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Strengthening Land Governance through Participatory Mapping and Data Management in the Philippines - Summary


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Presented at the Country Learning Exchange held during the 7th GLTN Partners Meeting 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya.

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Strengthening Land Governance through Participatory Mapping and Data Management in the Philippines - Summary

  1. 1. Philippines STRENGTHENING LAND GOVERNANCE THROUGH PARTICIPATORY MAPPING AND DATA MANAGEMENT Christopher Ebreo and Ruby Papeleras GLTN Partners meeting and Country learning Exchange April 23-26,2018
  2. 2. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME INTRODUCTION Context of Mutinlupa City • In 2015, HPFPI with the Philippine Alliance began the conduct of mapping in Muntinlupa City. • The area is located in the southernmost part of Metro Manila, the largest urban conglomeration in the Philippines. • It has a population of half a million residents. • At the start of the mapping, the local government had no clear data on informal settlement communities in the city. • City’s shelter plan was not updated Lakeshore communities in Muntinlupa Area: 41.67 km2 (16.09 sq mi) Population: 504,509 (2015 census) -wikipedia
  3. 3. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME KEY LAND CHALLENGES • No updated information on number and situation of informal settlement families. • Lack of coordination among government agencies, local government departments in addressing the Informal settlements (ISF) issue. • Fragmented responses or solutions to informal settlements upgrading • Limited participation of informal settlement communities in land governance. • Lack of recognition by agencies and government of community efforts on the issue • Lack of trust between government representatives and communities. • Non-existence or lack of knowledge in preparing of shelter plans of local government units • Latest data available on ISF with Muntinlupa City government data is in 2007 Philippines: Housing Backlog as of 2017: 5.7 Million Units Based on HUDCC report
  4. 4. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME KEY INTERVENTIONS Project Components Project preparation: Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between City and implementing partners and creation of core team and technical working groups (TWG). STDM and learning hub: Introductory training sessions with TWG community members and other city stakeholders in 3 cities Community-level engagements: Community organizing work, analysis of data for planning, technical assistance for project development and community workshops with members of TWG. STDM learning hub in barangay SUCAT, Muntinlupa Sample STDM digitizing in Muntinlupa
  5. 5. Interventions Community mapping activities such as training of core mappers, settlements profiling, mapping boundaries using GPS devices, structure mapping, validation of data and initial planning at the barangay level, creation TWG groups per barangay
  6. 6. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME KEY INTERVENTIONS Data analysis and presentation to the stakeholders
  8. 8. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME PROCESSES Participation, Collaboration, Learning • Strong participation and commitment of communities to undertake the process, despite negative past experience working with government. • Participation of other stakeholders – local government, civil society groups, people’s organizations and national agencies • Openness of and recognition by local government of the importance of having the communities participate in the process • Generated information is evidence-based so that local government units and communities alike readily accepted the results and were able to come up with concrete upgrading plans and projects • Technical expertise in community mapping was passed on to the people which has helped the communities better understand their own situation, make informed decisions and eventually share the knowledge and skills to other communities.
  9. 9. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME PROCESSES • Mapping contributed to intra- and inter- personal growth among communities, e.g., they gained sense of leadership, responsibility, effective communication. • Informed solutions developed based mapping results and backed by daily experiences. • Sharing of best practices at the global, regional and country levels through learning exchange. Regional Learning Exchange in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia February 6-7, 2018, “Strengthening Land Governance in the Asia-Pacific” Technical working group members with Muntinlupa City Government
  10. 10. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME KEY ACHIEVEMENTS • The mapping activities resulted in 1) Generated a citywide profile of informal settlements in Muntinlupa City, total profiled 186 community Association with the total Informal settlers families of 33,703 and total population of 130,286 which is 25% of the population were ISF based on 2015 City population data 504,509 2) creating a different platforms that links government, communities and other city stakeholders in planning the city; 3) strengthening of community groups and networks; 4) planning and implementation of pilot upgrading projects in one barangay ; 5) creation of a learning hub on community mapping and profiling • Partnerships between and among the city government, communities and other stakeholders became more clarified • Establishment of academic and professional linkages – established new partnerships with the Geodetic Engineers of the Philippines (GEP- NCR); University of the Philippines Department of Geodetic Engineering (UPDGE).
  12. 12. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME KEY ACHIEVEMENTS Presentation of Data City level-After the mapping has been done on all barangays the final result will be presented on the City through the Local Housing Board. Project development: After the mapping one of the Barangay (Sucat )started to discuss five (5) land acquisition project with the help of Social Housing Finance Corporation (SHFC), Land owner , Village Chief and all departments of the city to help realize priorities with the communities.
  13. 13. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME EMERGING OUTCOMES • Community awareness – communities gained greater awareness of their own situation through their active participation in the process. They were able to provide informed solution rooted to the results of mapping and backed by their daily experiences. • Recognition through data and representation through networks – Some communities were recognized by government offices through presentation of maps produced via STDM. Eight (8)barangays already formed their community networks. 5 out of 31 communities in Sucat already started land acquisition procesess. 1 out of 8 barangays enacted a Barangay Shelter Plan. • Social growth and empowerment among community members – Mapping contributed to intra- and inter-personal growth among communities, e.g., they gained sense of leadership, responsibility, effective communication. • Open dialogue between TWG members and representatives of city departments. • Helps Barangay chairman in spending /allocating approriately the budget to address priority issues Community mapping in Barangay Sucat Settlements mapping in Barangay Sucat
  14. 14. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME LESSONS LEARNED • Importance of community participation in the planning and upgrading of informal settlements. • Need to have a holistic approach, that is, “citywide” in scope in addressing the issue. • Importance of the data gathered that will provide clear picture of what intervention needed from the city government and barangay officials. • Value of creating a venue where local governments and communities contributes to: a. Improving communication. b. Exchange of ideas and lessons learned c. Align their activities to make efficient the use of resources • Need to institutionalize the process and tools at the city and national levels to ensure that data generated will be used in the drafting of shelter plans.
  15. 15. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME SUMMARY & CONCLUSION The recent mapping project supported by GLTN and its partners together with the HPFPI and TAMPEI as implementers has: • Strengthened the community mapping initiatives and processes started 3 years ago; • Led to the expansion of the mapping project started in Muntinlupa City to other two cities - Iloilo and Davao. • Sustained the positive impact and participation of communities in the project ensuring the continuity and strengthening of processes and collaboration in cities. • Served to connect the ongoing mapping process with the shelter planning and development planning in the city • Promoted the process by facilitating knowledge exchange between HPFPI, TAMPEI and other partners both local and international, including use of innovative tools such as STDM through training in other regions across the Philippines.
  16. 16. GLTN BRIEFING AND PROGRAMME ACTION PLAN • To promote “continuum of land rights” to the partners, stakeholders and to the community by looking at different tenurial rights and its specific intervention. Create programs and policies at the local level. • Strengthen the capacity of the network of communities to facilitate the realizations of their own development. • To pilot one concrete project development in one city as concrete output to help promote in other cities. There are organizations in the Philippines such as “League of Cities of the Philippines” and office of the vice president of the Philippines to take on the process. • To continue the momentum of selected cities such as Iloilo and Davao to implement the STDM. Both cities mentioned have already conducted their profiling through HPFPI programs as well as established partnership with their respective LGUs. • GLTN to intervene in data analysis that acceptable both for city and the community.
  17. 17. Philippines STRENGTHENING LAND GOVERNANCE THROUGH PARTICIPATORY MAPPING AND DATA MANAGEMENT Christopher Ebreo and Ruby Haddad GLTN Partners meeting and Country learning Exchange April 23-26,2018 THANK YOU!