Priorities for
Research in African
Landscapes
Christine Negra, EcoAgriculture Partners
July 2, 2014 -World Agroforestry Ce...
Global public spending on agricultural R&D by major country or region and by
income status, 2008 (Beintma et al. 2012)
Sustainable
intensification:
Ex ante yield impacts
for rainfed maize,
no-till, compared to
baseline climate
change scenari...
“Change the broader socio-technical regime”
(Kwesi Atta-Krah)
• Appropriate technologies for specific regions
• Reduce soi...
Agroecological intensification (AEI)
● Global review of yield + ecosystem
services of 5 AEI approaches
● Conservation agri...
Agrobiodiversity
as a source of
resilience
Bioversity. 2014. The
Evolving Landscape of
Agricultural Biodiversity
Conserva...
Estimated
adaptation
costs for
Africa for four
scenarios.
(UNEP, 2013)
How to anticipate
and respond to
severe weather
an...
 Multiple climate benefits in agricultural production systems and
landscapes
(Harvey et al. 2013)
Livestock
systems
Agroecological research networks
•National science strategies
Leverage domestic / donor / private sector resources and
re...
Soil organic
carbon content
to 30 cm depth
(t C/ha)
(Harmonized World
Soil Database in
Brown et al. 2012)
National Agricultural
Research Systems
UNDP
Water, Land and
Ecosystems
International Institute
of Tropical Agriculture
Afr...
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Christine Negra - Priorities for Research in African Landscapes

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Christine Negra, director of research at EcoAgriculture Partners, starts the research parallel session by identifying the key gaps and opportunities for research action in Africa.

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Christine Negra - Priorities for Research in African Landscapes

  1. 1. Priorities for Research in African Landscapes Christine Negra, EcoAgriculture Partners July 2, 2014 -World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi
  2. 2. Global public spending on agricultural R&D by major country or region and by income status, 2008 (Beintma et al. 2012)
  3. 3. Sustainable intensification: Ex ante yield impacts for rainfed maize, no-till, compared to baseline climate change scenario for 2050 (MIROC A1B) (Rosegrant et al. 2014)
  4. 4. “Change the broader socio-technical regime” (Kwesi Atta-Krah) • Appropriate technologies for specific regions • Reduce soil nutrient deficits • Improve plant and animal response to stresses To manage ecosystems for multiple benefits  Systematic assessment of yield, income, human well- being, and ecosystem services outcomes  For different sets of agricultural practices, in different socio-ecological contexts, at multiple scales
  5. 5. Agroecological intensification (AEI) ● Global review of yield + ecosystem services of 5 AEI approaches ● Conservation agriculture ● Holistic grazing management ● Organic agriculture ● Precision agriculture ● System of Rice Intensification (SRI) ● Beneficial, but variable Assess AEI for specific regions or cropping systems
  6. 6. Agrobiodiversity as a source of resilience Bioversity. 2014. The Evolving Landscape of Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation
  7. 7. Estimated adaptation costs for Africa for four scenarios. (UNEP, 2013) How to anticipate and respond to severe weather and sea level rise
  8. 8.  Multiple climate benefits in agricultural production systems and landscapes (Harvey et al. 2013) Livestock systems
  9. 9. Agroecological research networks •National science strategies Leverage domestic / donor / private sector resources and regional / global research communities •Regional research consortia Help institutions to specialize within coordinated, committed research networks •International research organizations Share experience in farmer-driven action research •Global donors and public-private partnerships Co-investment in monitoring and forecasting
  10. 10. Soil organic carbon content to 30 cm depth (t C/ha) (Harmonized World Soil Database in Brown et al. 2012)
  11. 11. National Agricultural Research Systems UNDP Water, Land and Ecosystems International Institute of Tropical Agriculture African Fertilizer and Agribusiness Partnership Advanced research institutes Africa Soil Information Service Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Regional centers for excellence

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