FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />Consists of paired internal ovaries, paired uterine tubes (oviducts), and a single uterus,...
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />
ANATOMY<br />
MAIN FUNCTION/S<br />Secretion of female sex hormones<br />Production of oocytesfor fertilization by sperm<br />Transporta...
OVARIES<br />Flattened almond – shaped bodies<br />Situated deep in the pelvic cavity<br />One section is attached to the ...
OVARIES<br />Surface is covered by simple squamous or cuboidal epithelium called germinal epithelium<br />Under the covere...
HISTOLOGY<br />
HISTOLOGY<br />
OVARIES<br />Below that tunica albuginea is the cortex of the ovary<br /><ul><li>Predominance of ovarian follicles</li></u...
HISTOLOGY<br />
HORMONES (OVARIES)<br />Estrogen<br />Progesterone<br />
ESTROGEN<br />Manufactured mostly in ovaries by developing egg follicles <br />In addition, produced by the corpus luteum,...
Less facial hair and smoother skin</li></ul>Luteinizing hormone (LH) and Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) help to contro...
PROGESTERONE<br />Responsible for the changes in the endometrium in the second half of the menstrual cycle<br />For fertil...
PROGESTERONE<br />Low progesterone hormones have negative influences on your body, fertility, pregnancy and can even lead ...
Reproductive (edited v.)
Reproductive (edited v.)
Reproductive (edited v.)
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Reproductive (edited v.)

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Reproductive (edited v.)

  1. 1. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />
  2. 2. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />Consists of paired internal ovaries, paired uterine tubes (oviducts), and a single uterus, and vagina<br />Accessory gland – mammary gland<br />
  3. 3. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM<br />
  4. 4. ANATOMY<br />
  5. 5. MAIN FUNCTION/S<br />Secretion of female sex hormones<br />Production of oocytesfor fertilization by sperm<br />Transportation of embryo to the uterus<br />Implantation of embryo<br />Development of fetus (pregnancy)<br />Nutrition of newborn<br />
  6. 6. OVARIES<br />Flattened almond – shaped bodies<br />Situated deep in the pelvic cavity<br />One section is attached to the broad ligament by a peritneal fold, mesovarium<br />Another section is attached to the uterine wall by ovarian ligament<br />
  7. 7. OVARIES<br />Surface is covered by simple squamous or cuboidal epithelium called germinal epithelium<br />Under the covered surface is the tunica albugineamade of dense irregular connective tissue<br /><ul><li>Responsible for whitish color of ovary</li></li></ul><li>HISTOLOGY<br />
  8. 8. HISTOLOGY<br />
  9. 9. HISTOLOGY<br />
  10. 10. OVARIES<br />Below that tunica albuginea is the cortex of the ovary<br /><ul><li>Predominance of ovarian follicles</li></ul>Deep in the cortex is highly vascularized connective tissue core of ovary, medulla<br /><ul><li>No distinct boundary line exists </li></li></ul><li>HISTOLOGY<br />
  11. 11. HISTOLOGY<br />
  12. 12. HORMONES (OVARIES)<br />Estrogen<br />Progesterone<br />
  13. 13. ESTROGEN<br />Manufactured mostly in ovaries by developing egg follicles <br />In addition, produced by the corpus luteum, placenta, liver, breasts and adrenal glands in smaller quantities<br />Essential to the menstrual cycle<br />Prepares uterus for pregnancy<br /><ul><li>Enriching and thickening of endometrium</li></li></ul><li>ESTROGEN<br />Contributes to the development of secondary characteristics<br /><ul><li>Breasts, widened pelvis, increased body fat in buttocks, thigh and hip region
  14. 14. Less facial hair and smoother skin</li></ul>Luteinizing hormone (LH) and Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) help to control production of estrogen<br />
  15. 15. PROGESTERONE<br />Responsible for the changes in the endometrium in the second half of the menstrual cycle<br />For fertility and pregnancy<br />Prepare the endometrium for implantation of fertilized egg and its development<br />Maintain the uterus throughout pregnancy<br />
  16. 16. PROGESTERONE<br />Low progesterone hormones have negative influences on your body, fertility, pregnancy and can even lead to an expelling of a fertilized egg<br />

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