Abby: please creat title slide that shows an image of farmers meeting together. A meeting from Via Campesina or similar would be good, or an image from a developed country, e.g., a Landcare meeting in Australia.
Why this is important: there are 1.5 billion peasants (small-scale food producers) worldwide, and they produce 70% of the world’s food.This includes a very wide diversity of producers in tradition, indigenous, and modern communities; rural and urban; sedentary and transientMany of them are organized into local, regional, or global movements. So the actions and effectiveness of these movements will strongly affect the degree to which integrated landscape approaches are supported to undermined. ecological degradation and role that smallholders can play in farming ecologically
Briefly differentiate key terms and note that this study looked at bothAgroecology = farm-level ecological mgmt; landscape benefits may occur serendipitously as a result of farm-level mgmt.Ecoagriculture = deliberate landscape scale coordination to achieve synergiesMany indigenous and locally adapted farming systems have a tradition of ecological managementBut do these farming systems scale up to multi-functional, diversified landscapes (Nature’s Matrix hypothesis)?
Farmer movements: current and potentialrole in achieving integrated agriculturallandscapesDavid KingBased in part on research by:Phil McMichael, Cornell UniversityJeffrey Milder, EcoAgriculture PartnersK.C. Alvey, Cornell University
Small-scale producers Larger-scale commerial Food producersgenerate 70% of all food… Small-scale farmers Hunting/gathering …so it is important Urban residents to understand: ● In what ways are farmer and producer movements supporting diversified farming systems? ● What are the obstacles preventing this? ● What are the future possibilities? Source: ETC Group, 2009. Who will feed us?
Farmers as food producers and ecosystemstewards● LandCare● Natura 2000 under EU Policy● Satoyama–type systems● Indigenous farming systems
Constraints to scaling up● KNOWLEDGE● CAPACITY● ENABLING ENVIRONMENT OF POLICIES, INCENTIVES, AND INVESTMENT