Adjacency pair


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Adjacency pair

  1. 1. Adjacency Pair Language and Social Interaction
  2. 2. Adjacency Pair <ul><li>An example of turn-talking (pragmatics) </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of two utterances by two speakers, one after the other </li></ul><ul><li>The speaking of the 1 st utterance (the 1 st part, the 1 st turn) </li></ul><ul><li>Provokes a responding utterance (the 2 nd part, the 2 nd turn) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pragmatics <ul><li>Subfield of linguistics which studies the ways in which context contributes to meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to understand what is transmitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Comes only through experience. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You have a green light.” </li></ul><ul><li>It could mean you are holding a green light bulb. </li></ul><ul><li>Or that you have a green light to drive your car. </li></ul><ul><li>Or indicates that you can go ahead with the project </li></ul><ul><li>Or that your body has a green glow. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example <ul><li>“ What is your name?” </li></ul><ul><li>Requires the addressee to provide an answer in the following turn </li></ul><ul><li>If answered, completes the adjacency pair </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’m Piolo.” (Satisfies the pair) </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’m allergic to shellfish.” (Fails to complete the pair) </li></ul><ul><li>Violates the conversational maxim </li></ul>
  5. 5. Grice’s Conversational Maxim <ul><li>Paul Grice </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative principle: “Make your conversational contribution such as is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.” </li></ul><ul><li>How to achieve an effective communication </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gricean Maxims <ul><li>Maxim of Quality (be truthful) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only say what you believe is true </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only say what you have evidence for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Should I buy my son this new sports car?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I don’t know if that’s such a good idea. He totaled 2 cars since he got his license last year.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ No, he seems like he’d be a bad driver.” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Gricean Maxims <ul><li>Maxim of Quantity (quantity of information) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make you contribution as informative as required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not make your contribution more informative than required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Where is the post office?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Down the road, about 50 metres past the second left.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Not far.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Did you know that the postman was an excon?” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Gricean Maxims <ul><li>Maxim of Relation (relevance) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make your contribution relevant to the interaction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicate any way that it is not. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ How are you doing in school?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Not too well, actually. I’m failing two of my classes.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What fine weather we’re having lately!” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Gricean Maxims <ul><li>Maxim of Manner (be clear) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid unnecessary prolixity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid ambiguity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be brief. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be orderly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What did you think of that movie? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I liked the creative storyline. The ending was really a surprise!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was interestingly done, sir. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Examples of Pairs <ul><li>Greeting—greeting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Heya!”—”Oh, hi!” </li></ul><ul><li>Offer—acceptance/rejection </li></ul><ul><li>“ Would you like to visit the museum with me this evening?”—”I’d love to!” </li></ul><ul><li>Request—acceptance/rejection </li></ul><ul><li>“ Is it OK if I borrow this book”—”I’d rather you didn’t, it’s due back at the library tomorrow.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examples of Pairs <ul><li>Question—answer </li></ul><ul><li>“ What does this big red button do?”—”It causes two-thirds of the universe to explode.” </li></ul><ul><li>Complaint—excuse/remedy </li></ul><ul><li>“ It’s awfully cold in here.”—”Oh, sorry, I’ll close the window.” </li></ul><ul><li>Degreeting—degreeting </li></ul><ul><li>“ See you!”—”Yeah, see you later!” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Degreeting <ul><li>Refers to the conversational procedure by which two participants of a conversation agree to discontinue the conversation. </li></ul><ul><li>Greeting engages one. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, it was named so. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’ll see you later then.” </li></ul><ul><li>Yeah ok, see yah!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bye.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank You!