: Brenda Yamel Zenteno Buitron. Grade and Group: 3° “A” Morning. “Tehuacan” 1
  2. 2. Dedication:I dedicate this work to my parents because they did the best to me to study in thisschool and my dependent only I succeed and they also make me to be a betterperson every day. 2
  3. 3. Justification:I made this work in order to make known Tehuacan as a magical and beautiful notonly for its scenery if not also for its traditions, its history, its culture, its gastronomyindustries entre other things. 3
  4. 4. PresentationThis paper presents the Tehuacán its location, geography, industries, historytehuacan meaning "place of Gods" meaning concerning the popolocas, the firstknown inhabitants here are surprised tehuacan and its natural . 4
  5. 5. Location: Puebla in MexicoTehuacan in Puebla: 5
  6. 6. Tehuacan and 5 regions: Tehuacan:Tehuacán is the second largest city in the Mexican state of Puebla, nestled in theSoutheast Valley of Tehuacán, bordering the states of Oaxacaand Veracruz. The2010 census reported a population of 248,716 in the city and 274,906 in itssurrounding municipality of the same name, of which it serves as municipal seat.The municipality has an area of 390.36 km² (150.72 sq mi).[1]Originally a Native American settlement, it became officially a city in the Viceroyaltyof New Spain in 1660. According to the archaeologist Richard Stockton MacNeish,the Valley of Tehuacán is the first place maize was ever cultivated by humankind.He arrived at this conclusion when he found over 10,000 teoscintle cobs in what isnow known as the Cave of Coxcatlan.In the late nineteenth century, the city was well known for its mineral springs. Infact, Peñafiel (now owned by Cadbury Schweppes), a well knownsoftdrinks manufacturer, extracts water from these wells for use in their products.Tehuacán also has an important cluster of poultry producers, making the city andits surroundings one of the most important egg producing regions in Mexico. [2]After the NAFTA agreement had been signed, Tehuacán saw a flood oftextile maquiladoras established in the city and surrounding areas. These textilefactories principally put together blue jeans for export to companies such as TheGap, Guess, Old Navy, and JC Penney. At the height of the maquila (short formaquiladora) boom, there were an estimated number of more than 700 maquilas intown, including those that were operating from homes, often in secret. While this 6
  7. 7. situation created a negative unemployment (zero unemployment) and the maquilassought workers as far away as Orizaba and Córdoba in the neighboring stateof Veracruz, it also created an urban and environmental nightmare. In one decade,Tehuacán went from being a town of 150,000 inhabitants to a city of 360,000.Although many maquilas have closed today, in 2007 there were still over 700 ofthem found in Tehuacán.[3] Due to the poverty of the families living in Tehuacán,child labour in the maquilas is common, and workers rights are often exploitedthere. Additionally, chemicals such as caustic soda, chlorine, peroxide, oxalicacid, sodium bisulphate, potassium permanganate, and sodiumhexametaphosphate are being discharged into the freshwater supplies by the jeanlaundries. Despite having new purifying technologies available at certain largefacilities, they are still not being used the majority of the time. The water, whichcontains heavy metals such as mercury, lead, copper, zinc, chrome, cadmium andselenium is then used by the farmers to irrigate their land. The cost ofenvironmental deterioration in 2002 was estimated to be $63 billion per year. 7
  8. 8. Tehuacán glyph This is the currently accepted glyph city of Tehuacán. It is based on the work of Felipe Francos 1946 Geographic Indonimia Puebla State, same as inferred from the word Teohuacan, ie instead of gods or the sun. (From "La Fortaleza del Cerro Colorado Tehuacan Puebla," Galvez Mauricio Rosales) The glyph is interpreted as follows: At the bottom you can see a gum with teeth, which means "place". Thealbum is a solar symbol, or sacred. Hence, to be known as Tehuacán "City ofGods", "Place of those gods", "Place of those with God" or more currently "SunCity".Tehuacan ShieldHe Shield of Tehuacán is made up of four quarters:In the first quarter there is a black eagle on the nopal with two arrows in its rightclaw and another crossed by its legs, on the left side of the quarter are three maizewith spikes of gold