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Open Access Publishing, Threat or Opportunity?


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Open Access Publishing, Threat or Opportunity?

  1. 1. Open Access Publishing, Threat or Opportunity Louise Tripp Subject Librarian: English, European Languages, Linguistics, Open Access A21/51, The Library Tel. (01524) 592546 Phil Cheeseman Head of Academic Services A21/51, The Library Tel. (01524) 592766 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit
  2. 2. General Aim of OA Policies By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. (Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2002) 30001
  3. 3. Accessing Research Publications Traditional Access to publications determined by subscription to print or electronic journals. Subscriptions form the largest proportion of an academic library’s budget. Open Access Green - deposit paper (Accepted version) in institutional and/or subject repository if desired, subject to publisher’s permissions and funder’s requirements. Gold - pay-to-publish route: journal publisher is paid a fee (commonly known as an Article Processing Charge) and then provides free immediate online access to the article. 30001
  4. 4. A bit of history BioMed Central launched (a for-profit open access publisher) Open Access defined by the Budapest Open Access Initiative Research Councils UK publishes its Open Access policy Wellcome Trust introduces policy to apply to all research papers arising from Trust funding Working group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings (Finch Group) established 2000 2002 2005 2006 2011 30001
  5. 5. A UK Open Access Policy Finch report “the UK should embrace the transition to Open Access and accelerate this process in a measured way which promotes innovation but also what is most valuable in the research communications ecosystem.” • clear support for the Gold route (publication in Open or Hybrid Journals, funded by APCs • also recommended changes to licensing arrangements, improvements to repositories and increased public access to journals. The Government accepts all recommendations of the Finch report and looks to Funding Councils, Research Councils, universities and publishers to implement them. June 2012 July 2012 30001
  6. 6. RCUK and EU Policies Research Councils UK announces a new open access policy to come into effect for all articles submitted after 1st April 2013 that arise from RCUK funding. • Favours the Gold route (subsequently funding announced to support this) • Allowed for different embargo periods where the Green route is applied. EU Commission announces new Open Access policies in relation to ‘Horizon 2020’ , the EU’s Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014- 2020). • Supports both Green and Gold models July 2012 July 2012 30001
  7. 7. Recent developments HEFCE launches consultation on its approach to open access for post-2014 REF • Journal articles and conference proceedings to be deposited in the author’s own institutional repository, immediately upon publication (subject to embargoes) • Outputs in a form allowing reader to search for and re-use content (manually and using automated tools) subject to proper attribution BIS Select Committee open access report published • It strongly criticises Government and RCUK policy • It argues for Green open access and development of institutional and subject repositories July 2013 Sept 2013 30001
  8. 8. OA Responses - RCUK • Policies largely targeted at journal articles and conference proceedings (for now) • RCUK have given Lancaster University £300k over 2 years • RCUK pushing for Gold OA or access within 6-12 months • RCUK also have licensing requirements relating to use by 3rd parties (CC-BY licence) 30001
  9. 9. OA Responses – Publishers • Most large publishers are responding by developing OA policies and different payment models (Gold) • After an embargo period (varies between 6-12 months) a pdf of the published version can be deposited in a repository (Green) 30001
  10. 10. OA Responses – HE Institutions Institutions have: • responded rapidly to administer RCUK funding in support of OA requirements • provided a sector response to policy creation • been reviewing policies and practices to support OA 30001
  11. 11. What the University Statement on OA aims to do • States a commitment to transparency and dissemination of research outputs • States that we should aim to make Green our norm, using Gold when resources allow (RCUK and LU Funding) • Provide an approach that satisfies funders while allowing flexibility for researchers • Recognises that the landscape is likely to keep changing • Provide background and support information 30001
  12. 12. How can I make my research OA? Online guidance at Open Access Publishing Flowchart: step-by-step guidance through Green and Gold routes Flowchart ‘You’ve decided on Gold Access – what next?’: how to obtain funding 30001
  13. 13. Future of OA • A constantly changing landscape – with a swing towards the Green route • Global Open Access movement • Open Access to extend to monographs and book chapters? - Wellcome Trust requirement from Oct 2014 - National Monograph Strategy project • Open Data / Research Data Management 30001
  14. 14. Questions - Discussion • Open Access, threat or opportunity? • How does OA currently impact on your research practice? How might it in the future? • How should we respond to these challenges and opportunities? • How can we help? What information, support and services could the library provide to support you in relation to Open Access? 30001
  15. 15. Sources and Useful Links Pure Budapest OA Initiative Finch Report VERSION.pdf Wellcome Trust OA policy RCUK Policy on OA 30001
  16. 16. Sources and Useful Links Horizon 2020 National Monographs Strategy HEFCE consultation on open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework.pdf Business, Innovation and Skills Committee’s Report on OA innovation-and-skills/news/on-publ-open-access/ 30001