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Unit 19 P1,P2,P3 presentation


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Btec Level 3 Business Unit 19 P1,P2,P3 Presentation

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Unit 19 P1,P2,P3 presentation

  1. 1. Exploring Team Development
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Team development • Building Teams • Effectiveness of teams
  3. 3. Introduction This presentation will look in depth about what makes a team, team development and will show the effectiveness of different types of teams. Further more there will be examples and explanations that will break down team leadership and team roles.
  4. 4. Team development • Definition of a team; A group of people with a common goal to complete a job, task or project. • Examples of different types of business teams; Sports, Teaching teams, Army, Religious teams and many more.
  5. 5. Types Of Teams A team is a group of individuals working together to achieve a specific task or common objective. There are many types of group not only restricted to the workplace. For example there are local football teams in many areas that you may be supporters of. Theories show that a collective approach to a task is highly effective. Having a team effort or approach to a task is a very popular and used method in a work place to get business targets achieved and tasks done. The formation of a team is dependant on the goal or purpose. In workplaces there may be selective teams that specify in a particular subject or skill that will work together on a chosen project. This type of grouping is called an “informal team”. A more formal team is also often used in the working environment where the productivity of the team is decided by the pre-established norms and codes. An example of this would be a football team where each player has a specific position that they play to entirely form a well rounded complete football team.
  6. 6. Team •A group of people working together to achieve a common objective. Steps to a cohesive team: •Team member selection •Objective identification •Keep communication open •Promote trust •Assist in conflict resolution •Encourage feedback •Time of fun A successful cohesive team: A cohesive team has well defined roles and group norms, common goals, a positive team identity, a good working relationship, shared responsibility, respect, positive energy, trust, a willingness to cooperate, unity, good communication, pride in membership and synergy. Cohesion •Cohesion is the total field of forces which act on members to remain in a particular group. Cliches such as 'Together we stand/ divided we fall' ' There is no I in team' 'Players play, teams win' show individuals the importance of team cohesion and bring motivation to the team.
  7. 7. Team Recruitment: Recruiting the right team members is the key to the success of your team. When the leaders of any group recruit new members, there are a number of skills, qualities needed as well as a process that each member has to go through in order for them to be an successful addition to the team. This process is called job analysis from where a person specification is drawn up and following all the qualifications and qualities that a new team member would be expected to have. The process of recruitment for a successful new team members selection. Recruitment> selection> -training •coaching •mentoring •motivation The first steps to a successful recruitment > recruiting and selecting people who will be good team players > training them, providing mentoring and coaching to help them to perform better in the teams > creating your high-performance team. reference: business BTEC national book1 level 3 , page 363
  8. 8. Primary factors that can impact on team performance The Environment: teams that are closer to each other tend to be more cohesive and have a bigger chance in increasing performance as they can communicate better and form a closer relationship. Small or larger teams: there are bad and good aspects about this. For example smaller teams have a better chance to interact more with each other as well as larger teams have a better chance on doing the work quicker and share their tasks. Personal characteristics/social backgrounds: the team is more likely to be cohesive if a larger number of individuals share the same social background as there is a higher change in having the same level of commitment and attitude to the work. People from different social backgrounds tend to have different beliefs and attitudes sometimes benefiting the team; and sometimes having a bad impact on the team confusion and disagreement can come up. Age/Gender/Sexual Orientation/Religion: These are 4 of the most common factors that can affect a team performing to its best. This is because each individual has different views and beliefs towards these. Age can affect a team performance as if there is a big age difference between the team members conceptions and thinking will differ completely and that would cause conflicts. Gender also affects team performance because if for example the team is dominated by males the females would feel inferior and unimportant as well as the other way round. Sexual orientation and religion may be the biggest factors creating conflicts and affecting team performance because some religions are very strict and differ from the rest and they may not support transsexuals or other sexual orientation and may refuse to work in the same team.
