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Creating and Maintaining the Commons: Using Open Licensing Policies to Reduce Costs in Higher Education

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This presentation looks at what policies could be used to enhance access to knowledge within higher education for students, stafff, and faculty.

Lance Eaton
http://www.LanceEaton.com
@leaton01

Published in: Education
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Creating and Maintaining the Commons: Using Open Licensing Policies to Reduce Costs in Higher Education

  1. 1. Creating and Maintaining the Commons: Using Open Licensing Policies to Reduce Costs in Higher Education LANCE EATON
  2. 2. Thomas Jefferson, 1815 “He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine….” Source: https://flic.kr/p/83k78j
  3. 3. The Cost of Access  Textbooks: $1200 annually per student  Higher education libraries: $1.9 billion annually on databases  Federal & state funded research since 2004: >$500 billion
  4. 4. But Why? Access to knowledge has never been cheaper.
  5. 5. 1815: 1 book = $48 in today’s dollars. Source: https://archive.org/stream/gri_33125011074867/gri_33125011074867#page/n881/mode/1up
  6. 6. 2015: $1 = 65+ books worth in data Source: https://flic.kr/p/89D449
  7. 7. Affordability & Openness How can open policies be leveled to aid in the creation of knowledge and its reproduction within the realm of higher education—especially public higher education—for everyone’s benefit?
  8. 8. What is Openness Openness: freely sharing with little or no restrictions that which one legally owns Copyright: restricts this. Creative Commons License: Empowers this. 2004: 1st established. 2015: 1 billion CC licenses issued. Gives the means to easily & legally share.
  9. 9. How would openness work for higher ed?  Publicly-funded research must be CC licensed.  Support the creation, development, and aggregating of OER materials.
  10. 10. Examples of Open Policies  Affordable College Textbook Act Fosters opportunities & support for institutions to build out OER  Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act Agencies with more than $100M must create pathways to research being publicly available within 6-12 months.
  11. 11. Further Development of Open Policy  Synthesizing establish policies.  Central open repository for learning  Central open repository for research  Redirection of Freed Funds
  12. 12. The Bigger Why  Antiquated copyright  Returning public good to higher education  Quantifying public good's return value  What about patents?
  13. 13. Questions? LANCE EATON

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