Stimulants

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Stimulants

  1. 1. STIMULANTSLane Eichman
  2. 2. Stimulants• A class of psychoactive drug that increase activity in the brain. These drugs can temporarily elevate alertness, mood and awareness.• Stimulants are legal and commonly used, all can be addicting.• Common stimulants • Caffeine • Nicotine • Cocaine • Amphetamines • Prescription drugs
  3. 3. Caffeine• Most widely used stimulant• Positives: • Can increase energy and alertness• Negatives: • Can cause anxiety and insomnia• Physically addictive• Withdrawal symptoms include headaches, fatigue, and irratibility
  4. 4. Nicotine• One of the top three most used psychoactive drugs in the world• Considered a stimulant and a relaxant• Users report feelings of relaxation, calmness, sharpness, and alertness• Not significantly addictive, but produces significant behavioral sensitization, which is a measure of addiction potential• Similar to amphetamine
  5. 5. Cocaine• An illegal psychoactive drug made from the leaves of the coca tree• Sigmund Freud advocated the use of cocaine as a therapeutic treatment for psychological disorder, but later realized the addictive properties of the drug• Can be taken orally, injected, inhaled, or snorted• During the early 1900s it was legal and could be found in many over-the-counter medications
  6. 6. Amphetamines• Referred to as "uppers," are a group of psychoactive drugs that affect the central nervous system and autonomic nervous system• Effects include tremors, vasoconstriction, restlessness, tachycardia, insomnia, agitation and loss of appetite• Were used for obesity and weight loss, but the addictive properties have caused them to be used much less• Some types will destroy brain tissue leading to brain damage
  7. 7. Prescription• Used to treat some physical and psychological disorders including ADHD and narcolepsy• Common names include Adderall, Ritalin, and Dexedrine• Increase dopamine and norepinephrine effects, which will increase blood pressure, respiratory function and euphoria
  8. 8. QUESTIONS?
  9. 9. Works Cited• http://psychology.about.com/od/psychoactivedrugs/a/stim ulants.htm• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotine#Psychoactive_effects

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