which the Indians call "Miahuatl", in a blue field. In the second quarter it shows a Black Eagle in white with a golden beak putting one leg on ateponaxtle and the other lifting two clasped arrows. At the right side of the eagle an ayacaxtle or sonaja is playing an instrument and dancing with theIndians. Just below is a drum, on the left side aretwo teponaxcle and below sits aQuetzal feather.In the third quarter there is a bush with a red flower on its outspread branches; in the native language the flower is called a "tlaxochitl". Below the tree is a bird digging up a flower, the tree is calleda Mezquite. On the right side is a castle on a hill andnear it there are white and colored stones, below thecastle is a cave.In the fourth quarter there is a decapitated head which isheld up by a hand that is reaching out from the right side 8
  9. 9. and is holding the head up by its hair, the left hand is also in the picture and isgrasping an arc. In the midst of the four quarters the head of Chimalpopoca and asCimera, the Virgin of the Conception. History of Tehuacan:Tehuacán was part of the royal road that communicated to the port of Veracruz toTenochtitlan.Historical past dates back to 8500 BC. The choco-popolocas tribefrom Coapan,was established in Tehuacán Viejo.The history of the region dates back to ancient years beforeit was a stretch of seacurrently leaves its trail in San Juan Raya with an immense amount offossil,dinosaur footprints; in the city of Tehuacán there streets with ridges formedlimestone named“Tecuate”that were once sea corals.During pre-Columbian timesis noteworthy that the Tehuacan Valley was crib corn and avocado.The earlycivilizations were popolocas who built the city of the sun "Tehuacan old",unfortunatelynot much is known of this archaeological zone, even have beenfound vases and ceramic.Thecity at the time of the insurgents served as a strategic point for location givingasylum to thetroops of Morelos.In the early twentieth century due to its famous waters springs the city willbecomean international tourist center filling of large luxury hotels at the time.Tehuacan is alsoknown for its fairs, the best known is the the fair of pomegranates, thats why Tehuacan isknown as the city of pomegranates.Inwhich it presented a bit of what is Tehuacan, with a mixture of customs andtraditionsoriginating indigenous and Spanish architecture, culture and cuisine 9
  10. 10. Tehuacan soft drink industryThe existence of springs that have healing properties allowed Tehuacán wasrecognized as the first American hydromineral center under the slogan "Tehuacán,health city". His fame transcended borders and hundreds of people came fromseveral states and abroad to consume natural or bottled water and thus cure theirillnesses.The abundance of water in various parts of the municipality came eight bottling ofmineral water and refreshing flavor that had great height in the domestic market,where consumers by saying "give me a Tehuacán" knew distributors related toproduct is bottled at this place.The boom in the soft drink industry was from the forties and continued until theeighties, when the bottlers, mostly local and national entrepreneurs, became themain source of employment for male workers, achieving some nearby townsinhabitants emigrated to what was used in one of the highest paid activities andbetter employment benefits.Spring “El Riego”Located at the foot of the plateau “El Riego”. In the middle of the seventeenthcentury had a great flow, as supplied the extensive grounds of the estate of thesame name, which was adjacent to the Auxiliary Board of St. Mary Coapan. A halfof the nineteenth century this property was the family Acquire Mont.This source is 10
  11. 11. considered to be the cradle of the bottling industry inTehuacán in 1901 as Mr. Joaquín Pitas first factory installedsame year produced two thousand boxes of mineral waterbrand diamond with the help of a steam-engine of 15horsepower. A year later Mr. Pita was associated withAnacharsis Peralta Requena to produce the brand Red Cross.This company was sold in 1903 to Mr. Lucindo Carriles from1924 who joined forces with Joaquin Cordoba to produce thebrand Covadonga. In 1933, this source would industrialize itswaters under the signature of Arturo and Andrés de la LlaveZaplana, after the company was able to Tehuacán “El Riego”springs.Spring of "San Lorenzo" The ejido uses water from the springs to offer