  9. 9. Good teams set targets and performance indicators In order to be able to achieve their goals and objectives, successful teams set targets and performing indicators to help the measure their performance. Performing indicators are measures that a company or industry uses to gauge or compare performance in terms of meeting their strategic and operational goals. For example a team effectiveness process indicator might be that 90 per cent of team members attend meetings and that teams agree to arrive at a consensus view by voting on issues where there is disagreement. reference: business BTEC level 3, page 370 Team performance indicators act as targets for teamwork. Some example for targets measure by performance indicators are : the team meeting at regular weekly intervals or everyone in the team having the chance to chair a team meeting at least for once. more example could be the team would increase their output by a x per cent per month; each individual could do the same. Examples from : business BTEC level 3 book1 , page 370
  10. 10. Belbin's Theory The Belbins theory was adopted by Dr Meredith Belbin in the 1970s. The theory was about observing teams, with a view of finding out where and how their differences come about. He began to identify separate clusters of behavior, each of which formed distinct team Roles. The 8 team roles of Belbins theory •the chair •the shaper •the plant •the monitor-evaluator •the resource-investigator •the company-worker •the finisher
  11. 11. Applying Belbins Team roles to our own Team Action Oriented Roles: Shaper>Implementer>Completer Finisher Best candidates for this role from our team are Jannah and Daiana. This is because Daiana and Jannah challenge the team to improve, put ideas into actions , ensure thoroughly , timely completion. People Oriented Roles: Coordinator>Team Worker>Resource Investigator The best candidates from our team for this roles are Ardisa and Lana. This is because both members act as a chairperson, encourage cooperation and explore outside opportunities. Thought Oriented Roles: Plant>Monitor-Evaluator>Specialist For this particular roles the best candidates are Can and Jannah. This is because both present new ideas and approaches, analyze the options and provide specialized skills. Belbins Roles
  12. 12. Effectiveness of Different Teams Teams help build and form every business and help aid the company to achieve their aims and objectives. They are created by effective leaders with vision and ambition and hard working motivated team members. Not all teams are the same there are a variety of different team types to fit the purpose of the business and job role. Examples of different types of teams could be; a football team, a pop band and a teaching team.
  13. 13. • The first example of a team that will be explored is a football team. • This team is formed by eleven men strictly or women strictly and is not a mixed gender team and a manager. • The team represents the local area or country initially that is who they are working for. • The eleven team members all have the same skill which is to be able to play football at an exceptional level but within this there are players that are better at certain aspects of the sport than others such as; defending, shooting, communication, coordination, speaking skills (languages), health etc. • Together they should form a well rounded team with each player having a skill that will help them in the position they are given. The image that is displayed is of Real Madrid; a Spanish football team but what most people will not notice is that not all the players are from Spain or even Madrid in fact the most famous player in the team Ronaldo is Portuguese. Regardless of the differences this team is successful for their ability to work together and encourage the best out of each other entirely to help the team win and prosper.
  14. 14. • The second example of a team is the business teaching team of Westminster Kingsway College. • This team is formed by one head of business (leader of the team), four main teachers and several semi permanent teachers. • The head of business controls and directs the four main teachers about what they have to teach and the four main teachers will express this in their classes. When on an occasion one of the four main teachers are unable to attend a lesson one of the semi permanent teachers will replace them and this is when the leader role is transferred to the main teachers to direct the part time teachers to what they have to do. • All the teachers that are employed have different skills that they specialise in but will all relate to the business subject. • Some teachers will have more experience than others for example the four main teachers have been working at WKC a longer amount of time than the replacement teachers therefore they are able to aid them with problems to work efficiently and co-operatively making sure that the lessons are not affected harshly by the absence of their usual teacher. • The teaching staff work together to support each other and share skills with each other to get the final result which is successful students.
  15. 15. Attributes and Skills needed from a leader Definitions: •Authoritarian leadership: The leadership style is in which the leader dictates policies and procedures, decided what the goals are to be achieved. Also this person will direct and control all the activities without and meaningful participation by the subordinates. •Democratic leadership: This involves a team guided by a leader where every individuals are involved in the decision-making process to determine what is going to be done and how it should be done. But the group's leaders have the last word decision. •Participative leadership: This is a way the leadership in which it involves subordinates in the goal setting with the problem solving team building. As well as retain the final decision making authority. •Laissez-faire leadership: This is a non- authoritarian leadership style. Laissez faire leaders are trying to give the least possible guidance to subordinate and to try to achieve control through less obvious means. They believe that when the proper excel when they are left alone to respond to their own responsibilities and obligations in their own. •Manager: The individual who are in charge of a certain group of tasks or the creative subset of a company. The manager are often have staff of people who report to them. • •
  16. 16. Leader and manager and summaries the main differences between the two. •The leaders are often called brilliant and mercurial with great charisma. Yet they are also often seen as the seen as loner and private people. They are the comfortable taking risks, sometimes seemingly wild and crazy risks. Almost all leaders have high levels of imagination. But the Managers tend to be the rational and under control problem solvers. Often focus on the goals structures personnel and availability of resource. The managers personalities lean toward persistence, strong will analysis and intelligence. •The main focus for leaders is leading people but the main focus for managers is managing the work. •To approach the task for the leaders they simply look at the problems and devise new creative solutions. By using their charisma and commitment they excite, motivate and focus others to solve problems and excel. For the Manager to approach a task they create strategies, policies and methods that create teams and ideas that combine to operate smoothly. They empower people by soliciting their views, values and principle Believing that this combination educes inherent risk and generates success. •
  17. 17. An effective team leader had a variety of traits and characteristics that encourage team members to follow them. The team leaders naturally possess certain qualities, like compassion and integrity, learning leadership skills through formal training experience. This qualities of an effective team leader inspire the trust and respect of the team and stimulate production within the workplace. Leadership skills: Developing & learning business focused people development. Communication: The effective team leaders communicate clearly. Qualities of this are verbal and written communication skills that allow leaders to present expectations to team members in a way workers can understand. The effective communication skills also allow team leaders to listen to the in put of others. Organization: The effective team leaders possess exceptional organizational skills. The organizational skills help the team leaders plan objectives and strategies, which allow the team members to perform optimally. The organized team leaders put the system in place that maintain the order and guide that team members toward when meeting company goals and objectives. Confidence: An effective team leader is confident in his/her abilities, as well as the confidence and the abilities of his/her team members. A confident leader is secure in the decisions he/she makes that affect his/her team. The self confident team leaders also reassures team members of his authority within the organization. What skills and qualities that are needed to make a good team leader.
  18. 18. Respectful: The quality of a respectful team leader of his/her team members. A respectful leader empowers employees by encouraging them to offer ideas about the decisions that will affect them. This will let team members know that the leaders respect their input and opinion. Fair: The quality team leaders treat team members fairly. She/he is consistent with the rewards and recognition as well as the disciplinary action. The fair leader ensures all employees receive the same treatment. Integrity: Team leaders effective honest and open with his/her team members. The leaders who possess integrity that gain the trust of team members because he/she does what he/she says he/she will do and treat others the same way he/she wants to be treated. Influential: Leaders help inspire the commitment of team members to meet company goals and the objectives influential leaders also help to manage change in the workplace by gaining the confidence of workers through effective decision making and communication. Delegation: Effective team leaders know how to share leadership through delegation. Bu delegating certain tasks to trustworthy team members allowing the leaders to focus on improving workplace functions and production. Facilitator: The effective team leaders are powerful facilitators. as the facilitators that the team leaders help the workers to understand their goals. Also help organize the action that are planned to ensure team members meet their goals and objectives more efficiently. Negotiation: The team leaders utilize negotiation skills to achieve results and reach the understanding in the event of the workplace conflict. Team leaders who negotiate effectively streamline the decision-making process, as well as they solve problems for the best interest of everyone involved.