two very popular resorts: the one in the center of town south of Highway 150 that comes from Puebla, and known by the name of Sport Fishing with facilities modern family to spend a Sunday happy. They are a source of employment for its residents several embotalladoras as maquiladoras and Bright Water.Spring "Peñafiel"It is fed by an underground stream that originates in the Pico de Orizaba orCitlaltépetl (Cerro de la Estrella) due to the melting glaciers of snow, anotherwonder hydrological arid valley Tehuacan and is the work of infiltration galleries dating from colonial times and even today some still producing water. LOCATION: Avenida José Garci-Crespo federal highway Tehuacán – Orizaba. 11
  12. 12. Poultry industry:With a daily production, approximately, 45 thousand boxes of eggs, Tehuacán isthe second national poultry production, which has led the industry to seek costreductions in areas such as poultry feed, as currently several farms have their ownfeed mills.Romero Consortium, founded several decades ago by Socorro Romero Bringas, isthe strongest in poultry production in Tehuacán, but in recent years the localmarket is held with industry Bachoco Sonora, who came to racing you in your ownhouse.There are a total of 13 farms that concentrate the production of 45 thousand boxesof egg per day, according to Jorge Cadena Romero, president of the Union ofPoultry Farmers of Tehuacán, but it should be noted that there are small farms thatmake their own efforts, some of which are derived from the same extended family.Since 1993, poultry farmers maintain a sanitary cordon against diseases such asavian influenza, so several of them explained that there is no risk that the diseasecould affect local farms. 12
  13. 13. Typical Food Tehuacan: PAN of DONKEYWater bread or white bread (pan de burro, represents the purity of the soul) is usedas offerings for the day of the Dead. It is made inSan Gabriel Chilac, San Sebastian and San JoseZinacatepec Miahuatlán and is so named becausethe baskets before they were brought to the breadwere transported on donkeys, currently decoraoswith a drawing of it.Ingredients:* 3 cups white bread flour* 2 1 / 2 (0.25 ounce) packages dry yeast1 tablespoon salt* 1 cup warm waterPreparation:1. Dissolve yeast in warm water. Mix flour andsalt. Add yeast and mix with a spatula until wellblended. Cover with flour a clean surface. Kneadat least ten minutes, until smooth and elastic(the consistency and texture of the dough).2. Wrapped in a plastic sheet and leave in awarm place until doubled (about an hour). Putthe dough on a lightly floured surface crushed toeliminate bubbles. Cut into 8 pieces. Form rollsmake a slit lengthwise with a knife. Place on anoiled sheet and let double in size.3. Bake for 15 to 20 minutes or until golden. MUEGANOIngredients:1 kilo of flour1 egg¼ liter of water50 grs. of brown sugar400 grs. butterSal FOR HONEY:½ kilo of brown sugar¼ liter of water1 cinnamon stickProcedure: 13
  14. 14. Mash well the brown sugar and dissolved in water.Mix the flour, egg, brown sugar dissolved in water and a teaspoon of salt. Kneadthe dough well so that is consistent and extends through the roller to leave quitethin.Cut dough into squares, fried in butter. Allowed to cool and get into the honeysyrup.To make honey, put water in a saucepan, brown sugar and cinnamon crushed,letting it boil until it holds strong ball.Stick the cubes in groups of five, to form muéganos, which is left to dry on thetable. MOLE HIPThis delicious dish originating in the Mixtec Oaxaca and Puebla share is the resultof a ritual that goes from pasture to slaughter the goats.Ingredients:1 set of hips and spine killing goat1.5 kg. tomatillo or miltomateChile Costeño to tasteOnion to tasteGarlic3 bunches of Colorado Guaje1 bunch Pepicha10 dried avocado leavesSalt to tasteOil to tasteOil to tastePreparation:Boil the meat with garlic, onion and salt for three to four hours until meat is tender.Was withdrawn and reserved broth.Apart little water is boiled in tomatoeswith chilies and garlic to taste. Strainand reserve.In a pan heat a little oil or a little fatfrom the broth, add the blended with alittle broth and allowed to season, addthe meat with the rest of broth,avocado leaves and the pepicha boil.Peel the gourd and blended with alittle broth and poured into thepan. Mole boil two minutes and servehot. 14

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